Mid-American Gardener: evergreen trees, walnut tree production, hostas, hard maple and more

March 13, 2014

Horticulture expert Dianne Noland, special guest panelists Kaizad Irani, Jennifer Nelson and Bill Vander Weit discuss over-watering issues with evergreen trees, male and female walnut tree production, how and when to divide hosta plants, the resilience of the knockout rose, hard maple transplanting and much more. Jennifer Nelson shows how to get a jump on spring planting by growing lettuce in a pot or by using paper rolls as a starter kit before transplanting them into your garden.

                    >>> HELLO, GARDENERS.
THANK YOU FOR JOINING US FOR MID-AMERICAN GARDENER.
THIS IS THE TIME OF THE YEAR WHEN WE WANT TO TALK ABOUT PLANTS, WARM WEATHER, PLANTS, AND WARM WEATHER!
THAT’S WHAT WE ARE GOING TO DO TODAY, AND WE ARE GLAD THAT YOU HAVE JOINED US.
I AM DIANNE NOLAND, AND I TEACH HORTICULTURE AT THE UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS IN THE CROP SCIENCES DEPARTMENT.
I WILL ANSWER PERENNIALS AND CUT FLOWER QUESTIONS.
THERE ARE THREE HIGHLY TALENTED PEOPLE HERE WHO ALSO WANT IT TO BE SPRING.
I WILL INTRODUCE THEM AND LET THEM GIVE THEIR EXPERTISE AREAS AND GO INTO SHOW AND TELL.
KAIZAD IRANI, LET’S START WITH YOU.
>>THAT WOULD BE MY NAME.
I AM KAIZAD. I TEACH HORTICULTURE.  PRIMARILY MY BACKGROUND IS IN LANDSCAPE DESIGN AND I AM PROGRAM DIRECTOR AT PARKLAND COLLEGE AND ALSO TEACH AT THE UNIVERSITY.
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS RELATED TO DESIGN OR PLANT PLACEMENT, I WOULD BE HAPPY TO TRY TO ANSWER THAT.
>>GO RIGHT ON INTO IT.
>>THE QUESTION I HAVE OR CONCERN FROM A CALLER ABOUT AN EVERGREEN TREE.
THEY HAD A TREE MOVED IN JULY WITH TREE SPADE, THEY HAVE BEEN WATERING SEVERAL MONTHS.
ONE EVENING, APPARENTLY, A LITTLE BOO BOO HAPPENED WHERE THE WATER WAS NOT SHUT OFF FOR 18 HOURS.
THAT’S A LOT OF WATER FOR AN EVERGREEN.
>>WOW!
>>(LAUGHING) APPARENTLY UNDERNEATH THE TREE, THEY HAVE NOTICED LOWER BRANCHES BROWNING.
YES, THAT’S DUE TO OVERWATERING.
YOUR CONCERN IF THE TREE IS ALIVE, KEEP AN EYE ON IT AS LONG AS YOU DON’T SEE NEEDLES OR BRANCHES TURN BROWN FROM THE TOP DOWN.
HOPEFULLY PRUNE OFF THE DEAD.
EASE OFF.
I AM SURE YOU HAVEN’T WATERED SINCE THEN.
DON’T GIVE UP COMPLETELY.
YOU HAVE TRANSPLANTED THE TREE, JUST FOLLOW REGULAR WATERING SCHEDULES WHEN THE GROUND BREAKS AND FROST BREAKS AND WE GET DECENT WEATHER.
THAT’S THE EVERGREEN DILEMMA.
>>WELL-DRAINED SITE.
>>ABSOLUTELY.
NOT KNOWING WHAT SOIL IT IS.
BECAUSE WE HAVE HAD ISSUES WITH WATER, AND WE WILL CONTINUE TO.
KEEP AN EYE ON THE TREE.
>>WOW.
HANG IN THERE, PEOPLE WHO WATER FOR 18 HOURS!
(LAUGHING) THANKS, KAIZAD.
NOW, LET’S GO TO YOU, BILL. BILL VANDER WEIT IN THE MIDDLE.
I AM A CERTIFIED ARBORIST.  MY SPECIALTY IS TREES.
I HAVE A QUESTION FROM A VIEWER ABOUT ENGLISH WALNUTS THAT WERE PLANTED.
THEY LEAFED OUT IN THE THIRD SEASON.
ONE OF THE WALNUTS, MAIN SHOOT WAS DEAD, AND IT SENT UP THREE SHOOTS FROM THE ROOTS.
THEY ARE ABOUT AN INCH APART AROUND THE DEAD WOOD.
SEVERAL QUESTIONS.
SHOULD WE CUT OFF ALL BUT ONE SHOOT?
WILL IT BECOME A TREE THAT WILL STILL PRODUCE?
IF NOT, WILL ONE ENGLISH WALNUT PRODUCE BY ITSELF?
IS IT POSSIBLE TO DIG IT UP AND SEPARATE EACH SPROUT WITH PIECE OF ROOT TO MAKE MORE TREES?
>> FIRST OF ALL, YES, I WOULD TAKE IT DOWN TO ONE SHOOT.
I WOULD SELECT THE BEST OUT OF THE THREE.
YOU MIGHT GIVE IT ANOTHER YEAR TO SEE WHICH IS THE MOST VIGOROUS.
WILL IT BECOME A TREE THAT WILL PRODUCE?
MAYBE.
ENGLISH WALNUTS, WHICH ARE CALLED PERSIAN WALNUTS ARE SELF-POLLINATING.  HOWEVER, THERE IS A PROBLEM, SOMETIMES THE MALE FLOWER WILL BE PRODUCED BEFORE THE FEMALE, COULD BE KILLED OFF BY EARLY FROST, AND HENCE, THERE WILL BE NO NUT PRODUCTION.
HOWEVER, THERE ARE CERTAIN CULTIVARS THAT ARE GOOD SELF- POLLINATORS.
I DON’T KNOW WHAT YOU HAVE.
TYPICALLY EXPERTS TELL US IF YOU ARE GOING TO HAVE A NUT TREE, AT LEAST PLANT TWO.
IF THEY WON’T SELF-POLLINATE, THEN THE TREES WILL CROSS- POLLINATE.
THE SHOOT ITSELF, IF YOU WERE TO LET IT GO UP, THE ENGLISH WALNUTS ARE GRAFTED TREES.
SO THE ROOT STOCK WILL BE DIFFERENT FROM THE SIGN WHICH WILL BE THE TOP PART OF THE TREE.
WE CAN’T GUARANTEE WHAT IS COMING OFF THAT ROOT IS GOING TO BE A PURE ENGLISH WALNUT.
IT COULD BE A CROSS BETWEEN CALIFORNIA BLACK WALNUT AND ENGLISH WALNUT.
SO IT IS NOT GOING TO BE THE SAME THE OTHER QUESTION, IS IT POSSIBLE TO DIG IT UP AND SEPARATE WITH A PIECE OF ROOT.
I WOULD SAY NO, ESPECIALLY GIVEN THE SIZE ON THE ROOTS OF A YOUNG TREE LIKE THAT.
IF YOU GIVE THAT TREE UP AND GET ANOTHER TREE, YOU COULD ALWAYS EXPERIMENT AND PROVE ME A LIAR.
GIVE IT A SHOT.
I WOULD BE SKEPTICAL ABOUT THE SUCCESS OF THAT.
>>SO INTERESTING THE MALE AND FEMALE FLOWERS CAN BE AT DIFFERENT TIMES.
THAT’S VERY INTERESTING.
>>YEAH.
I THINK SOME OF THE CULTIVARS THAT SOME OF THE MIDWESTERN EXTENSION OUTLETS WILL RECOMMEND THAT ARE RELIABLY SELF-POLLINATE KIND OF PRODUCE THEIR FLOWERS LATER IN THE YEAR SO THEY WILL NOT GET ZAPPED BY THE FROST.
>>IN ENGLAND, THEY COULD PRODUCE THEM EARLIER, MARITIME CLIMATE, OR OTHER PLACES.
>>SURE.
>>SOUTH OF HERE.
VERY GOOD.
THANK YOU FOR THAT DISCUSSION.
I LEARNED A LOT.
LET’S GO NEXT TO YOU, JENNIFER NELSON.
HI, I AM JENNIFER NELSON, A HORTICULTURE EDUCATOR WITH U OF I EXTENSION.
I BROUGHT A SHOW AND TELL THIS EVENING.  AS DIANNE PUT IT, I BROUGHT SPRING WITH ME TODAY.
THIS IS HOMEWORK FOR EVERYBODY.
EVERYBODY CAN DO THIS RIGHT NOW THIS TIME OF YEAR OF YOU ARE EAGER TO GET OUT IN THE GARDEN, BUT IT IS WAY TO WET.
SOIL IS TOO CHILLY AND WET.
PLANT SOME IN POTS.
IT IS GREAT WAY TO EXERCISE YOUR GARDENING MUSCLE.
IN THIS POT IS RED LEAF LETTUCE.
IN THIS OTHER POT IS KALE, ALL THE COOL HORTICULTURE PEOPLE ARE GROWING KALE, AND ALL THE PEOPLE ON FOOD NETWORK ARE COOKING WITH KALE.
GO AHEAD AND CLIP THIS OFF AS YOU NEED IT, AND IT WILL GROW BACK.
YOU CAN DO THAT PROBABLY TWO OR THREE TIMES BEFORE THE PLANTS ARE DONE WITH.
IF YOU WANTED TO, YOU COULD DO SOME STARTS TO PUT OUT IN YOUR GARDEN IN ANTICIPATION OF BEING ABLE TO PLANT IN YOUR ACTUAL GARDEN.  THESE ARE TOILET PAPER TUBES.
YOU CUT SLITS IN THE BOTTOM AND FOLD THEM OVER AND FILL THEM WITH SEED STARTING MIX.
THESE ARE LETTUCE SEEDLINGS AND KALE SEEDLINGS.
THEY SAY YOU CAN JUST GO AHEAD AND DIRECTLY PLANT THESE OUT IN THE GARDEN.  I THINK THIS IS A LITTLE THICK.
I WOULD PEEL IT BACK AND GO AHEAD AND JUST PLANT THE ROOT BALL BECAUSE SOME ARE GROWING OUT THROUGH THE BOTTOM.
THEY ARE NOT GROWING THROUGH THE CARDBOARD LIKE THEY PROMISED.
IN ALL THIS, YOU PROBABLY HAVE AT HOME.
I HOPE YOU HAVE TWO LET PAPER TUBES AT HOME.
VERY EASY, LOW COST, AND SEEDS OF LETTUCE.
YOU GET SO MANY.
>>OH, YEAH, ABSOLUTELY.
THROW THEM IN A CONTAINER.
>>BUY DIFFERENT MIX, LEAF LETTUCES THAT YOU LIKE AND PLANT YOUR OWN SPRING MIX.
>>LET EVERYBODY KNOW TO BE COOL WITH KALE.
>>THAT’S RIGHT.
>>VERY TRENDY.
VERY GOOD.
THANK YOU, JENNIFER.
>> YOU ARE WELCOME.
>>NOW, WE HAVE A SPECIAL LITTLE “DID YOU KNOW” VIDEO.
WE WILL GO TO THAT NEXT.
ALWAYS WANT TO BE FRIENDLY, HAVE BE FRIENDLY PLANTS.
THANKS FOR THAT.
LET’S GO TO THE PHONE LINES NEXT, AND WE WILL HEAR FROM LENA ON LINE ONE, AND SHE HAS A QUESTION ABOUT PLANTS.
HI, WHAT IS YOUR QUESTION?
>>LINE ONE, ARE YOU THERE LENA?
I HOPE I AM SAYING YOUR NAME RIGHT, LINE ONE.
>>CALLER: HELLO.
>>YES, WHAT IS YOUR QUESTION?
>>CALLER: I HAVE A VERY LARGE HOSTA PLANT.
I WOULD LIKE TO KNOW HOW AND WHEN TO DIVIDE IT.
>>OKAY.
WHO WANTS—WE CAN PROBABLY ALL DIG IN ON THAT QUESTION, BUT WHO WOULD LIKE TO START.
>>DEFINITELY NOT NOW.
HOSTAS NEED TO BE DIVIDED.
PLUS, AS WE JOKE ABOUT IT IN THE INDUSTRY, THEY ARE LIKE JACK RABBITS. THEY MULTIPLY.
IF YOU HAVE A LARGE HOSTA PLANT, IDEALLY, I, MYSELF, HAVE DONE IT IN SPRING WHEN IT GETS A LITTLE WARMER. A LOT OF PEOPLE LIKE TO DO IN FALL.
BUT SPRING IS FINE, TWO.
THE KEY THING MAKING SURE YOU HAVE A SHARP CUTTING DEVICE LIKE A SHARP—EVEN LIKE A LARGE KNIFE SOMETIMES, SERRATED KNIFE OR LARGE SPADE, LOOK WHERE THE CLUMPS ARE AND CUT THROUGH.
SOME PEOPLE LIKE TO DIG UP THE WHOLE ROOT BALL.  DIFFERENT STROKES FOR DIFFERENT FOLKS.
CAREFULLY MAKE SURE YOU HAVE ENOUGH ROOT MASS IN EACH.
THE KEY THING, HERE IS A SUGGESTION, IF YOU DO IT LATER WHERE IT IS DRY, WATER HOSTA BEFORE YOU DIG IT UP, AND THEN, AS YOU PLANT IT, AS YOU TRANSPLANT IT, MAKE SURE YOU WATER IT.
BUT ANY OTHER THOUGHTS, SUGGESTIONS?
>> I HAVE DONE IT EVEN INTO EARLY TO MID-SUMMER, NOT BECAUSE IT IS THE ADVICE I WOULD GIVE SOMEONE, BUT BECAUSE OF THE CIRCUMSTANCES DICTATE.
WHAT I FOUND THAT MOST OF THE LEAVES DIED BACK, AND THEN IT REGENERATED.
IT WAS FINE, BUT THE WATERING IS KEY AFTER YOU HAVE TRANSPLANTED IT AS WELL.
>>HOSTAS ARE VERY TOUGH, CAN TAKE A LOT OF ABUSE.
I HAVE ACTUALLY HAD PEOPLE CALL ME AND ASK ME HOW TO KILL THEM.
>>AHHH.
>>YOU PROBABLY CAN’T GO WRONG WITH YOUR TECHNIQUE.
>>ANYBODY WHO IS CALLING AND WANTING TO KILL A HOSTA, SHOULD SET THEM OUT AND SAY “FREE PLANTS” BECAUSE PEOPLE WOULD WANT HOSTAS.
>>HERE IS ANOTHER, ON A SIDE NOTE, THERE WAS A YEAR I DUG UP HOSTA, AND THINGS GOT CRAZY.
I ACTUALLY HAD THEM SEPARATED BUT DIDN’T GET A CHANCE TO PUT IT IN.
I HAD IT SITTING ON A PIECE OF BURLAP.  THE BURLAP WAS A LITTLE WET.
LITERALLY, THEY SAT THERE, NOT ADVISING TO DO THIS, AND THEY SURVIVED AND THEY ARE THRIVING ON MY SIDE YARD. THEY DO INCREDIBLY WELL.
>>TRUE CONFESSIONS.
>>THIS SPRING, IT IS CALLED “POINTED BUD STAGE” IF YOU ARE GOING TO GET TO IT RIGHT AWAY.
IT COMES UP LIKE A POINTED BUD, AND THAT’S THE SPRINGTIME.
BUT I KNOW PEOPLE HAVE DONE IT ALL SEASONS, BUT WINTER, ESPECIALLY NOT THIS WINTER.
WELL, THANK YOU FOR THAT QUESTION.
WE ENJOYED THE ANSWER.
I KNEW WE WOULD ALL ENJOY ANSWERING THAT ONE.
WE WILL GO TO LINE TWO NEXT, AND LYNN HAS A QUESTION ABOUT KNOCKOUT ROSES.
HI, LIN.
>>CALLER: HELLO!
>>YES, WHAT IS YOUR QUESTION?
>>CALLER: WE HAVE THREE BEAUTIFUL KNOCKOUT ROSES NEAR OUR PATIO, AND WITH THE WINTER THE WAY IT IS, THEY HAVE BEEN TOTALLY COVERED WITH SNOW DRIFTS.
IT IS GETTING TO BE ABOUT THE TIME THAT WE SHOULD BE CUTTING THEM BACK IF WE ARE GOING TO, AND WE WERE JUST WONDERING SHOULD WE GET THE SNOW OFF OF THEM OR COULD WE TAKE A HOSE WITH WARM WATER OR SOMETHING TO MELT THE SNOW?
WHAT SHOULD WE DO OR SHOULD WE JUST LEAVE THE SNOW AND LET NATURE TAKE ITS COURSE?
>> I THINK THIS IS A QUESTION WE CAN ANSWER TO FOR MANY KINDS OF PLANTS.
>>RIGHT.
I WOULD PERSONALLY NOT ADVISE WARM WATER SITUATION, NOT A GOOD IDEA.
NATURE DOES TAKE ITS COURSE.
YOU CAN BRUSH THEM OFF.
YES, YOU WILL SEE SOME DIE-BACK, AND THEN YOU CAN DO THE PRUNING A LITTLE LATER.
I MEAN IT IS STILL A LITTLE EARLY, BUT IF YOU GET ANTSY OUT THERE, AND THERE ARE KNOCKOUTS AGAIN, KIND OF LIKE THE HOSTA, PRETTY RESILIENT PLANT, YOU WILL HAVE DIE-BACK. BUT DEFINITELY DON’T GET INTO THE WARM WATER THING BECAUSE YOU CAN END UP WITH DAMAGING THE PLANT WITH STEM ROT AND SO ON AND SO FORTH.
>>I THINK YOU WILL ACTUALLY FIND YOU HAVE LESS DIE-BACK BECAUSE THEY HAVE BEEN COVERED IN SNOW.
PROTECTIVE BLANKET IN A WAY, YEAH.
BECAUSE THIS WAS A WINTER, I THINK YOU ARE GOING TO HAVE TO SETBACK SOME OF THE THINGS YOU DO AT THE SAME TIME EVERY YEAR.
>>RIGHT.
>>NOT THIS YEAR.
>>CALENDAR BACK SO TO SPEAK.
LOOK AT THE PLANT, NOT AT THE CALENDAR.
>>RIGHT.
>>BUT, YES, THE SNOWDRIFT IS THE BEST THING THAT CAN HAPPEN TO MOST PLANTS.
FARTHER NORTH THEY GET THAT, AND THEY GET LESS DIE-BACK THAN WE DO, BUT MAYBE NOT THIS YEAR.
THANK YOU, LYNCH THAT WAS A GREAT QUESTION.
>>CALLER: THANK YOU.
>>THANK YOU SO MUCH.
WE APPRECIATE THAT QUESTION BECAUSE A LOT OF PEOPLE HAVE THAT QUESTION.
NOW, LET’S GO TO LINE THREE AND PHILIP.
HELLO THERE.
>>CALLER: HELLO.
>>HI THERE.
WHAT IS YOUR QUESTION?
>>CALLER: I HAVE A QUESTION ABOUT A WISTERIA BUSH.
I HAVE A QUESTION ABOUT TWO WISTERIA BUSHES.
THEY HAVE BEEN IN FOR FIVE YEARS, AND I CAN’T GET THE DARN THING TO BLOSSOM.
WHAT DO I HAVE TO DO TO GET A BLOSSOM ON THE WISTERIA HERE?
>> WE WERE JUST TALKING ABOUT THIS BEFORE THE SHOW.
>> CLASSIC QUESTION.
>>GO, JENNIFER, AND ANYONE ELSE.
WE WERE JUST CHATTING ABOUT IT.
>>I HEARD A LOT OF DIFFERENT WAYS TO GET A WISTERIA TO BLOOM.
ONE WAY I HEARD, YOU HAVE TO STRESS THE PLANT.
YOU CAN TRY TO ROOT PRUNE BY USING A SHOVEL AND KIND OF STRESSING IT BY SEVERING SOME OF THE ROOTS AROUND.
IT ALSO DEPENDS WHAT KIND OF WISTERIA IT IS.
HELP ME HERE, BECAUSE ISN’T THERE A CHINESE WISTERIA, AND A COUPLE DIFFERENT KINDS.
YOU NEED TO KNOW WHICH KINDS YOU HAVE.
>>CALLER: OH, BOY, OKAY.
>>BUT TRYING TO STRESS THE PLANT WILL SOMETIMES MAKE IT FEEL LIKE, “OH, MY GOSH, I MIGHT BE DYING, I NEED TO REPRODUCE,”  AND IT FLOWERS.
>>EVERYTHING FROM SIX TO NINE YEARS BEFORE THEY GET TO THE POINT.
>>THAT’S TRUE.
>>HARD TO TELL.
DEPENDS WHICH KIND OF WISTERIA YOU HAVE.
>>I HAVE HEARD—I MEAN SEVEN YEARS.
WE WILL TELL YOU SOMETHING, AND IT IS A FOUR LETTER WORD “WAIT!”
(LAUGHING) YOU MIGHT STRESS IT AND WAIT.
>>
>>CALLER: I WILL SHARPEN MY SHOVEL!
(LAUGHING)
>>YES.
SCARE IT!
>>THANK YOU, PHILIP.
>>CALLER: THANK YOU VERY MUCH.
BYE-BYE.
>>BYE.
THAT WAS ALWAYS FUN, BUT WE WERE JUST TALKING ABOUT THAT BEFORE THE SHOW.
LETS A HE.  LET’S GO TO CHARLES ABOUT WHITE FRINGE TREE.
HI, CHARLES.
>>CALLER: HELLO.
>>A GREAT TREE, WHAT IS YOUR REQUEST HE?
>>CALLER: QUITE MATURE AND VERY LEGGY.
MY QUESTION IS MOST OF THE GROWTH NOW IS AT THE VERY TIPS, VERY TOP, AND MY QUESTION IS REGARDING IS IT ONE OF THOSE PLANTS THAT YOU HAPPEN TO KNOW ABOUT THAT WOULD TAKE A SEVERE REJUVENATION PRUNING SO TO HAVE IT BUSH OUT AGAIN?
>> SO WHITE FRINGE TREE, IT HAS BEEN MY EXPERIENCE TO TREAT IT A LITTLE BIT MORE LIKE A LILAC.
I DON’T KNOW IF ANY OF YOU HAVE THAT SAME EXPERIENCE, BUT I WOULDN’T STRIP THE WHOLE THING BACK.
IT IS A NATIVE.
IT IS A NATIVE PLANT.
I WOULD TRY TAKING SOME OF THE BIGGER, LARGER TRUNKS OUT FIRST AND USUALLY SAY ABOUT A THIRD AT A TIME.
I KNOW IT WILL LOOK A LITTLE BIT FUNNY, BUT IN THREE YEARS, YOU WILL HAVE A REJUVENATED PLANT.
TREAT IT MORE LIKE A LILAC, AND IT IS A GREAT TREE. WHITE FRINGE TREE IS A BEAUTIFUL NATIVE.
SO I AM LOOKING FORWARD TO HAVING MINE BE THAT OLD SO I CAN DO THAT.
BUT KEEP IT TRIMMED BACK, BUT A THIRD AT A TIME.
BUT YOU TAKE THE WHOLE BRANCH DOWN TO THE BASE AND TRY TO FIGURE OUT WHAT ONE-THIRD OF THE WHOLE SHRUB IS AND REMOVE THAT.
>>CALLER: REMOVE THAT, OKAY.
>>NEXT YEAR, SECOND, AND OLDEST THIRD YEAR WHAT IS LEFT.
YOU WILL HAVE THE NEW GROWTH COME IN AND AROUND, AND IT WILL END UP BEING QUITE ATTRACTIVE.
MAYBE WAIT FIVE YEARS AND DO THAT AGAIN SO IT DOESN’T GET AS OLD.
ANYTHING I LEFT OUT ON REJUVENATING?
>> SOUNDS GREAT.
>>OKAY.
THANK YOU SO MUCH.  I ENJOYED THAT QUESTION A LOT.
NOW, LET’S GO TO LINE FIVE, AND CINDY HAS A HOLLY QUESTION.
HI THERE, CINDY.
>>CALLER: HI.
I PLANTED A BLUE PRINCE HOLLY LAST FALL.
AND IT HAS A COUPLE BRANCHES ON IT THAT ARE BROWN.
I AM JUST CONCERNED—IT IS THAT JUST WINTERKILL?
SHOULD I BE WORRIED ABOUT IT SINCE IT IS A BRAND NEW PLANT?
DO I NEED TO FERTILIZE IT THIS YEAR?
>> HOW MANY PEOPLE HAVE SEEN EVERGREEN HOLLIES WITH BROWN ON IT THIS YEAR?
>> UH-HUH.
>>YEAH.
>>FOUR OF US WITH OUR HANDS BEING HELD UP.
WHAT SHOULD SHE DO BECAUSE WE WILL BE DOING THE SAME THINGS TO OUR’S.
>>PRUNE IT OUT.
>>YEAH.
>>THE BROWN OR DEAD OR DYING WOOD, PRUNE IT.
>>DEFINITELY FERTILIZE THIS YEAR.
IT IS A NEW PLANT.
MAKE SURE IT HAS ADEQUATE WATER.
>> BUT EVEN REALLY ESTABLISHED BLUE PRINCE HOLLY ANY EVERGREEN HOLLY, THE HIGH WIND AND THE TEMPERATURES EXTREMES, EVEN ESTABLISHED ONES WERE TURNING BROWN.
IT IS NOT SURPRISING.
>>NOTHING TO BE ALARMED ABOUT.
>>NO.
>>IT IS JUST THE WAY IT IS.
>>IT IS THE WAY IT IS.
BUT FERTILIZE IT.
>>I’D GO EASY ON THE FERTILIZER, THOUGH.
SOMETIMES IT STRESSES PLANTS.
SOMETIMES IT IS THE WORST THING YOU CAN DO TO A STRESSED PLANT.
FERTILIZER IS NOT TREE FOOD.
THE PLANT MAKES ITS OWN FOOD.
SOMETIMES THE FERTILIZER WILL MAKE THE PLANT DRAWN AND RESERVED AND KIND OF EXHAUSTED.
I MEAN I AM NOT SAYING YOU CAN’T, BUT DO IT—GO EASY ON IT.
>>GREAT POINT.
>>HUMAN NATURE BECAUSE YOU GO, OH, MY GOD, SOMETHING IS NOT RIGHT, FEED IT.
AND SOMETIMES THAT’S DETRIMENTAL.
WHERE MORE IS GOOD AND IT IS DETRIMENTAL.
IN THE CASE OF WATER, YOU WANT TO GIVE IT EVEN, BUT NOT OVERLY.
>>THANK YOU FOR YOUR HOLLY QUESTION.
>>YOU ARE WELCOME.
WE WILL GO BACK TO EACH PANELIST. IF YOU WANT TO DO E-MAIL, KAIZAD, FEEL FREE.
YOU ARE UP.
>>CERTAINLY.
LET ME GET MY EYES BACK ON.
THIS IS A QUESTION ABOUT HARD MAPLE, FAIRLY LARGE EIGHT INCH DIAMETER THAT’S A PRETTY GOOD SIZED HARD MAPLE TRANSPLANTED FROM A NURSERY, WITH TREE SPRAYED, OF COURSE, WATER WITH ROOT FEEDERS.
QUESTION WHAT SHOULD BE ONGOING WATERING PLANT?
YES, ESPECIALLY GIVEN THE TRANSPLANT, BUT DO A REGULAR WATER, REGULAR DEEP WATER, AND THE FREQUENCY, AGAIN, DEPENDING ON—IT IS HARD TO TELL WITH THE SOILS BECAUSE WE ALWAYS REFER TO THE SOILS AND THE TIME OF YEAR OF WHATEVER YOU DO, I MEAN THERE ARE PEOPLE THAT HAVE LEFT HOSES ON.
YOU HEAR LET THE WATER AT A STEADY TRICKLE AND LEFT THE HOSE ON AS OPPOSED TO GIVING IT LARGE COPIOUS AMOUNTS OF WATER AT ONE TIME.
FREQUENT WATERING TENDS TO HELP A LITTLE.
AND AS FAR AS FERTILIZING, I AM NOT—BILL MIGHT BE THE BETTER PERSON ON THIS ONE.
I MEAN A LITTLE BIT, MAYBE THE SAME THING WE TALKED ABOUT BY THE HOLLY NOT GOING TOO BONKERS WITH THE FERTILIZER.
>>OR JUST USING ORGANIC MULCH.
AS THAT DECOMPOSES IT BECOMES A NUTRIENT SOURCE FOR THE TREE.
>>MULCHING WITH COMPOST.
GET GOOD BLACK GOLD AND SPREAD IT AROUND THERE.
BUT, YES, YOU WILL ALSO, A WORD OF CAUTION OR WARNING MORE THAN ANYTHING, GIVEN THE SIZE—I AM GLAD YOU MENTIONED THE SIZE. INSPITE OF HAVING A TREE SPADE, YOU ARE GOING TO RUN—THE TREES WILL GO THROUGH TRANSPLANT STRESS.
THAT’S TYPICAL.
YOU WILL SEE SOME OF THE BRANCHES SHED.
KEEP AN EYE ON THEM AND HOPEFULLY YOU SHOULD BE OKAY.
>>I’D KEEP WATERING A NUMBER OF YEARS, MAYBE EVEN LIKE FIVE.
I HAVE BEEN INVOLVED IN LARGE TREE TRANSPLANTS, AND MADE THE MISTAKE SOMETIMES OF THINKING THE TREE LOOKED GOOD, IT WAS ESTABLISHED AND PULLED OFF THE WATERING AND LOST TREES.
KAIZAD TALKED ABOUT TRANSPLANT.  TYPICALLY WE TALK EVERY INCH OF DIAMETER, ONE YEAR PLUS A YEAR. FOR EIGHT INCH TREE, LOOKING AT MAYBE NINE YEARS FOR IT TO GET TO RESTORED ROOT MASS—OR TO BALANCE OUT WHAT IT HAD WHEN YOU MOVED IT BECAUSE YOU LEAVE A LOT OF ROOTS IN THE SOIL WHEN YOU MOVE IT.
DON’T GIVE UP TOO EARLY ON WATERING THAT’S FOR SURE.
BIG INVESTMENT.
>>I WALKED PAST THE ACER GRISEUM, PAPER BARK, 21-INCH.
I WONDER IF THEY WATERED IT FOR 21 YEARS BECAUSE IT JUST GOT MOVED.
THAT’S INTERESTING, PER INCH PER YEAR.
THAT’S A GOOD ONE.
>>THERE HAS BEEN SOME RESEARCH AT THE MORTON ARBORETUM.
THEY DID TEN INCH TREE AND TOOK 13 INCHES TO RESTORE THE ROOT TO COME BACK WHERE IT WAS BEFORE TRANSPLANT.
>>ADD ON ANOTHER YEAR OR TWO.
>>HERE IS ANOTHER THING, THE WORST ENEMY OF PLANTS IS SOIL COMPACTION.  WHEN YOU USE A TREE SPADE, YOU ARE LITERALLY COMPACTING THE SOIL AROUND, DIGGING A NEW HOLE, YOU HAVE THIS PERFECTLY PACKED NICE, CLEAN HOLE WHICH LOOKS NICE, BUT SOMETIMES YOU HAVE TO—
>>NOT NORMAL.
IT IS NOT.
ANOTHER THING YOU HAVE TO BE CAREFUL.
>>CLAY SOIL CAN BECOME LIKE A DISH.
>>CLAY POT.
YEAH.
>>THAT GOT US REALLY FIRED UP!
(LAUGHING) BILL, LET’S GO TO YOU NEXT.
>>I HAVE A QUESTION ABOUT MAPLES AND BUCKS, AS IN DEER!
FIVE RED MAPLES IN THE AREA OF THE SUBDIVISION, AND THEY GET A SEVERE RUBBING IN THE FALL FROM BUCKS PASSING THROUGH.
WHAT CAN BE DONE TO PREVENT THIS?
YOU NEED TO PHYSICAL EXCLUSION IS WHAT YOU NEED TO DO.
I MEAN THERE IS REPELLANTS AND SUCH THAT ARE SOMETIMES PROPOSED, AND SOMETIMES IT WILL ELIMINATE DEER BROWSING.
BUT WOULDN’T STOP A DEER.
EITHER PUT A FENCE AROUND IT, PUT STEEL STAKES OR REBAR AND WIRE FENCE AROUND IT OR QUITE OFTEN YOU CAN TAKE LIKE CORRUGATED DRAIN TILE AND SLIT ONE END OF THAT, AND THAT CAN PUT THAT AROUND THE TRUNK, AND THAT WILL PROTECT THE TRUNK.
>>YOU GOT TO BE CAREFUL WITH IT, THOUGH BECAUSE YOU CAN ACTUALLY DAMAGE THE TRUNK WHEN YOU PUT IT ON.
YOU CAN GET THE SMALLER FLEXIBLE PLASTIC WRAP THAT WILL GO AROUND THE TREE, I HAVE SEEN PEOPLE PUT THAT ON FIRST THEN THE CORRUGATED DRAIN TILE NOT TO PINCH THE BARK.
PUT IT ON MAYBE LABOR DAY, TAKE IT OFF FIRST DAY OF SPRING.
DON’T WANT TO LEAVE IT ON, BUT THAT OUGHT TO KEEP THE DEER FROM RUBBING THE TRUNK.
>>THAT CAN BE AN ISSUE.
ALL RIGHT.
JENNIFER, ON TO YOU.
>>I HAVE A QUESTION HERE ON DRYING FLOWERS.
THIS VIEWER WRITES THAT THEY HAVE PLANTED BLUE, PINK AND PURPLE HYDRANGEAS, THEY’D LIKE TO DRY THE BLOOMS.  THEY TRIED LETTING THEM DRY IN THE VASE, HANGING THEM UPSIDE DOWN, LEAVING THEM ON THE PLANT WITHOUT SUCCESS.
THEY’D LIKE TO KNOW WHAT IS THE BEST WAY TO PRUNE THEM, KIND OF A CLASSIC QUESTION HERE.
FOR DRYING HYDRANGEAS, I HAVE HAD LUCK LEAVING THEM ON THE PLANT.
BUT THE OTHER WAY I HAVE HEARD THAT IS SUCCESSFUL IS USING SILICA.
YOU CAN USE THE MICROWAVE TO DRY THEM DOWN.
IT IS NORMAL FOR FLOWERS TO NOT RETAIN THE COLOR.
SILICA WILL PRESERVE A LOT OF ITS COLOR.
AS FAR AS PRUNING THEM WILL REALLY DEPEND WHAT KIND OF HYDRANGEA YOU HAVE.
IF YOU HAVE ENDLESS SUMMER SERIES WHICH THEY STARTED BEING SOLD IN THE EARLY 2000S, THOSE ARE NEW WOODS.
ANYTHING THAT IS NEWLY COMING OUT THIS YEAR WOULD POTENTIALLY PRODUCE FLOWERS.
OLDER VARIETIES WILL FLOWER ON OLD WOOD.
THEY DEPEND ON STEMS SURVIVING ABOVE THE GROUND.
IF YOU HAD GOOD SNOW COVER LIKE THE QUESTION WE HAD ON THE ROSES, YOU MIGHT HAVE GOOD LUCK ON OLDER HYDRANGEA VARIETY BLOOMING.
SO WHEN YOU PRUNE IN THE SPRING, I TEND TO JUST PRUNE OUT WHAT IS DEAD AND LEAVE EVERYTHING ELSE AND TRY TO DO SOME GENERAL SHAPING.
BUT I WAIT UNTIL I START TO SEE SOME SIGNS OF LIFE.
DON’T GO OUT THIS WEEKEND.
JUST WAIT.
EVERYONE IS LIKE AT THE STARTING GATE READY TO GO.
THAT’S WHY THEY NEED TO PLANT LETTUCE IN CONTAINERS SO THEY WILL WAIT.
>>THAT’S RIGHT.
>>THANK YOU FOR THAT.
NOW, LET’S GO TO A SPECIAL “DID YOU KNOW” NEXT.
>>
>>ALL RIGHT, WELL, WE CERTAINLY HAD A NICE RANGE OF QUESTIONS, AND WE DON’T REALLY HAVE ENOUGH TIME TO GO TO ANOTHER QUESTION.
BUT WE HOPE ALL OF THE VIEWERS WILL GO TO THE WEB SITE OR CALL IN NEXT WEEK BECAUSE THERE IS ALWAYS SOMETHING IN THE GARDEN.
THERE IS ALWAYS SOMETHING TO BE DOING.
JUST A QUICK SENTENCE OR TWO, OR A WORD OR PHRASE, WHAT SHOULD THEY BE DOING?
>> PLANT LETTUCE.
>>PLANT LETTUCE!
(LAUGHING) THINKING ABOUT PRUNING.
>>YEAH, I MEAN GETS A LITTLE WARM OUT THERE, AND YOU ACTUALLY SEE SOME OF THE SNOW AND ICE GO, IT IS NOT A BAD IDEA.
JUST MAKE SURE THAT YOU DON’T LEAVE ANY SCARS.
>>FOLKS, IT IS JUST THAT QUICK.
THANK YOU FOR WATCHING.
WE WILL SEE YOU NEXT TIME.
BYE-BYE.

 

Air Dates and Times

Channel Day Time
WILL-TV, Urbana Thursdays 7 pm (live)
  Saturdays 11 am (repeat)
WTVP-TV, Peoria Saturdays 10:30 am
WEIU-TV, Charleston Sundays 4:30 pm
WILL-AM/90.9 HD2 & HD3, Urbana Saturdays 6:30 am
WSEC-TV, Springfield Saturdays 11 am
WQEC-TV, Quincy Saturdays 11 am
WMEC-TV, Macomb Saturdays 11 am
WYCC-TV, Chicago Wednesdays 1 pm

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