Mid-American Gardener: Winter Burn, Rubber Plants, and Spring Cleanup

April 10, 2014

Mid-American Gardener Horticulture expert Dianne Noland is joined by her extraordinary guest panelists Ella Maxwell, Karen Ruckle and Dave Ploussard. The discussion touched upon winter burn, rubber plants, fruit trees, landscape replacements, spring clean up, strawberries and so much more. Ella shows a different kind of Easter basket (from her mom) to present some new fabulous gardening ideas.

HELLO, GARDENERS.
THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR WATCHING, AND WE ARE HAPPY TO BE HERE AND TALKING ABOUT PLANTS AND ALL KINDS OF THINGS IN THE OUT OF DOORS AND INDOORS AS WELL.
HI.
I AM DIANNE NOLAND.
I TEACH HORTICULTURE AT THE UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS IN THE HORTICULTURE AREA, BUT IN THE CROP SCIENCES DEPARTMENT.
SO I WILL ANSWER QUESTIONS ABOUT PERENNIALS AND CUT FLOWERS.
BUT WE HAVE THREE TALENTED FOLKS RIGHT HERE WITH ME.
LET’S FIND OUT WHO THEY ARE, THEIR AREA OF EXPERTISE, AND THEY WILL DO SHOW AND TELL OR E-MAILS.
I WILL START FIRST WITH YOU, DAVE PLOUSSARD.
>>HI, DIANNE.
I AM THE GARDEN CENTER MANAGER AT HOERR NURSERY IN PEORIA. I AM A CERTIFIED TREE ARBORIST AS WELL.
WHAT I BROUGHT IN TODAY WAS PLANTS THAT HAVE WINTER BURN OR A TECHNICAL TERM WOULD BE WINTER DESICCATION, BUT THIS IS DWARF ALBERTA SPRUCE, A VERY COMMON PLANT THAT PEOPLE USE.
YOU CAN SEE THE BROWNING THAT IS ON IT, AND THAT’S CAUSED BY THE PLANT LOSING MORE MOISTURE IN THE WINTER THAT IT IS ACTUALLY ABLE TO TAKE UP.
WE ALSO HAVE AN EXAMPLE OF A BOXWOOD, VERY SIMILAR SITUATION WHERE THE PLANT JUST PLAIN DRIED OUT BECAUSE THERE WAS TOO MUCH WIND, MAYBE TOO MUCH SUN, AND THAT CAUSES IT TO DRY OUT AND NOT ABLE TO RETAIN ITS COLOR, AND THAT PART OF IT DIES.
BUT IF YOU LOOK AT THIS SAME BOXWOOD, THANK YOU, KAREN.
I AM NOT SURE IF IT IS QUITE OBVIOUS, BUT THE TOP IS BROWNING, AND BOTTOM PART IS GREEN.
ON SOME OF THESE PLANTS, IF YOU OPEN THEM UP AND LOOK IN THE CENTER OF THEM, YOU WILL SEE THEY ARE NICE AND GREEN, AND, THEREFORE, MOST OF THEM YOU CAN JUST TRIM OFF WHAT IS BURNED OR IN OTHER WORDS THE PART OF IT THAT HAS DIED.
THIS IS A YEW WHICH IS ALSO AN EXTREMELY COMMON PLANT.
I DON’T THINK THE WHITE PAPER HELPS IT.
IT HAS BROWNING, AND IT IS, AGAIN, JUST NEEDS TO BE CUT OUT.
IF YOU LOOK AT THE CENTER OF THE YEWS, THEY ARE GENERALLY DOING VERY WELL.
THE LAST SAMPLE I HAVE IS THIS IS A WHITE PINE, AND YOU CAN SEE ON THIS, HOPEFULLY, THE NEEDLES ARE—SOME OF THEM IT IS JUST THE TIPS OF THE NEEDLES.
SOME OF IT IS ALL THE NEEDLES, AND YOU WILL SEE TREES THAT ALMOST ALL LOOK BROWN BECAUSE THE NEEDLES ARE ALL DESICCATED OR DRIED OUT.
VERY OFTEN, THE BUDS OF THE TREES WHICH YOU CAN’T SEE IN THE SPECIMEN, BUT THE BUDS ARE STILL HEALTHY AND THE PLANTS WILL CONTINUE TO GROW, AND THEY WILL BE FINE.
SO A LOT OF THE CALLS WE GET ABOUT THESE, WHAT CAN I DO WITH THEM, ARE THEY GOING TO DIE, WHAT SHOULD BE DONE?
IN SOME CASES YOU WILL HAVE TO TRIM OFF THE PLANT.
LIKE THE BOXWOOD AND YEW, YOU JUST TRIM OFF WHAT IS DEAD.
MOST OF THESE WILL RECOVER JUST FINE.
THE DWARF ALBERTA SPRUCE WILL GROW OUT OF IT, AND THE PINE WILL ALSO GROW OUT OF IT.
SO NOT ALL OF THEM HAVE TO BE TRIMMED BACK, BUT IN MOST CASES, THE PLANTS WILL BE FINE UNLESS IF YOU DON’T SEE ANY NEW GROWTH COMING OUT THIS SPRING, OF COURSE, YOU WILL KNOW YOU HAVE TO REPLACE THE PLANT.
>>I HAVE SEEN DOUGLAS FIRS THAT JUST LOOK BROWN.  HOPEFULLY, IT WILL GROW OUT OF IT.
THANK YOU.
THAT HELPS PEOPLE REASSURE IT IS NOTHING YOU HAVE DONE.
>>YOU WILL SEE IT WIDESPREAD ALL OVER CENTRAL ILLINOIS. 
>>AND PROBABLY MID-AMERICA.
>>YEAH, REALLY, AND SOME IS EVEN CAUSED BY SALT SPRAY FROM THE ROADS.
SO IT CAN BE CAUSED BY A LOT OF DIFFERENT THINGS, BUT IT IS FROM THE WINTER, KIND OF DRIES OUT THE CELLS OF THE PLANT, BUT THEY RECOVER.
>>VERY GOOD.
THANKS, DAVE.
AND THEN WE WILL GO TO THE ONE IN THE MIDDLE, AND THAT IS KAREN RUCKLE.
HI, KAREN.
>>I WORK AT HOERR NURSERY IN PEORIA.
I DON’T KNOW THAT I REALLY HAVE AN EXPERTISE AREA, BUT I LIKE HOUSE PLANTS, PERENNIALS, SHRUBS.
SO TONIGHT I HAVE A RUBBER PLANT QUESTION THAT MAXINE HAD SENT IN, AND HOPEFULLY WE CAN HELP YOU WITH THIS.
SHE HAD A RUBBER PLANT THAT SHE PURCHASED, HAS IT IN A BRIGHT ROOM, BUT SHE IS HAVING A COUPLE ISSUES.
SOME OF THE LEAVES ARE TURNING YELLOW, AND THEY ARE STARTING TO DRY AND FALL OFF.
MOST LEAVES HAVE SMALL PIMPLY WHITE ON THEM.
TALKING ABOUT THE DROPPING LEAVES, THAT’S PROBABLY BECAUSE A RUBBER PLANT, OLDER LEAVES WILL FALL OFF, AND YOU WILL LOSE THEM UNFORTUNATELY.
THE OTHER THING THAT COULD HAVE HAPPENED IS MAKE SURE THAT THE PLANT HAS WELL-DRAINED.
THEY DON’T LIKE TO STAY TOO WET, AND ALSO YOU TRANSPLANTED IT GOING UP INTO A BIGGER POT.
HOPEFULLY IT WAS JUST TWO INCHES BIGGER THAN THE POT IT WAS IN BECAUSE THEY LIKE TO BE ROOTBOUND AND NUMBER OF YEARS OF VERY TOLERANT OF SITTING IN SAME POT, AND THEY WILL BE FINE TYPICALLY.
YOU SENT IN A GREAT PICTURE OF THE LEAF AND THESE WHITE PIMPLE DOTS ON IT.
THOSE ARE ACTUALLY FINE AND NOTHING TO WORRY ABOUT.
THE THING I WAS WORRIED ABOUT YOUR PICTURE, IT ALMOST LOOKED LIKE THERE WAS A STICKINESS ON THAT LEAF, AND THAT CONCERNS ME YOU MIGHT HAVE INSECT PROBLEM.
UNFORTUNATELY, WITH HOW LONG AGO YOU SENT IN THIS E-MAIL, IT COULD BE PRETTY BAD AT THAT POINT.
LOOK ON THEN THE UNDERSIDES OF YOUR LEAVES, AND LOOK FOR WEBBING OF SPIDER MITES OR SCALE INSECTS.
THEY ARE ACTUALLY KIND OF A DOT, BUT A BIGGER DOT WILL USUALLY BE BROWN AND KIND OF DOMED.
THEY WILL EAT—AND THEY WILL HAVE A STICKINESS THAT WILL LEAVE ON YOUR LEAVES.
YOU WANT TO LOOK FOR INSECT PROBLEM IS PROBABLY WHAT I WOULD WORRY MOST ABOUT FOR YOU.
OLDER LEAVES WILL FALL OFF.
NOT TOO BIG OF A DEAL.
VERY GOOD.
THANK YOU, KAREN.
NOW, I WILL TURN IT OVER TO YOU, ELLA MAXWELL.
>>WELL, THANK YOU.
I AM AT HOERR NURSERY AS WELL.
I AM A HORTICULTURALIST.
I BROUGHT A SHOW AND SHARE BECAUSE WE CAN’T FORGET MOM WITH AN EASTER BASKET OR A MAY BASKET.  SO I MADE A LITTLE BASKET HERE WITH SOME BEAUTIFUL PLANTS.
SO YOU CAN VISIT THE NURSERY.
I ADDED BASIL BECAUSE THAT WOULD BE GREAT FOR THE KITCHEN GARDEN, AND THEN SOME LITTLE ANNUALS, LITTLE CALIBRACHOA HERE.
YOU CAN USE THE EASTER GRASS, THE EASTER BASKET, LITTLE PLASTIC EGGS, AND ENJOY THAT, AND THEN, OF COURSE, THERE IS ALWAYS LITTLE THINGS TO TUCK IN.
I JUST LOVE BUNNIES.
I COLLECT BUNNIES.
SO HERE WAS A LITTLE DECORATION, BUT MAYBE MORE PRACTICAL IS MOM ALWAYS LOVES GLOVES.
AND ELLA ALWAYS LOVES GLOVES.
>>AND EVERYONE ON THIS TABLE!
(LAUGHING)
>>THINK ABOUT THIS, DOING SOMETHING SPECIAL FOR MOM, AND SHE WILL REALLY APPRECIATE HER HOLIDAYS.
>>VERY CUTE.
THANK YOU, ELLA.
I DO LIKE THESE GLOVES.
LOOK HOW ATTRACTIVE THOSE GO TOGETHER.
THANKS SO MUCH.
>>YOU BET.
>>WE WILL GO TO A SPECIAL “DID YOU KNOW” RIGHT NOW.
I REMEMBER READING “THE TULIP NOIRE” IN FRENCH CLASS IN, BLACK TULIP.  WHEN YOU LOOK AT IT, OR ANY BLACK FLOWER, IT LOOKS DARK PURPLE.
THAT’S WHY WE FOUND OUT, NO TRUE BLACK.
KEEP WORKING EVERYONE WHO IS WORKING ON THAT.
TULIP NOIRE.
HOW DID I DO?
THAT WAS FROM A FEW YEARS AGO, FRENCH CLASS!
LET’S GO TO THE PHONE LINES, AND IT IS A CALL FROM EDWARD, A QUESTION ABOUT MULCH.
>>CALLER: HI THERE.
>>WHAT IS YOUR QUESTION?
>>CALLER: MY WIFE SAYS ALL MULCH SHOULD STAY UNTIL END OF WINTER.
WE HAVE A LOT OF HOSTAS, WHAT TYPE OF MULCH IS BEST FOR THEM?
>> LET’S START WITH THE FIRST QUESTION, ABOUT SHOULD MULCH BE CHANGED, AND WE MIGHT HAVE DIFFERENT ANSWERS.
WHO WANTS TO DIG IN?
DO YOU CHANGE YOUR MULCH OR LEAVE IT AND ADD?
>>I LEAVE MINE.
>>I LEAVE MINE AND ADD.
>>KAREN?
>> I LEAVE IT AND ADD.
>>ELLA?
>> YES, AND I WAS GOING TO TALK MORE ABOUT THAT WITH ONE OF MY E-MAILS.
SO YES.
>>LET’S STOP WITH LEAVE IT AND ADD.
I DON’T EVER CHANGE MINE.
>>CONVINCE HER TO KEEP THE MULCH AND, EDWARD, YOU CAN GO AHEAD AND HAVE IT KIND OF FLUFF IT BACK UP.
IF YOU NEED TO ADD A LITTLE BIT MORE, BUT AS IT BREAKS DOWN, IT WILL ADD NUTRIENTS TO THE SOIL SURFACE AND ALSO IT JUST HELPS TO ENRICH THE SOIL AND—
>>THE WORMS WILL ACTUALLY COME OUT, TAKE THE MULCH DOWN SO IT IMPROVES THE SOIL AND HELPS—WELL, THE WORMS WILL EAT WHAT THEY NEED, AND THEN THEY WILL FERTILIZE WITH THEIR WORM DROPPINGS OR WHAT DO YOU CALL IT—
>>CASTINGS.
>>CASTINGS.
>>HOSTA.
>>I WOULD SAY THE HOSTA REALLY DON’T MIND.  THE HOSTA DON’T EVEN REALLY HAVE TO HAVE MULCH.
IT JUST MAKES IT LOOK PRETTIER.
SOME PEOPLE FEEL IN YEARS MOIST OR WET, YOU WILL HAVE MORE OF A SLUG PROBLEM, THE MORE YOU ADD HUMID DAMP ENVIRONMENT.
I WOULD SAY MULCH IS PRETTY—
>>(LAUGHING) YEAH.
>>BUT THE HOSTA AREN’T PICKY.
>>YEAH.
I THINK THERE IS TWO SCHOOLS OF THOUGHT ON HOSTAS.
SO IT JUST DEPENDS HOW MANY SLUGS YOU HAVE IN YOUR GARDEN.
BUT I THINK MULCH ADDS SO MUCH WATER HOLDING, YOU ALMOST DO WANT TO HAVE THAT.
>>CONTROLS WEEDS.
>>CONTROLS WEEDS, EXACTLY AND IT IMPROVES THE SOIL.
I OFF SAY MULCH IS MY MIDDLE NAME.
I HAVE TO SAY THAT BECAUSE IT IS REALLY NOT TRUE.
BUT I DO LIKE MULCH!
THANK YOU VERY MUCH, EDWARD, FOR THAT QUESTION AND HOPE WE HELPED YOU.
MOVE ON TO LINE TWO, AND PHYLLIS HAS A RED SUNSET MAPLE QUESTION.
HI, PHYLLIS.
>>CALLER: HI, WE PLANTED FIVE, SIX INCH RED MAPLE LAST FALL.
THE TRUNK WAS ALREADY COVERED FOR THE WINTER PROTECTION.
WHEN WE UNCOVERED IT A FEW WEEKS AGO, WE NOTICED AT THE BOTTOM, STRAIGHT UP THE TRUNK, 24 INCHES UP HIGH, THERE IS A SLIT IN THE TRUNK THAT IS ABOUT THREE QUARTERS INCH AT THE BOTTOM AND GRADUALLY GETS UP TO HALF INCH AT THE TOP.
IS THERE ANY KIND OF TREATMENT WE NEED TO DO TO THAT?
>> DID YOU MENTION WHAT SIDE OF THE TRUNK?
>>CALLER: IT IS ON THE NORTH SIDE.
>>MR. ARBORIST, OR—
>>WHEN IT COMES TO IS THERE ANYTHING I CAN DO FOR IT?
THE ANSWER IS NO.
THE BEST THING TO DO IS TO KEEP THE TREE GROWING AS WELL AS YOU CAN.
YOU CAN CERTAINLY FERTILIZE THE TREE.
KEEP IT WATERED.
MULCH THE TREE IS VERY IMPORTANT.
DID YOU SAY WHAT IT WAS CAUSED FROM?
>> PROBABLY A FROST CRACK.
>>SHE MIGHT WANT TO KNOW THAT AS WELL.
>>FROST CRACK HAPPENS WHEN THE SUN HEATS UP THE SOUTH SIDE OF THE BARK, AND NORTH SIDE IS COOLER, AND TEMPERATURES CAN DROP QUICKLY IN THE WINTERTIME.
THE SIDE THAT IS HEATED UP DOESN’T CONTRACT AS MUCH AS THE NORTH SIDE, AND THAT CAUSES THE SPLITTING AND OPENING OF THE BARK.
YOU HAD SAID IT WAS COVERED DURING THE WINTER WHICH NORMALLY THAT IS THE WAY TO PREVENT IT.
BUT, UNFORTUNATELY, THAT’S NOT A HUNDRED PERCENT PREVENTION.
SO IN YOUR CASE, THAT IS WHAT HAPPENED.
>>AND WITH RED MAPLES, HOW QUICKLY THEY GROW.
SHE SHOULD EVEN SEE THIS SUMMER THE BEGINNING HEALING, AND IT IS A LUMPING ALONG THERE, AND THAT’S A VERY GOOD SIGN THAT THAT WOUND IS GOING TO HEAL OVER IN PROBABLY, WHAT, YEAR, TWO YEARS?
>>IT CAN HEAL OVER.
OCCASIONALLY I WILL SEE ONE REOPEN.
>>BUT IN A LOT OF CASES THEY DO HEAL OVER.
>>NOTHING TO BE CONCERNED ABOUT.
>>RIGHT.
>>IT COULD HAPPEN ON OTHER TREES.
IT IS NOT JUST MAPLES.
>>CORRECT.
>>SO I THINK YOU WILL BE JUST FINE.  GOOD.
THANK YOU FOR ANSWERING THAT QUESTION.
NOW, ON LINE THREE, CAROL HAS A QUESTION ABOUT ARBOR VITAE.
>>CALLER: HI.
I HAVE ARBOR VITAES 15 FEET TO 25 FEET.
IT GOES WITH WHAT YOU WERE TALKING ABOUT EARLIER.
THEY WERE VERY BROWN.
IF I WOULD CUT OUT THE BROWN, I WOULD LOSE ABOUT 80% OF THE TREE.
I PUT ON FERTILIZER THAT I HAVE USED FOR HOLLY AND HYDRANGEAS, AND I DON’T KNOW WHAT ELSE I CAN DO.
>>WELL, YOU ARE DOING AS MUCH AS YOU CAN DO.
YOU CAN TRIM OUT.
IF YOU WANT TO WAIT AND SEE IF ANY OF THE BRANCHES PRODUCE BUDS AND NEW GROWTH TO REPLACE THEM, MAYBE YOU DON’T WANT TO DO THAT SEVERE OF PRUNING UNTIL YOU SEE IF THE TREE ITSELF OR THE ARBOR VITAE THEMSELVES ARE ABLE TO RECOVER FROM THAT.
BECAUSE ONCE YOU CUT IN AND YOU REMOVE INTO WHAT IS CALLED THE DEAD WOOD IN THE CENTER, IT NOT REALLY DEAD, BUT IT IS CALLED THAT BECAUSE THERE IS NO FOLIAGE.
THEN IF YOU START TRIMMING YOUR ARBOR VITAE BACK INTO THAT CENTER DEAD AREA THAT WON’T GROW OUT, THEN IT IS TOO SEVERE, AND YOU PROBABLY ARE NOT GOING TO BE ABLE TO SAVE THEM.
SO THE FIRST THING I WOULD DO, YOU HAVE ALREADY TAKEN CARE OF THEM BY FERTILIZING THEM.
AGAIN, I WOULD PROBABLY JUST GIVE IT SOME TIME, AND IT IS GOING—WITH IT SUCH A LONG SPRING, WINTER, WHERE THINGS ARE NOT REALLY HAPPENING YET, I WOULD GO AHEAD AND I’D WAIT UNTIL MIDDLE OF MAY OR SO.
THEN YOU WILL HAVE TO DECIDE WHAT YOU CAN CUT OUT.
>>I THINK ALWAYS A GOOD RULE OF THUMB, TOO, COME MIDDLE OF MAY, CUT OUT WHAT DEFINITELY NEVER GREW AND THEN LOOK AT IT AND SAY “CAN I LIVE WITH THIS FOR A COUPLE OF YEARS TO SEE IF IT CAN GROW OUT OR IS IT TOO HORRIBLE LOOKING?”
>>POTENTIAL ON PLANTS IS ALWAYS THE KEY.
ARBOR VITAE, UNFORTUNATELY, ARE NOT QUITE LIKE SOME OF THE OTHERS IN TERMS OF RECOVERY WHEN YOU HAVE VERY SEVERE DAMAGE.
SO, AGAIN, WITH ARBOR VITAE, WOULD KIND OF DO AWAIT AND SEE.
AS KAREN POINTED OUT, WHAT IS THE POTENTIAL OF THE PLANT GOING TO BE.
>>THIS IS JUST A VERY INTERESTING WINTER.  IT WAS A WINTER.
>>AND ARBOR VITAES ARE DROUGHT INDICATOR PLANT.
THEY SUFFERED A LOT FROM LAST YEAR’S CONDITIONS, AND THIS WINTER DIDN’T CUT THEM ANY SLACK.
>>BECAUSE IT WAS FROZEN AND COULDN’T TAKE UP MOISTURE.
>>THEY LOSE BROWN.
IT SHOULD FALL OUT.
IF THE BROWN DOESN’T FALL OUT, THE BRANCH IS DEAD.
THE LITTLE BRANCH WHICH WILL FALL OUT IF IT IS HEALTHY.
>>THERE IS HOPE.
THAT’S GREAT.
WE WILL DO ANOTHER ROUND OF E-MAILS OR SHOW AND TELL, WHICH EVER YOU MIGHT WANT TO.
DAVE, DO YOU WANT TO START?
>> SURE.  MY E-MAIL IS FROM BETTY DEADMUN IN LONG VIEW, ILLINOIS.
A LITTLE LENGTHY.
BEAR WITH ME.
I NEED HELP WITH MY 2014 FRUIT TREE PRUNING.
I HAVE THREE APPLE TREES, TWO PEACH TREES, TWO CHERRY TREES, AND ONE BARTLETT PEAR TREE.
I HAD NO FRUIT IN 2012.
REMEMBER THE FREEZE, AND THEN THE DROUGHT.
I FINALLY PRUNED THEM ALL FIRST TIME, EARLY MARCH 2013, AND MOST OF THE TREES FLOURISHED.
GOOD THING, THAT’S WHAT YOU SHOULD DO.
ONE PEACH TREE AND ONE GOLDEN DELICIOUS APPLE TREE ARE REALLY OLD, AND I AM WORRIED MY NEGLECT MAY HAVE PERMANENTLY HARMED THEM.
THE OLD PEACH TREE IS HALF THE SIZE IT WAS IN 2012, BUT IT LOOKS REALLY HEALTHY.
WITH THE NUMEROUS WINTER BUDS, AND IT PRODUCED A TON OF PEACHES LAST YEAR, SO MUCH SO THREE LIMBS BROKE LATE SUMMER.
THIS OLD GOLDEN DELICIOUS APPLE IS QUARTER OF SIZE OF 2012 SIZE, SEVERAL LARGE LIMBS DIED FROM THE DROUGHT.
I PRUNED THEM OFF LAST SPRING AND STILL IT PRODUCED A LOT OF APPLES LAST YEAR.  BUT IT BROKE THREE SMALL LIMBS FROM.
RIGHT NOW IT HAS ONE SMALL DEAD LIMB, BUT THERE ARE BUDS WHERE IT OVERHANGS MY TOOL SHED.  HOWEVER, I AM WONDERING IF IT IS DYING, HOW WOULD YOU GO ABOUT PRUNING THE APPLE TREE AND PEACH TREE?
IT HAS BEEN SO COLD, I AM NOT SO SURE ABOUT THAT.
I DVR ‘ED YOUR SHOW, AND IF YOU COULD UPDATE US WHEN THIS REALLY COLD WINTER WOULD BE BEST,
THAT WOULD HELP.
THANK YOU VERY MUCH.
LOVE YOUR SHOW, AND I WATCH EVERY WEEK.
THANK YOU, BETTY.
WE SURE APPRECIATE YOU WATCHING EVERY WEEK.
CONCERNING YOUR TREES, IT IS A LITTLE BIT HARD TO HAVE NEGLECTED THEM TOO MUCH.
SOMETIMES WHEN PEACH TREES ARE LITTLE BIT YOUNGER, THAT’S REALLY WHEN THEY NEED TO BE TRIMMED FOR FORM, BUT MOST PEOPLE DO NOT TRIM THEIR FRUIT TREES AS OFTEN AS THEY SHOULD.
WHEN IT COMES TO PRUNING THEM, I BROUGHT IN A SAMPLE OF SOME INCORRECT PRUNING, AND I WILL HOLD UP MY PAPER AGAIN SO YOU CAN SEE THIS.
BUT THIS IS A CASE WHERE PEOPLE—SOMEONE HAS TRIMMED THE BRANCH, BUT THEY DID NOT CUT IT BACK TO A PROPER PLACE.
YOU ARE NOT GOING TO BE ABLE TO SEE, BUT RIGHT HERE—KAREN, CAN YOU HOLD THAT FOR ME.
>>THE BRANCH—
>>THE PAPER.
THERE YOU GO.
RIGHT IN HERE IS A BUD.
SO THERE IS REALLY ABOUT THIS MUCH THAT IS LEFT BEHIND OF THEY SHOULD HAVE CUT IT BACK A LITTLE MORE TOWARDS THE BUD OR THEY SHOULD HAVE CUT BACK HERE TO A BRANCH.
WHAT YOU DON’T WANT TO LEAVE ARE THESE STUBS THAT YOU SEE HERE.
HERE IS AN EXAMPLE OF WHAT HAPPENS IF YOU LEAVE THE STUB ON SAME BRANCH.  HERE IS A STUB THAT WAS LEFT, AND YOU CAN SEE THAT THE BARK IS STARTING TO FALL OFF.
IT IS BLACKENING AND IT IS DEAD.
THOSE DO NOT EVER GROW OUT THAT’S WHY YOU DON’T WANT TO LEAVE STUBS.  THIS REALLY OUGHT TO BE PRUNED OFF RIGHT HERE SO THAT THIS PARTICULAR AREA DOESN’T GET DECAY INTO THE TREE OR ANYTHING BAD HAPPENS TO IT.
IT IS PROBABLY NOT THIS SERIOUS, BUT IT IS NOT THE BEST WAY TO DO IT.
WHEN IT COMES TO TRIMMING YOUR TREE, ALWAYS TRIM THE DEAD TREE—THE DEADWOOD OUT FIRST, AND YOU HAVE BEEN DOING THAT.
SO THAT’S FANTASTIC.
THEN IF YOU NEED TO THIN IT OUT, IF YOU HAVE GOT ANY WATER SPROUTS COMING UP FROM UP IN TREE, BRANCHES FROM LAST YEAR WHERE THEY MAY GROW STRAIGHT UP, THAT’S CALLED A WATER SPROUT, ALL THOSE NEED TO COME OUT.
THAT’S VERY COMMON ON FRUIT TREES, CRAB APPLES, ANYTHING IN THE PRUNUS CHERRY FAMILY.
ANYTHING COMING UP FROM THE BASE OF THE TRUNK ARE CALLED SUCKERS, AND THOSE NEED TO BE TRIMMED OFF.
SO ONCE YOU TRIMMED OUT YOUR DEADWOOD, ONCE YOU TRIMMED OUT WATER SPROUTS AND YOUR SUCKERS DOWN AT THE BASE, THEN ANY BRANCHES THAT ARE KIND OF CROSSING OVER ONE ANOTHER, YOU NEED TO KIND OF CUT ONE OF THEM OFF SO IT IS GONE, AND THEN YOU HAVE GOT ONE BRANCH INSTEAD OF THE TWO RUBBING AGAINST EACH OTHER.
THAT’S REALLY THE VERY BASICS OF HOW TO TRIM.
THAT WAS VERY GOOD.
IT IS NOT THAT EASY TO GIVING PRUNING BASICS.
THAT WAS VERY GOOD.
THANK YOU, DAVE.
>>SURE.
>>KAREN?
>>I HAVE E-MAIL ABOUT LANDSCAPE REPLACEMENT.
THE PERSON, DIDN’T GET THEIR NAME, BUT THEY HAD A PUSSYWILLOW SHOULD BE QUITE OVERGROWN, NEAR A GRAVEL, ALONG WALKWAY TO AN ENTRY.
THEY WILL CUT IT DOWN AND REPLACE WITH SOMETHING ELSE, ANY SUGGESTIONS?
LOOKING AT THIS PICTURE, I AM NOT SURE WHICH WAY THE EXPOSURE IS, BUT THIS IS A COMMON PROBLEM A LOT OF PEOPLE HAVE WITH HOUSES WHERE THE BUILDERS PUT THE SIDEWALKS WHERE WE CAN’T HAVE PRETTY BEDS ALONG THE BUILDINGS.
SO THIS TREE DOES LOOK LIKE IT HAS GOTTEN SOME DEAD AREAS SO IT IS PROBABLY TIME TO GO.
THE PROBLEM YOU ARE GOING TO HAVE IS THAT ALONG THAT WALKWAY, THAT IS SO NARROW, YOU DON’T REALLY WANT TO HAVE ANYTHING TALLER THAN THE PERSON WALKING BY IT, WHERE THEIR ARMS OR BAGS WOULD BE HITTING IT.
WOULDN’T DO ANYTHING LIKE ROSES MANY I AM NOT SURE HOW MUCH SUN THAT GETS.
YOU MIGHT HAVE TO DO LOWER PERENNIALS OR DWARF SHRUBS ALONG THERE.
ALSO THINK OF VERTICALITY, A TRELLIS A BIG ONE ALONG THERE, DEPENDING HOW MUCH SUN OR SHADE, THERE ARE DIFFERENT CLEMATIS OR CLIMBING ROSES THAT WOULD WORK OUT.
AT LEAST YOU HAVE A LITTLE BIT MORE ROOM THAN ME.  MY SIDEWALK TO GARAGE IS 18 INCHES.  SO IT IS A TOUGH LITTLE SPOT.
KEEP IN MIND, DON’T DO ANYTHING LIKE ROSES OR SOMETHING WITH THORNS TO GRAB PEOPLE BECAUSE IT IS SUCH A NARROW AREA.
>>GOOD ADVICE, ELLA.
>>I HAVE A QUESTION FROM A VIEWER ABOUT WHETHER OR NOT THEY NEED TO CLEAN UP THE OLD LEAVES FROM LAST FALL IN THEIR PERENNIAL BEDS.
THE IMPORTANT THING IS I WOULD SAY YES.
IT WILL HELP TO REDUCE SLUG DAMAGE.  IF YOU HAVE MULCH DOWN, CAN YOU SLIGHTLY RAKE OFF UNTIL YOU HIT THE MULCH LAYER OR RAKE OFF THE DEAD LEAVES AND GET A—AND PUT DOWN SOME NEW MULCH.
BUT IT REALLY DOES NEED A WINTER TIDY UP TO REDUCE INSECT PROBLEMS, ALSO ANY DISEASE PROBLEMS FROM THE OLD FOLIAGE FROM LAST YEAR.
SO SPEND SOME TIME ON A NICE WEEKEND AND GET YOUR BEDS CLEANED UP.
>>I DID THAT YESTERDAY, AND GET LEAVES SO THICK AND WET—YEAH, NEED TO MOVE THOSE AROUND.
>>ALL RIGHT, I NOTICED WE HAVE A STRAWBERRY QUESTION.
SO I WANT TO GO TO LINE FIVE, AND RUTH HAS A QUESTION FOR US.  HI, RUTH?
>>CALLER: HI.
I JUST PLANTED SOME STRAWBERRIES THIS SPRING.
I PUT THEM IN A RAISED BED IN THE YARD.
NOW, I WAS TOLD SOME PEOPLE SAY YOU DON’T—PULL OFF THE BERRIES THE FIRST YEAR AND SOME PEOPLE SAY IT DOESN’T MATTER.  SO MY QUESTION IS DO I LET THE STRAWBERRIES GO AND EAT THEM AND THEN ALSO IT IS NOT A QUESTION, BUT I JUST WANT TO KNOW—I GUESS IT IS THANKSGIVING CACTUS, AND I HAD OVER 200 BLOOMS ON THAT CACTUS THIS YEAR AND IT IS BLOOMING AGAIN.
I PROBABLY GOT RIGHT AT A HUNDRED BLOOMS ON THAT CACTUS AGAIN.
WOW.
>>CONGRATULATIONS.
>>EXCELLENT.
>>CONGRATULATIONS AND EAT THOSE STRAWBERRIES!
(LAUGHING).
>>I ALWAYS DO.
I MEAN WHEN I HAVE DONE A COUPLE BEDS.
WHY WOULD YOU PICK THEM OFF?
I GUESS—
>>I HAVE HEARD SOME RULE OF THOUGHT, PUTTING MORE ENERGY INTO THE ROOTS THIS DEVELOPING.
>>BUT THEY ARE SO GOOD!
>>I THOUGHT I WAS GOING TO BE DOING IT WRONG, BY I DECIDED, HEY, I AM MAKING THIS EXECUTIVE DECISION.
I WILL EAT THOSE.
YOU CAN—IT DIDN’T HURT MY STRAWBERRY PATCH.
I JUST DIVIDED 15 OUT OF MINE, AND YOU CAN’T EVEN TELL.
>>WITH A LOT OF THINGS, IF THE BED IS GOOD, YOU HAVE A GOOD SOIL, ADEQUATE MOISTURE THE FIRST YEAR, THEY WILL ESTABLISH NO MATTER WHAT.
>>ONCE THEY GET GOING, THEY DON’T STOP.
SO, YEAH.
>>WELL, GOOD, I FEEL GOOD ABOUT THAT.
SAY, WE HAVE A LADY BUG QUESTION ON LINE ONE.  HI THERE, FAY.
>>CALLER: HELLO.
>>YES, WHAT IS YOUR QUESTION?
>>CALLER: WELL, I DON’T LIKE ANY KIND OF BUG.
I DON’T TOLERATE IT.
I ASKED SOME GARDENERS WHAT CAN I DO ABOUT LADY BUGS, AND THEY SAID NOTHING.
THEY DIDN’T KNOW WHAT TO DO.
BUT THEY ARE GETTING INTO MY HOUSE, AND ON MY CEILING AND ON MY BED.
>>SO WE HAVE A SHORT TIME LEFT.
WHAT WOULD YOU FOLKS TELL HER?
>> USE YOUR VACUUM CLEANER TO SUCK THEM UP AND DON’T GIVE ANY THOUGHT ABOUT THEM—AND DON’T USE ANY INSECTICIDES INSIDE, AND THEY ARE REALLY NOT GOING TO HURT YOU.
THEY ARE NOT GOING TO MULTIPLY INDOORS.  THEY CAN’T BREED INSIDE.
SUCK THEM UP, AND—OR HAVE YOUR GRANDDAUGHTER COME OVER AND CLEAN FOR YOU.
>>THEY ARE ASIAN LADY BEETLES, TECHNICALLY, THEY ARE NOT THE BENEFICIAL LADY BUGS.
>>JUST A NUISANCE.
THEY ARE NOT A PROBLEM OTHER THAN THAT.
>>ASIAN ONES WOULDN’T BE IN OUR HOUSE.
>>YEAH!
(LAUGHING)
>>A LOT OF PEOPLE ARE GOING TO HAVE THAT SAME ISSUE.
THANK YOU, THREE, FOR BEING HERE.
I APPRECIATE THE HOERR NURSERY FOLKS.  WE THANK YOU FOR WATCHING.
WE WANT TO WISH NICKY THE BEST.
DANG, WE DON’T WANT YOU TO LEAVE!
THANKS SO MUCH.
BYE-BYE.

Air Dates and Times

Channel Day Time
WILL-TV, Urbana Thursdays 7 pm (live)
  Saturdays 11 am (repeat)
WTVP-TV, Peoria Saturdays 10:30 am
WEIU-TV, Charleston Sundays 4:30 pm
WILL-AM/90.9 HD2 & HD3, Urbana Saturdays 6:30 am
WSEC-TV, Springfield Saturdays 11 am
WQEC-TV, Quincy Saturdays 11 am
WMEC-TV, Macomb Saturdays 11 am
WYCC-TV, Chicago Wednesdays 1 pm

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