Mid-American Gardener: passion flowers, smoke bushes, persimmons, and more

March 27, 2014

Special guest host Shane Cultra, guest panelists Mary Ann Metz, Jim Schuster and Chuck Voigt discuss passion flowers, smoke bushes, persimmons, tree fungus and cankers, cypress, climbing roses, maple trees and much more. Chuck Voigt shows a mint and a chocolate mint plant and explains the subtle differences between scents and growth patterns.

>>> HELLO.
WELCOME TO MID-AMERICAN GARDENER, THE SHOW WHERE YOU ASK THE QUESTIONS, AND WE ANSWER THEM.
WE HAVE A GREAT SHOW TONIGHT.  WE HAVE A REALLY GOOD PANEL, A GROUP OF FINE PEOPLE THAT ANSWER QUESTIONS ALL DAY LONG.
I AM SHANE CULTRA.
I AM TAKING THE PLACE OF DIANNE NOLAND.
I AM ONE OF THE OWNERS AT COUNTRY ARBORS AND ONARGA NURSERY IN URBANA.
I TAKE THE QUESTIONS YOU HAVE, TIMES A THOUSAND, AND ATTEMPT TO MAKE MONEY DOING IT.
IT HAS BEEN A ROUGH YEAR THIS YEAR.
WE WILL GO IN A AHEAD AND INTRODUCE OUR PANEL TONIGHT.
I WILL START WITH CHUCK.
>>I AM CHUCK VOIGT. I AM A VEGETABLE AND HERB SPECIALIST HERE AT THE UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS, DEPARTMENT OF CROP SCIENCES WHERE HORTICULTURE IS HOUSED.
TONIGHT I THOUGHT I WOULD BRING SOMETHING GREEN BECAUSE WE ARE ALL DYING FOR SPRING TO GET HERE, SOMETHING GOOD TO START HAPPENING.
SO I THOUGHT THE MINT LOOKED PRETTY GOOD IN THE GREENHOUSE TODAY.
THIS IS A GREAT SPEARMINT, SOMETIMES CALLED IMPROVED SPEARMINT.
A WOMAN IN KENTUCKY WAS VERY ENTERPRISING AND RENAMED IT KENTUCKY COLONEL SPEARMINT AND MADE IT THE OFFICIAL SPEARMINT OF THE KENTUCKY DERBY AND SOLD A LOT OF PLANTS AND STARTS OF IT THAT WAY.
THE OTHER I BROUGHT IS CHOCOLATE MINT, A VARIETY OF PEPPERMINT, BUT ALSO ILLUSTRATES HOW INVASIVE MINTS CAN BE.
IF YOU ARE GOING TO GROW MINTS, AND I THINK YOU SHOULD, THEY NEED IN HALF BARREL PLANTER.
SOME PEOPLE PUT THEM IN CHIMNEY FLUE TILES.
BUT YOU HAVE TO KEEP AN EYE ON THEM.
IT DROP DOWN ONE OF THE STOLENS AND SHOOTOUT A FEW FEET, AND YOU HAVE A WHOLE YARD OF MINT.
MIGHT NOT BE THAT UNPLEASANT, BUT NOT WHAT YOU ARE AFTER.
IF YOU HAVE A SHADY BANK YOU WANT TO STABILIZE, THAT MIGHT BE A GOOD PLACE FOR THAT.
THIS IS CALLED CHOCOLATE MINT BECAUSE IT HAS THE SMELL OF LITTLE CHOCOLATE MINTS, MINTS YOU FIND ON YOUR PILLOW AT A HOTEL.
A FRIEND SAID THEY DON’T SMELL LIKE CHOCOLATE.
IF YOU ARE COOKING OR GENERALLY USING A MINT, A SPEARMINT IS WHAT YOU WANT.
PEPPERMINTS HAVE MENTHOL WHICH MAKES THEM TASTE A LITTLE MEDICINEY.
PEPPERMINT IS GOOD TO SETTLE YOUR STOMACH AFTER HEAVY OR GREASY MEAL.
THERE IS MEDICINAL VALUE TO THAT.
AFTER DINNER MINTS ORIGINALLY HAD A REAL PURPOSE.
I WILL SEND IT DOWN THE WAY, AND YOU CAN ALL HAVE A SPEARMINT EXPERIENCE AS WE GO ON.
>>I LOVE MINTS, BUT THEY JUMP.
THEY USUALLY MOVE SOMEWHERE ELSE.
YOU STAY AT MUCH BETTER HOTELS THAN I DID.
I NEVER HAVE GOTTEN ANY OF THOSE.
(LAUGHING) U OF I IS TREATING YOU WELL!
(LAUGHING) MARY ANN, INTRODUCE YOURSELF.
>>MARY ANN METZ, HORTICULTURALIST AND LANDSCAPE DESIGNER AND EXPERTISE IN PERENNIALS AND ENJOY OTHER THINGS IN WORLD OF HORTICULTURE.
I HAVE E-MAIL QUESTION THIS EVENING.
IT IS ABOUT PASSION FLOWERS OR PASSIFLORA.
OF I HAVE THREE PASSIFLORAS, ALL THREE GREW WELL, BUT NO FLOWERS.
ANY SUGGESTION ON FERTILIZER OR SUGGESTIONS WHAT I CAN GET THEM TO DO TO BLOOM.
WE LIVE IN ZONE 5, 5A OR B OR-ISH.
>>MOST ARE NOT HARDY HERE.
THERE ARE TROPICALS.
THERE IS ONE PASSIFLORA INCARNATA, SOMEWHAT HARDY IN, SOME WILL BE VERY EVASIVE.
IT WILL NOT HAVE TROUBLE IN FULL SUN.
SOIL NEEDS TO BE LOOSE AND FRIABLE, AND ORGANIC MATERIAL, PROBABLY A GOOD THING FOR MOST PLANTS.
PASSIFLORA’S ARE GOOD FOR
MINIMUM FIVE HOURS A DAY.
THAT’S ONE OF THE REASONS OR SEVERAL REASONS IT MAY NOT BE BLOOMING, IT IS NOT HARDY, AND SECOND, NOT ENOUGH SUN, AND MAYBE THE SOIL NEEDS MORE ORGANIC MATERIAL.
WE WILL FIND OUT IF THIS YEAR IT COMES BACK, BECAUSE OF THE VIEWERS IN THIS AREA, IT MAYBE ONE MORE THING TO WORRY ABOUT.
>>THAT’S EXACTLY RIGHT.
>>JIM, YOU HAVE SHOW AND TELL.
INTRODUCE YOURSELF AS WELL.
>>JIM SCHUSTER, RETIRED PLANT PATHOLOGIST AT THE UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS.
I HAVE A QUESTION FROM KEITH ABOUT APPLE TREES THAT DEVELOP BUMPS.
THEY ARE NOT NECESSARILY LITTLE.
HE ASKED WHAT INSECT CAUSED IT.
IT IS NOT AN INSECT.
IT IS PHYSIOLOGICAL PROBLEM, AND GENERALLY BROUGHT ON BY CERTAIN KINDS OF GRAFTED FRUIT TREES.
THE TREE IS TRYING TO PRODUCE ROOTS UNDER THE BARK AND ABOVE THE GROUND.
LOW LIGHT, TEMPERATURES BETWEEN 68 AND 95 DEGREES, AND HIGH HUMIDITY TEND TO ENCOURAGE THIS TO HAPPEN IN UP UNTIL RECENTLY THERE WASN’T MUCH YOU COULD DO ABOUT IT.
HOWEVER, THEY HAVE FOUND A PRODUCT CALLED GALLEX, MADE BY AGRIBIOCHEM.
THAT IS BASICALLY SOLD TO COMMERCIAL FRUIT GROWERS.
IT WILL BE HARD TO FIND HOME OWNER AMOUNT.
IT IS BACTERICIDE, FOR SOME REASON STOPS THE PHYSIOLOGICAL PROBLEM FROM DEVELOPING FURTHER AND MAY ACTUALLY REVERSING THE PROCESS.
QUESTION WHETHER OR NOT TO CUT THE TREE DOWN, NO.
IF YOU CAN FIND THIS GALLEX, TREAT IT WITH THAT.
>>WHAT DOES THAT CAUSE, BY SAYING, THAT DOES IT CAUSE LESS FRUITING?
>> NO, JUST MAKES THE TREE TRUNK AND BRANCHES LOOK LUMPY.
>>AESTHETIC.
>>YEAH, MAINLY AESTHETIC.
>>I HAVE A LOT OF THINGS THAT DO THAT.
THAT’S A GOOD QUESTION.
THERE ARE A LOT OF THINGS PEOPLE SEE, THAT DON’T LOOK GOOD, AND AFRAID IT IS NOT AFFECTING.
IF IT DOESN’T AFFECT THE GROWTH, YOU SHOULD LIVE WITH IT, I THINK, UNLESS YOU ARE BUYING IT FOR PURE ORNAMENTAL VALUE, AND YOU HAVE LOST THAT WITH THAT.
BEFORE WE GET TO THE QUESTIONS, AND WE WILL GET TO QUESTIONS HERE.
WE WILL LOOK AT VIDEO VIEWER MAIL HERE.
>>HELLO MID-AMERICAN GARDENER.
THIS IS A TREE IN MY BACKYARD.
IT IS AN EVERGREEN, OF COURSE, YES.
THERE IS PART OF IT NOT EVER GREEN ANY MORE.
IT DIDN’T DO TOO GOOD THIS WINTER.  THERE ARE PARTS THAT ARE BROWN AND DRY, AND EASY TO BREAK OFF.
HAS A REALLY GOOD SECTION OF THE BROWN, EASY TO BREAK OFF PART OF THE TREE.  I THINK THIS HAS SEEN BETTER DAYS, AND IT WILL HAVE TO COME DOWN.  I WANT TO CHECK WITH YOU TO SEE IF THERE ARE THINK OPINIONS THAT COULD SAVE THIS TREE.
THANK YOU.
>>ALL RIGHT.
I THINK THAT WILL BE A COMMON, COMMON QUESTION AFTER THIS WINTER.
>>YEAH, SPRUCE TREES, THAT’S A COLORADO SPRUCE TREE DOES NOT LIKE THE MIDWEST WEATHER.
A TREE THAT GROWS HIGH UP IN THE ROCKY MOUNTAINS.
WHEN IT IS BROUGHT DOWN TO THE PLAIN OF ILLINOIS, IT IS TOO HOT IN THE SUMMER AND DEFINITELY DOESN’T LIKE THE DRAINAGE.
COLD IS NOT A PROBLEM.
ACTUALLY LIKES COLD WEATHER.
BUT IT IS VERY PRONE TO DISEASE CALLED CYTOSPORA CANKER.
LOOK ON THE TRUNK FOR OOZING OR SPLITTING OF THE BARK.
THERE IS NO CONTROL FOR THAT DISEASE BESIDES REMOVE THE TREE.
I WOULD SUGGEST, INSTEAD OF REPLANTING WITH COLORADO SPRUCE, CONSIDER OTHER KIND OF SPRUCE IF YOU REALLY WANT A SPRUCE TREE.
>>BEFORE I COMMENT ON THAT, REMIND PEOPLE YOU CAN SEND IN VIDEO E-MAILS.
IF YOU HAVE QUESTIONS, AND YOU HAVE A PHONE OR SOME KIND OF CAMERA, YOU CAN RECORD, YOU CAN SEND THAT INTO YOURGARDEN@GMAIL.COM, AND PERHAPS YOURS WILL BE THE NEXT ONE WE SEE AND ANSWER.
I AGREE ON BLUE SPRUCE.
WE FOUND THAT YOU CAN DO IT, BUT IT REALLY GETS MORE DISEASE WHEN IT IS STRESSED, AND IT HAS BEEN STRESSFUL THIS SUMMER.
REALLY THE BEST THING IS PREVENTION, KEEPING IT WATERED, FERTILIZING, KEEPING IT HEALTHY.
>>IF YOU LOOK WHERE IT REALLY GROWS, IF THE TREE, JUST BELOW THE TIMBER LINE, AND SNOW IS MELTING ALL SUMMER LONG, RUNNING ACROSS THE ROOT SYSTEM WHICH IS BASICALLY GROWING IN ROCK.
IT HAS VERY GOOD DRAINAGE.
MAY ONLY GET 40, 50 DEGREES IN A DAY, AND DROP BELOW FREEZING AT NIGHT.
IT IS NOT THE COLD, BUT THE HEAT AND POOR DRAINAGE IN ILLINOIS.
VERY COMMON.
YOU SEE THE ONES THAT ARE LARGER.
PEOPLE SPEND A LOT OF MONEY ON THE YOUNGER ONES AND CONTINUING TO TAKE CARE OF IT, ONCE THEY STOP THE MAINTENANCE PROGRAM, THE PROBLEMS HAPPEN.
I SEE ON A DAILY BASIS, UNFORTUNATELY.
WE WILL GET TO THE FIRST QUESTION OF THE DAY, LINE TWO, JANET HAS A QUESTION ON CLEMATIS.
JANET, ARE YOU THERE?
WHAT IS YOUR QUESTION FOR US THIS EVENING OR TODAY?
>>
>>CALLER: I HAVE A CLEMATIS OUR DAUGHTER GAVE ME—THAT OUR DAUGHTER GAVE ME, AND IT IS PROBABLY ABOUT THREE YEARS OLD.
IT COMES UP IN THE SPRING AND HAS NICE VINE TO IT AND GREEN.
BY THE TIME IT GETS TO WHERE I COULD GET IT TO GO ON THE TRELLIS, IT DIES.
I WONDERED IF THE VINYL TRELLIS—IS THERE SOMETHING THAT CAUSES PROBLEMS THERE?
>> I DON’T THINK IT IS THE TRELLIS THAT IS THE ISSUE.
A LOT OF CLEMATIS, THEY ARE VERY REWARDING PLANTS.  BUT SOME CLEMATIS HAVE A TENDENCY AND HAVE A WILT ISSUE.  YOU HAVE TO FIND THE RIGHT VARIETY THAT DOESN’T.
SOME ARE MORE RESISTANT THAN OTHERS.  IT IS REALLY FRUSTRATING.
I HAVE HAD THAT HAPPEN MYSELF.
I KNOW A LOT OF PEOPLE, THEY GROW THEM.
THEY ARE CLIMBING UP THE VINE, OR THE TRELLIS.
ALL OF A SUDDEN, TWO LEADERS WILL DIE COMPLETELY.
IT IS REALLY FRUSTRATING.
THERE IS REALLY NO WAY TO ADDRESS THE FUNGAL ISSUE, BUT JUST FINDING RESISTANT VARIETY.
>>DOES CLEMATIS REQUIRE ROOT SYSTEM TO BE SHADED.
>>TO BE COOL OR SHADED BY ANOTHER PLANT.
DOESN’T USUALLY MAKE THEM DIE LIKE THAT, THOUGH.
THEY ARE NOT VIGOROUS.
I WAS WONDERING, I HAVE HEARD THEY DON’T GET SHADED ENOUGH, AND IT WILL GO AFTER THE ROOTS.
BUT LOWER STEM, MAY GET CANKER.
OH, YES, THAT’S EXACTLY RIGHT.
THEY ARE VERY REWARDING, BUT THERE ARE A FEW THINGS YOU HAVE TO WATCH WHEN YOU ARE TRYING TO GROW THEM.
I LIKE THAT TERM.
>>CALLER: I HAD A BEAUTIFUL ONE THAT WAS AGAINST A WOOD TRELLIS, AND I THOUGHT MAYBE THAT WAS THE PROBLEM.
>>NO, I DON’T THINK IT IS THE MATERIAL THAT THE TRELLIS IS MADE OUT OF.
I HAVE SEEN CLEMATIS GROWN INTO SHRUBS, UP DEAD TREES, JUST ABOUT ANYTHING YOU WANT TO GROW THEM ON, THEY WILL GROW ON OF BUT THE REAL ISSUE IS WHETHER OR NOT IT IS RESISTANT TO THE WILT ISSUE.
>>AND TOP CAN TAKE THE HEAT. IT IS NOT LIKE IT IS BURNING OUT AGAINST THE WHITE.
IT IS BOTTOM SHADE, TOP CAN TAKE AS MUCH.
I APPRECIATE YOUR QUESTION.
WE WILL GO AHEAD AND MOVE TO LINE THREE, WHO HAS A QUESTION ABOUT BOX ELDER BUGS?
ALL RIGHT.
WE WILL MOVE ON AND WE WILL MOVE TO LINE ONE, MARTHA HAS A QUESTION ABOUT CYPRESS, EITHER PLANT OR THE COUNTRY!
>>CALLER: YES.
HELLO.
THANKS FOR TAKING MY CALL.  I AM CALLING ABOUT CYPRESS EVERGREENS, IF THAT WOULD BE A RELIABLE SHRUB PLANT FOR THIS AREA.
I WANT SOMETHING THAT IS GOING TO GIVE ME PRIVACY SCREEN.
>>IF IT IS THE CHAMAECYPARIS, IT IS A WONDERFUL GENUS FOR THIS AREA.
QUITE VARIED GENUS.
THEY GROW QUITE WELL IN ZONE FIVE, AND SIX, EVEN MORE.
YOU HAVE TO WATCH THE SUN.
A LOT OF PEOPLE REALLY LOVE THE YELLOWS, YOU JUST WANT TO WATCH THE BURNING ON THAT.
THAT’S DEFINITELY AN ISSUE.
>>THEY WILL BURN IN THE SUN AND BURN IN THE WIND.
THERE WAS PROBABLY WIND DAMAGE THIS WINTER ON THE YELLOW’S PARTICULAR.
THOSE SEEM TO BE POPULAR BECAUSE THEY ARE FLASHY.
TRUE CYPRESS IS NOT HARDY.
>>CHAMAECYPARIS.
>>AND IS IT FALL CYPRESS.
>>YEAH.
AND ANOTHER ISSUE IS THE SOIL.
WE CAN TELL YOU MANY DIFFERENT THINGS, DRAINAGE IS IMPORTANT.
CYPRESS DEFINITELY HAVE A PLACE, A LARGE SCREEN OF MULTIPLES, YOU HAVE TO BE CHOOSEY IN YOUR PLANTING.  I WOULDN’T PLANT 15 CYPRESS IN A ROW.
BUT TALKING TO THE RIGHT PERSON AND LOOKING IN THE RIGHT LOCATION DEFINITELY TO BE A BEAUTIFUL PLANT.
>>CALLER: DO THEY TOLERATE A LITTLE BIT OF SHADE?
>> SOME OF THEM DO, YES, THE YELLOW ONE’S CERTAINLY DO.
>>ABSOLUTELY.
>>CALLER: THANK YOU VERY MUCH.
>>THANK YOU FOR CALLING IN.
WE HAVE ANOTHER QUESTION HERE, DAN ON LINE FOUR, HAS A GOT A QUESTION ABOUT MAPLE TREE, AND WE WILL GET TO A VIEWER CALL IN.
>>CALLER: YES, HEY I, I GOT A MAPLE TREE.
I THINK IT IS 30 YEARS OLD.
ROOT SYSTEM GROWS ALONG THE TOP OF THE GROUND.
CAN THEY BE CUT OFF WITHOUT HURTING THE TREE?
>> I WOULDN’T RECOMMEND CHOPPING OFF THE ROOTS BECAUSE IT WILL STRESS IT OUT.
IF YOU ARE TRYING TO GROW GRASS AMONG THE ROOTS, I WOULD CONSIDER BE AND TRYING TO MOW THE GRASS, AND HITTING AND NICKING THE ROOTS WITH THE MOW, I WOULD KILL OFF THE GRASS AND MULCH INSTEAD.
>>CALLER: OKAY, WHAT KIND OF GRASS SHOULD I PLANT THERE.
THE GRASS DIES EVERY YEAR ALSO.
>>IF IT IS NORWAY—I MISSED WHAT KIND OF MAPLE YOU SAID IT WAS.
>>CALLER: SOFT MAPLE.
>>THAT’S A WIDE RANGE.
THAT INCLUDES A BUNCH OF DIFFERENT KIND OF MAPLES.
ONE OF THE MAPLES THAT CAUSES GREATEST AMOUNT OF SHADE ARE THE NORWAYS.
YOU BASICALLY DON’T GROW GRASS UNDER NORWAY.  YOU JUST MULCH IT, MULCH OR GROW A GROUND COVER.
>>THAT’S THE PROBLEM WITH TREES, YOU GOT ROOTS COMPETING AGAINST TAKING WATER FROM IT, AND LACK OF SUN, AND THOSE TWO ARE EXACTLY THE OPPOSITE OF WHAT GRASS LIKES.
WE DO HAVE PEOPLE THAT LIVE IN OUR TOWN OF URBANA THAT HAVE BIG TREES, EVERY YEAR THEY SEED IT, GET THE GRASS TO GROW, AND DIES OUT AT THE END OF THE YEAR, AND REPEAT THE PROCESS.  THOSE ARE THE ONLY PEOPLE WITH GRASS, AND QUITE LABOR INTENSIVE.
THEY LIKE THEIR GRASS, AND THAT’S HOW IT WORKS.
OTHERWISE, LOTS OF MULCH IS THE WAY TO GO.
>>CALLER: WHAT KIND OF MULCH?
>>ANY ORGANIC MULCH, WOOD CHIPS, YOU KNOW, MOST COMMON.  BUT I WOULDN’T USE ROCKS.
I DON’T LIKE ROCKS AS A MULCH AROUND PLANTS.
ROCKS—MULCH WHERE YOU DON’T WANT ANYTHING GROWING IS FINE.  IF YOU WANT TO GROW PLANTS, USE ORGANIC MULCH.
YOU SHOULDN’T HAVE TOO MANY WEEDS PROBLEMS WITH NICE MULCH.
IT WILL BE ORNAMENTALLY NICE, AND THE TREE WILL ENJOY IT.
EVERYBODY WINS.
>>CALLER: DON’T CUT OFF THE ROOTS?
>> NO.
>>CALLER: OKAY.
THAT’S WHAT I WANT TO KNOW.
>>THANK YOU FOR THE PHONE CALL.
BEFORE WE GET TO MORE QUESTIONS WE WILL LOOK AT THE “DID YOU KNOW SEGMENT.”
YOU SAW WITH A THAT MEANS, YOU NEED TO PLANT A COUPLE TREES IN YOUR YARD.
YOU ARE USING UP MORE THAN ONE A YEAR, THAT MEANS YOU BETTER PUT SOME OUT THERE.
AT LEAST SOMEBODY BETTER, OR WE WON’T HAVE ANY BOXES.
EVERYTHING WILL BE SHIPPED IN PLASTIC.  WE WILL HAVE A ROUND OF MORE QUESTIONS.
>>MINE IS ABOUT PERSIMMONS.
THIS PERSON NOTICES IN SEED CATALOGS IF YOU WANT TO GROW PERSIMMONS, YOU REALLY NEED TO HAVE TWO TREES, MALE AND FEMALE.
IF YOU ORDER TWO TREES, HOW DO YOU KNOW IF THEY ARE SENDING ONE OF EACH SEX?
WELL, THE GOOD CATALOGS ARE GOING TO HAVE GRAFTED MATERIALS, AND THEY WILL SAY THIS IS A MALE AND THIS IS A FEMALE.
ONE MALE CAN PROBABLY SERVICE SEVERAL FEMALES.
BUT IF THEY JUST SEND YOU TWO SEEDLINGS, YOU KNOW, LUCK OF THE DRAW.
WHAT ELSE?
TALK ABOUT AMERICAN PERSIMMON, BACK ON THE FARM THEY HAD ONLY ONE TREE AND IT PRODUCED EVERY YEAR.
MY THOUGHT ON THAT WOULD BE THERE WERE PROBABLY WILD PERSIMMONS IN WOODLAND OR SOMETHING NOT TOO FAR AWAY WHERE THE POLLEN COULD MOVE BACK AND FORTH AND DO THAT.
THERE ARE—THERE IS AN AMERICAN PERSIMMON CALLED MEADER, THAT IS SUPPOSEDLY SELF-FERTILE.
I THINK I RAN ACROSS ANOTHER ONE, THE NAME ESCAPES ME.
IF YOU ONLY HAVE ROOM FOR ONE TREE, AND THERE IS NO OTHER PERSIMMONS ANYWHERE IN THE VICINITY, YOU MIGHT TRY ONE OF THOSE THAT SUPPOSEDLY FRUITFUL.
I SUSPECT MORE FRUITFUL IT A MALE HANDY.
THEY DON’T COME INTO FRUITING REAL FAST.
CERTAINLY A SEEDLING, IT WOULD BE 7 TO 10 YEARS OR MORE.
GRAFTED ONES PROBABLY A LITTLE FASTER THAN THAT.
THAT’S ONE YOU PROBABLY WANT TO BUY A LITTLE BIGGER TREE IF YOU WANT TO ENJOY IT WITHOUT HAVING TO WAIT FOR YOUR CHILDREN TO ENJOY IT.
ALL RIGHT.
DO YOU HAVE A QUESTION AS WELL?
>> YES, SIR, I DO.
THIS IS ABOUT SMOKE BUSH.  I HAVE A TWO AND HALF YEAR OLD SMOKE BUSH.
I WOULD LIKE TO KEEP IT PRUNED SIX OR SEVEN FEET.  I HAVE FIVE TO SIX SHOOTS WHICH HAVE GROWN TO BE EIGHT TO TEN FEET TALL.
WHEN IS THE BEST TIME TO PRUNE THESE DOWN?
SMOKE BUSH ARE FABULOUS BUSHES.
I JUST LOVE THEM, SUCH A WIDE VARIETY ON THE MARKET AVAILABLE, FROM BRIGHT YELLOW GREEN TO THE LUSCIOUS DEEP PURPLE.  BUT THEY HAVE A TENDENCY TO GET TALL AND GANGLY.
I UNDERSTAND WHY HE WANTS TO KEEP THESE PRUNED DOWN.
RULE OF THUMB ABOUT ANY FLOWERING SHRUB IS YOU WANT TO PRUNE RIGHT AFTER IT FLOWERS SO YOU DON’T ACCIDENTALLY CUT OFF THE NEW BUDS FOR NEXT YEAR, SHOULD IT BE PRODUCING ITS FLOWER BUDS ON THE OLD STEMS WHICH IS THE CASE IN CASE OF SMOKE BUSH COTINUS.
IF YOU CAN GIVE UP THAT SMOKE, WHICH IS WHAT MOST PEOPLE GROW IT FOR, THEN YOU WANT TO PRUNE RIGHT AFTER IT FLOWERS, BUT YOU ARE STILL GIVING THAT UP.
BUT CUTTING IT DOWN TO THE GROUND IS REALLY GREAT WAY TO KEEP IT UNDER CONTROL.
CUTTING IT BACK TO, OH, BETWEEN FOUR AND SIX INCHES TALL, THE ENTIRE BUSH AND LETTING ALL THE NEW GROWTH COME UP NEXT SEASON.
YOU ARE GIVING UP THE FLOWERING, BUT GETTING LUSH GROW, AND KEEPS MUCH BETTER FORM.
SMOKE BUSH IS DEFINITELY ONE WHEN YOU TAKE IT BACK, THAT COLOR—THAT NEW GROWTH IS SO RICH.
IT IS.
ABSOLUTELY.
IT IS A GREAT PLANT.
I SAW IT AT THE INDIANAPOLIS ZOO.
I WASN’T TOO FOND OF IT. THEY HAD IT GROWING IN ALL DIFFERENT CONDITIONS.  YOU COULD TELL IT IS NOT GETTING THE BEST OF CARE, BUT SEEMED TO THRIVE.
IT IS A LOVELY BUSH.
>>WE GOT ANOTHER QUESTION.
>>THIS IS A PERSON WHO HAS TEN BY 15-FOOT GARDEN AND HE IS GROWING TOMATOES, PEPPERS AND GREEN BEANS.  HIS PROBLEM, AS TOMATOES GROW AND SET FRUIT, THEY SUDDENLY BEGIN TO DRY UP.
SOMEBODY TOLD HIM HE HAD WILT, AND TOLD HIM HE NEEDED TO COVER THE VEGETABLE GARDEN BED WITH BLACK PLASTIC AND COOK THE SOIL ENTIRE SUMMER.
I WOULDN’T DO THAT BECAUSE IT WILL CAUSE OTHER PROBLEMS, PLUS I WASN’T SURE YOU ACTUALLY HAVE WILT.
YOU MAY HAVE VERTICILLIUM WILT.
OR BUYING THE VFN TOMATOES, THEY ARE RESISTANT.
SINCE I DON’T KNOW WHAT THE ACTUAL DISEASE, ARE YOU DIAGNOSING WILT WHEN YOU HAVE A LEAF DISEASE LIKE EARLY BLIGHT.
EARLY BLIGHT CAUSES LEAVES TO TURN YELLOW AND GET BROWN SPOTS AND TURN BROWN FROM BOTTOM UP.
IT WILL CAUSE THE LEAVES TO LEAVES TO TURN BROWN FROM BOTTOM UP, BUT THE VINES DIE.
ONE TO SEPARATE THE WILT, VERTICILLIUM WILL KILL THE ENTIRE PLANT.
THE OTHER WILT WILL KILL THE ENTIRE PLANT, BUT A LOT OF TIME IT ONLY KILLS PART OF THE PLANT.
THEY WILL LEAVE BROWN STREAKING IN THE VASCULAR TISSUE OF THE PLANT, WHERE THE LEAF DISEASES DO NOT.
WITH LEAF DISEASES, THERE ARE FUNGICIDES.  WITH WILT, BEST CONTROL IS BUY VFN VARIETIES.
>>THAT, AGAIN, ANOTHER COMMON QUESTION COMING UP WITH TOMATO SEASON AROUND THE CORNER.
>>IF YOU HAVE MISSED DIANNE BY WATCHING ME ALL TODAY, AND REALLY WANT TO SPEND MORE TIME WITH HER, HER ARKANSAS TRIP HAS FOUR TICKETS LEFT, BUT ONLY ONE MORE DAY.
TOMORROW IS THE LAST DAY TO BUY THEM.
GO TO W.I.L.L. WEB SITE AND GET YOUR TICKETS.
THERE ARE ONLY FOUR LEFT.
IF YOU WANT TO SPEND TIME WITH DIANNE, PERFECT CHANCE TO DO IT.
ONE MORE DAY LEFT.
>> WE WILL TRY TO TAKE ANOTHER PHONE CALL HERE.
AND WE WILL GO TO LINE TWO, SUE, WHO HAS A QUESTION ABOUT ROSES.
>>CALLER: HI.
I HAVE TWO CLIMBING ROSES, AND THEY WERE SUPPOSED TO ONLY GET SIX FOOT TALL, AND THEY HAVE GOTTEN HUGE.
THEY WRECKED THE TRELLIS, AND NOW I’D LIKE TO MOVE THEM TO A DIFFERENT SPOT AND PUT UP STURDIER TRELLIS, WHEN WILL IT BE OKAY FOR ME TO DO THAT?
>> I WOULD CONSIDER DOING THAT RIGHT NOW.
>>I WAS GOING TO SAY TODAY.
>>I WOULD CUT THEM BACK, SOMEWHAT, MAYBE FOUR FEET-ISH AND MOVE THEM NOW BEFORE THEY START BREAKING BUDS.
>>CALLER: THANK YOU.
>>AND KEEP THEM PRUNED.
>>THAT’S ONE THING I TELL EVERYBODY, AS NURSERY OWNER AND GROWER, WE TEND TO GO TO THE SMALL SIDE ON THE PLANTS BECAUSE IF WE TELL YOU THE TRUE SIZE, YOU MIGHT NOT EVER BUY THEM!
(LAUGHING) IF YOU SEE A SIZE, GO AHEAD AND ADD 20 OR 30% TO THAT, AND THAT’S PROBABLY THE REALISTIC SIZE OF THAT’S KIND OF HOW IT WORKS.  WE TRY TO GIVE YOUR REAL, BUT PLANTS NEVER STOP GROWING SO IT IS KIND OF DIFFICULT.
>>ROSE COVERED COTTAGE.
>>SIX FEET, AND THEN NINE FEET, RIGHT ON THE MONEY.
WE WILL TRY TO GET ANOTHER PHONE CALL, LINE ONE, MIKE, WITH A MAPLE TREE QUESTION.
>>
>>CALLER: YES.
HELLO.
WHAT IS YOUR QUESTION?
>>
>>CALLER: YES, YOU HAD A GENTLEMAN ON EARLIER WITH SOFT MAPLE, HE WAS WANTING TO KNOW WHAT TO DO WITH IT, ONE QUESTION I DIDN’T THINK CAME UP, IS THERE ANYTHING YOU CAN PLANT OUT THERE WITH MAPLE TREE THAT WILL LIVE?
BECAUSE I HAVE THE SAME PROBLEM, BARE DIRT.
>>GROUND COVER PACHYSANDRA.
>>IVY.
>>I THINK PLANTING POTS WITH ORNAMENTALS IN THEM IS A GREAT WAY TO GO BECAUSE MOST THINGS WILL NOT GROW WELL UNDER SHALLOW ROOTED MAPLES, AND THEY ARE NOTORIOUS FOR THAT.
DOING SOMETHING ABOVE GROUND IS MAYBE ONE WAY TO ADDRESS THE ISSUE, PUTTING OUT POTS OR SOME KIND OF A RAISED SITUATION, NOT SOIL CERTAINLY, BUT RAISED POT YOU CAN PUT PLANTS IT.
RIGHT ON THE GROUND, THERE IS NOT A LOT.
>>THERE IS A REASON THERE IS A LOT OF HOSTAS UNDERNEATH TREES.
>>YES, EVEN THAT’S DIFFICULT SOMETIMES BECAUSE THE ROOTS ARE SO INVOLVED.
IT IS DIFFICULT TO GET IN THERE AND PLANT YOUR PLANTS.
>>ONE SUGGESTION, IF YOU GO WITH LIVE PLANTS IN THE GROUND, MAKE SURE YOU DON’T PLANT THE ENTIRE ROOT SYSTEM WITH THE PLANTS, CHOP TOO MANY ROOTS OFF.
FEW IN HERE, AND FEW OVER THERE.
NEXT YEAR PLANT A FEW MORE AND THAT UNTIL YOU HAVE THE WHOLE AREA.
DON’T TRY TO PLANT THE WHOLE ROOT SYSTEM IN THE WHOLE YEAR. YOU CAN DAMAGE THE TREE TO THE POINT OF DEATH.
THAT’S WHERE THE MULCH COMES IN.
WE TALKED EARLIER, MULCH MAKES IT SO MUCH EASIER.
AGAIN, I ALWAYS TELL PEOPLE, YOU CAN CUT A ROOT HERE AND THERE, JUST DON’T GET A LITTLE TOO CRAZY WHEN IT COMES TO THE TREE DOES HAVE TO LIVE.
IF YOU HAVE TO PUT IN AN EDGING OR SOMETHING, YOU CAN WORK A LITTLE BIT WITH IT.
BUT, AGAIN, MOST DIFFICULT SITUATIONS.
>>THANK YOU FOR WATCHING THIS EVENING.
WE WILL BE HERE NEXT WEEK.
WE HOPE YOU WILL JOIN US AT THAT TIME.
THANK YOU VERY MUCH.

Air Dates and Times

Channel Day Time
WILL-TV, Urbana Thursdays 7 pm (live)
  Saturdays 11 am (repeat)
WTVP-TV, Peoria Saturdays 10:30 am
WEIU-TV, Charleston Sundays 4:30 pm
WILL-AM/90.9 HD2 & HD3, Urbana Saturdays 6:30 am
WSEC-TV, Springfield Saturdays 11 am
WQEC-TV, Quincy Saturdays 11 am
WMEC-TV, Macomb Saturdays 11 am
WYCC-TV, Chicago Wednesdays 1 pm

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