Mid-American Gardener: Dahlias with crown gall, purple basil and soil freezing effects

January 30, 2014

Mid-American Gardener host Horticultur specialist Dianne Noland sits down with her extraordinary expert guest garden panelists, Mike Brunk, Don White and Chuck Voigt They discussed Orchids, Dahlias with crown gall, purple basil and soil freezing effects. Chuck Voigt showed us a beautiful blooming Evergreen Amaryllis and Mike Brunk told us about a Legacy Tree program in Urbana memorializing a 200 year old Hackberry Tree and much much more.

>>> HELLO AND WELCOME TO ALL OF YOU GARDENERS.
WE ARE GLAD THAT YOU HAVE JOINED US.
THIS IS MID-AMERICAN GARDENER, AND WE ARE HERE TO ANSWER SOME OF YOUR QUESTIONS.  WE ARE HERE TO THINK SPRING AND REALLY TALK ABOUT PLANTS.
WE ARE GLAD THAT YOU HAVE JOINED US.
I AM DIANNE NOLAND AND HOST FOR MID-AMERICAN GARDENER.
I TEACH HORTICULTURE AT THE UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS IN URBANA-CHAMPAIGN, AND I AM IN THE CROP SCIENCES DEPARTMENT.
LET’S FIND OUT WHO ELSE IS HERE.
THEY LOOK REALLY INTELLIGENT!
WE WILL HAVE A GOOD TIME TODAY.
LET’S START WITH THE FIRST INTELLIGENT FOLK, CHUCK VOIGT.
>>I AM CHUCK VOIGT IN THE DEPARTMENT OF CROP SCIENCES.
I AM A VEGETABLE AND HERB SPECIALIST.
THOSE KINDS OF QUESTIONS I WILL ANSWER THE EASIEST.
I BROUGHT A SHOW AND TELL.
>>OKAY.
>>I MAY HAVE BROUGHT THIS IN A LONG TIME AGO, I AM NOT SURE.
BUT THEY ARE BLOOMING AND JUST SO DARN NEAT.
I COULD NOT BRING IT TONIGHT.
IT IS AND EVERGREEN AMARYLLIS.
I THINK PEOPLE ARE MORE FAMILIAR WITH THE DECIDUOUS ONE THAT PROBABLY COMES FROM A PLACE WITH A WET AND DRY SEASON.
SO IT GROWS IN THE WET SEASON.
WHEN DRY SEASON, IT DIES BACK TO THE GROUND AND IT FLOWERS FIRST AND SENDS UP FOLIAGE.  THIS STAYS GREEN ALL THE TIME.
JUST ABOUT THIS TIME EVERY YEAR, I THINK IT MUST BE PHOTOPERIODIC BECAUSE THEY BLOOM ABOUT THIS TIME EVERY YEAR.
ALTHOUGH I HAD A COUPLE OF PRECOCIOUS ONES THAT BLOOMED IN DECEMBER WITH US I COULD TAKE TO SHOW AND TELL TO MY CLASS.
IT IS LIKE THEY KNEW.
I HAVE PROBABLY 30 OF THESE THAT BLOOMED IN THE GREENHOUSE WHICH I DON’T NEED THAT MANY.
BUT THERE THEY ARE.
IT HAS THIS GREAT COLOR PATTERN.
LAST YEAR I GOT BUSY AND DID SOME HAND POLLINATIONS.
I GREW A WHOLE FLAT OF SEEDLINGS.
I DON’T KNOW IF THIS IS A SPECIES COLORATION SO THEY WILL ALL LOOK LIKE THIS OR IF THERE WILL BE VARIATION FROM THE SEEDLINGS.
THOSE AREN’T GROWING VERY FAST.
IT COULD BE A LONG TERM PROJECT.
THEY WORK PRETTY WELL IF YOU HAVE A PLACE TO KEEP THEM ALIVE AND GROWING ALL YEAR LONG.
ABOUT THIS TIME, THEY SHOOT UP A FLOWER STOCK.
TELL ALL THE VIEWERS NORMALLY HOW LONG IT TAKES FROM SEED AND WHAT YOU FOUND.
>>IF YOU GO TO THE INTERNET IT TELLS YOU THAT THEY TAKE PROBABLY FIVE YEARS FROM SEED TO FLOWER.
I HAVE GOT ONE THAT IS NOT—GOING TO FLOWER BEFORE IT IS TWO YEARS OLD ON THAT TYPE WHICH I JUST FEEL SO PROUD.
SO—AND HOPEFULLY THEY SEGREGATE A LITTLE DIFFERENT THAT WILL BE DIFFERENT FROM THE PARENT.
ALL THE DEEP RED’S LIKE THE MOM, WOULD BE FUN.
THEY ARE FUN.
AND THEY ARE NOT DIFFICULT.
WITH THE DECIDUOUS, IT IS NOT HARD TO REBLOOM IF YOU KEEP THE FOLIAGE GROWING, GIVE IT LOTS OF SUNLIGHT.
MAYBE FORCE THEM SO YOU CAN PUT THEM OUTSIDE FOR THE SUMMER.
IT IS A BEAUTIFUL PLANT.
THANK YOU FOR BRINGING THAT IN.
WE WILL NEXT TO YOU, MIKE BRUNK.
HOW ARE YOU?
>>I THINK I JUST LEARNED SOMETHING.
IF I GO HOME AND TELL MY WIFE, “HEY, HONEY, I FEEL A LITTLE PHOTOPERIODIC.”
WILL THAT WORK?
>> SURE!
(LAUGHING).
>>DAYS ARE GETTING LONGER.  WE HAVE NOTICED THAT ALREADY.
>>WE HAVE.
WE HAVE.
HAVEN’T TAKEN THE CHRISTMAS LIGHTS DOWN YET, BUT THEY ARE GETTING LONGER.
>>EASTER IS COMING.
I AM MIKE BRUNK, CITY ARBORIST, FEELING A LITTLE ORNERY.
YOU CAN TALK TO ME ABOUT TREES.
I ANSWER QUITE A FEW QUESTIONS OF CITIZENS ON PROPER TREE CARE.
I AM CERTAINLY READY, WILLING AND ABLE TO ATTEMPT MORE ANSWERS TONIGHT.
I HAVE A COUPLE THINGS, BUT I WILL START OFF WITH READING A QUESTION FROM CHICAGO.
A GARDENER WHO LIVES IN CHICAGO HAS A LOT OF MAPLE TREES IN HER NEIGHBORHOOD.
THEY ARE VERY PRETTY.
SHE LIKES THE GOLDEN LEAVES, BUT IT IS VIRTUALLY IMPOSSIBLE FOR HER TO GROW ANYTHING UNDERNEATH THEM.
SHE IS LOOKING FOR ADVICE.
I GUESS DANDELIONS WILL SLIP BETWEEN THE ROOTS.
WHAT I WOULD SUGGEST, THEY ARE A VERY DENSE SHADED TREE.
IT IS KIND OF UPHILL BATTLE TO TRIM THE TO ALLOW TO GROW GRASS.
CHANGE YOUR PERSPECTIVE, AND YOU COULD HAVE SOME LUCK IN PATCHES LITTLE PATCHES OF THIS, THAT, AND THE OTHER THING, AND MULCHING THE AREAS BETWEEN THE PLANTS.
MULCHING WILL CERTAINLY HELP THE TREE.
YOU MIGHT TRY LIRIOPE.
THERE ARE HOSTAS THAT MAY GROW.
THERE ARE A NUMBER OF WOODLAND PLANTS THAT WOULD LOVE THAT KIND OF ENVIRONMENT.
JUST DON’T LOOK AT FILLING THE ENTIRE AREA IN.
MULCH THE AREAS THAT YOU HAVE OR WOULD LIKE TO MULCH AROUND THE TREE, AND IT WILL HELP THE TREE.
LOOK AT PLANTING PATCHES.  I THINK THAT WOULD BE THE BEST SOLUTION.
>>UH-HUH, AND IT IS WORTH A TRY.
>>SURE.
THANK YOU VERY MUCH.
WE WILL GO TO THE PERSON RIGHT NEXT TO ME, AND IT IS DR. DON WHITE.
HI, DON.
>>I AM DON WHITE.
I AM EMERITUS PROFESSOR OF PLANT PATHOLOGY FROM UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS.
I TAUGHT INTRODUCTORY PLANT PATHOLOGY.
I HAD SOME GOOD STUDENTS.
AND CROP DISEASES AND ORNAMENTAL TURF GRASSES.
I AM A MASTER GARDENER WHICH IS A LOT OF FUN.  MY QUESTION CAME FROM A VIEWER, DAHLIAS, THEY WANT TO KNOW WHAT IS GOING ON THE DAHLIAS ROOTS.
THEY ARE ABNORMALLY SHAPED.
I AM SO HAPPY TO SEE THIS BECAUSE ONLY PATHOLOGIST WOULD SAY THAT.
>>SPOKEN LIKE A TRUE PLANT PATHOLOGIST.
>> I HAVEN’T SEEN THAT SINCE GRADUATE SCHOOL, AND THAT’S BEEN AWHILE.
IT IS CROWN GALL CAUSED BY A BACTERIUM.
THE BACTERIUM ACTUALLY INSERTS A DNA FRAGMENT INTO THE HOST CELLS, AND THEN THE HOST CELLS WILL FORM THE GALL.
YOU GET ABNORMAL CELLS AND GALL CELLS.
ONCE IT STARTS, IT WON’T STOP.
THIS BACTERIUM CAN SURVIVE IN SOIL LONG PERIOD OF TIME.
I THINK FIVE YEARS WOULDN’T BE TOO AWFUL LONG.
>>WOW.
>>AND IT HAS A NUMBER OF WOODY HOSTS THAT COULD BE A PROBLEM, EUONYMUS AND THINGS LIKE THAT WHERE YOU USUALLY SEE IT.
IF YOU HAVE A PROBLEM WITH THIS, DON’T PLANT DAHLIAS BACK IN THERE AGAIN. THEY WILL ALSO SHOW THE SAME SYMPTOMS.
THERE ARE A NUMBER OF ANNUALS THAT WILL GROW THERE WITHOUT ANY TROUBLE.
SOME OF THE PERENNIALS LIKE PEONIES DON’T SEEM TO GET IT.
SOME OF THE CONIFERS, JAPANESE YEW OR DIFFERENT THINGS LIKE THAT WILL WORK OUT REAL WELL.
SO THANKS FOR SENDING THIS.
I GREATLY APPRECIATE IT.
DON’T PUT DAHLIAS BACK IN THE SAME SOIL, AND YOU WILL NOT GET RID OF IT.
>>DR. WHITE WAS A VERY GOOD TEACHER.  I GOT TO SAY THAT.
AND I DON’T EVEN NEED A GRADE!
(LAUGHING).
I CAN GO BACK AND CHANGE YOUR’S.
GOT AN “A.”
>>CAN’T CHANGE IT ANY BETTER THAN THAT.
HE LOVES THOSE KIND OF THINGS.  THANK YOU VIEWERS FOR SENDING THAT IN.
LET’S GO TO SPECIAL “DID YOU KNOW” AND THEN WE WILL GO TO THE PHONE LINES.
>>ALL RIGHT.
WELL, YOU LEARN ALL KINDS OF THINGS.
LET’S GO ON NOW TO THE PHONE LINES.
WE WILL START WITH LINE TWO ABOUT DAHLIAS.
HI THERE.
WHAT IS YOUR QUESTION?
>>CALLER: HI.
I THINK I JUST GOT MY QUESTION ANSWERED.
>>DID YOU!
>>CALLER: I HAVE DAHLIAS AND I HAVE 30 DIFFERENT KINDS.
BUT MY RED GIANT DINNER PLATE DAHLIAS HAD THE CANKER OR WHATEVER THAT IS ON THEM.  I WAS WONDERING IF I COULD CUT OFF SOME AND KEEP IT AND PLANT IT SOMEWHERE ELSE.
IF I CAN DO THAT, THAT’S AWESOME.  BUT IF I CAN’T, DO I BURN THEM?
I KNOW I CAN’T PUT IT IN THE SAME PLACE, BUT HOW LONG WILL THAT LIVE IN THE SOIL?
>>IF YOU ACTUALLY HAVE ABNORMAL GROWTH, SUCH AS GALS, AND IT IS CROWN GALL, THEN ANYTHING THAT YOU PROPAGATE FROM THOSE PLANTS WILL BE DISEASED.
IT MAY NOT SHOW SYMPTOMS YET, BUT THEY WILL EVENTUALLY BE DISEASED.
YOU RUN THE RISK OF SPREADING AROUND TO THE OTHERS THAT YOU MIGHT HAVE.
IF I WERE YOU, I WOULD GET RID OF THEM.
NOT PLANT DAHLIAS IN THE SAME LOCATION AGAIN AND FEED IT TO THE TRASH MAN UNLESS YOU DO HAVE A PLACE YOU CAN BURN THEM.
YOU JUST CAN’T PLANT DAHLIAS IN THE SAME LOCATION FOR FIVE YEARS.  THERE ARE SOME OTHER DISEASES THAT WILL GET ON DAHLIAS THAT WON’T CAUSE THIS GALL.
SOME OF THOSE YOU CAN KIND OF GET AWAY FROM BY CLEANING THEM UP AND SO I AM NOT SURE IF YOU GOT THE ABNORMAL GROWTH OR NOT.
>>IT IS ALWAYS A GOOD IDEA TO ROTATE, NOT HAVE YOUR DAHLIAS YEAR AFTER YEAR IN ONE SPOT.
THINGS TEND TO—BAD THINGS TEND TO HAPPEN IF YOU DON’T ROTATE FLOWERS AND VEGETABLES.
THANKS SO MUCH.  THAT WAS A NICE SEGWAY FROM THE OTHER DAHLIA ONE.
THAT WAS GOOD.
LET’S GO NEXT TO LINE FOUR, AND IT IS ABOUT PURPLE BASIL.
HI THERE, LINE FOUR?
>>CALLER: MY WIFE PLANTED PURPLE BASIL IN HER FLOWER GARDEN YEARS AGO, AND NOW IT IS PRETTY MUCH ALL OVER THE PLACE.
IS THERE SUCH A THING—CAN YOU EAT THAT PURPLE BASIL OR EAT THE GREEN BASIL?
>> YOU KNOW WHAT THAT PURPLE BASIL SOUNDS LIKE.
IT SOUNDS LIKE PERILLA.
>> IT CERTAINLY DOES.
>>IT IS FLUFFIER ON THE EDGE.
IN FACT, NEXT WEEK WE MAY SHOW PICTURES OF THAT BECAUSE WE HAD ANOTHER CALLER.  BUT IT IS NOT EDIBLE, IS IT, CHUCK?
OR NOT IN THE SAME WAY?
>> YEAH, YOU WOULD USE IT IN SOME ASIAN COOKING.
IT HAS SOME THINGS IN IT YOU DON’T WANT TO EAT A LOT OF IT, I THINK.  BUT IT IS USED IN ASIAN COOKING TO SOME DEGREE.
AND ANY TIME YOU HEAR SOMETHING THAT LOOKS LIKE BASIL THAT RESEEDS ITSELF REALLY, REALLY VORACIOUSLY.
IT IS USUALLY PERILLA.
AND IT IS DANGEROUS TO PLANT IF YOU ARE NOT A GOOD WEEDER.
I HAD SOMEONE VOLUNTEER TO PUT SOMETHING IN A SPOT WE LEFT OPEN IN A LANDSCAPE I WAS DOING WITH A BUNCH OF CHILDREN, AND SOMEONE PLANTED PERILLA AND 15 YEARS LATER, IT WAS STILL THERE.
IT IS ALMOST A NOXIOUS WEED IN MY BOOK.
>>YEAH, I HAVE BEEN WORKING TO KEEP IT ALIVE BECAUSE MY GRANDPA PLANTED IT AND GROWING AT THE FARM FOR A LONG TIME.
IT KIND OF GOT RELEGATED TO A SHADY SPOT WHERE IT IS NOT REAL HAPPY.
OCCASIONALLY I WILL TAKE A PLANT AND PUT IT SOMEWHERE ELSE IN THE SUNSHINE AND IT GETS BIG AND ROBUST.
>>ONE MORE THING ABOUT BASIL, IF YOU HAVE A SELF-SOWING BASIL CALLED HOLY BASIL.
BUT IT IS GREEN LEAF AND MORE PUBESCENT, FUZZIER.
IF YOU HAVE GREEN, IT IS GREEN HOLY OR PERILLA.
>>THE BASIL IS USUALLY PRETTY EASY TO KILL.
>>THEY ARE KILLED OFF EASILY BY FROST.
>>THANK YOU FOR THAT.  WE GET A LOT OF PEOPLE—
WE MAY SHOW PICTURES NEXT WEEK.
IT MIGHT WORK OUT JUST GREAT.
LET’S GO ON TO LINE THREE, AND IT IS A SOIL QUESTION, FREEZING QUESTION.
WHAT IS YOUR EXACT QUESTION, LINE THREE?
>>CALLER: HI.
GOOD EVENING.
HI THERE.
>>CALLER: MY QUESTION IS I HEARD THE SOIL TEMPS IS FROZEN BELOW FREEZING AT THE 18-INCH LEVEL.
IF THIS IS TRUE, WHAT IS THIS GOING TO DO TO OUR PERENNIALS?
>> IT IS COMMON FOR SOILS TO FREEZE DOWN TO 32 INCHES IN THIS AREA.  SO THAT’S THE FROST LINE.  THAT’S NOT ATYPICAL.
THIS YEAR IS NOT DIFFERENT THAN MOST YEARS.
>>RIGHT, SO IF THEY ARE HARDY IN OUR CLIMATE, THEN THEY HANDLE THAT JUST FINE.
>>UH-HUH.
THE ONLY TIME I HEARD THINGS WERE KILLED OFF WERE SHARP DROP.
BUT WHEN YOU GET A GRADUAL FREEZING, AND WE HAVE HAD FAIRLY GRADUAL THIS YEAR.
AS FAR AS WE KNOW, IT WILL BE JUST FINE BECAUSE BULBS ARE USED TO BEING IN THE GROUND AND FREEZING.
AND THEY ARE HARDY.
I AM GOING TO SAY IT WON’T AFFECT IT.
NOW THAT, WE WILL SEE.
BUT I DON’T REALLY—IS THAT THE CONSENSUS?
WE DON’T THINK IT REALLY SHOULD AFFECT ANYTHING.
>>A LOT OF THINGS YOU SEE IN MINNESOTA, AND THEY ARE FROM BULBS, AND THEY COME UP EVERY YEAR.
>>THAT’S RIGHT.
>>AND ALSO, THIS YEAR WE HAVE HAD A LOT OF SNOWCOVER WHICH HELPS INSULATE.
REALLY HELPS.
IF YOU HAVE ZONE SIX BULBS AND THEY COME UP OCCASIONALLY, YOU WON’T HAVE THOSE THIS YEAR OF BUT IN THEY ARE HARDY, THEY WILL BE JUST FINE.
BUT IT IS A GOOD QUESTION.
THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR THAT QUESTION.
>>THE BULBS WILL CONCENTRATE COLLUDES LIKE PUTTING SALT IN THERE.
IF YOU TAKE SOMETHING GROWING, AND ABSOLUTELY BOTTOM DROPS, THEY WILL BE ALL RIGHT.
>>SPEAKING OF COOLING, THIS IS A GOOD SEGWAY INTO THE MID-AMERICAN GARDENER QUIZ.
LET’S GO TO THAT NEXT, AND LET’S DO IT RIGHT NOW.
HAVE AN INTERESTING THEME WITH THE PLANTS AND COOLING, AND NOW THAT QUESTION.  THAT IS KIND OF GREAT THAT YOU FOLKS ARE GOING RIGHT INTO WHAT WE WERE GOING TO PLAN TO DO ANYWAY.
LET’S GO BACK AROUND TO THE PANELISTS, AND I WILL CALL ON YOU, CHUCK.
>>I HAVE A TOMATO PLANT QUESTION.  IT IS FROM A VIEWER NAMED PAUL.
I WAS WONDERING IF I SHOULD CUT MY TOMATO PLANTS BACK IF THEY ONLY GO SO HIGH?
WOULD IT DO ANY GOOD TO CUT FROM THE TOP AND STILL RECEIVE TOMATOES ON THE BOTTOM?
>> I THINK THERE ARE BETTER SOLUTIONS TO THAT PROBABLY.
THERE ARE INDETERMINATE TOMATOES THAT GET TALLER THROUGH THE WHOLE GROWING SEASON.
THEY ARE DETERMINANT TOMATOES THAT GROW SO HIGH AND STOP, THEY ARE IN CLUSTER.
THOSE WILL NATURALLY STAY SHORTER.
BEST FOLIAGE AND BEST PHOTOSYNTHETIC AREA WILL BE IN THE TOP OF THE PLANT.  IF YOU CUT THAT OUT, AND KIND OF STARVE THE TOMATOES ON THE BOTTOM, THEY MAY GO AHEAD AND RIPEN.  BUT I DON’T THINK THEY WILL BE WONDERFUL.
GREENHOUSES, WHERE THEY GROW TOMATOES LONG-TERM WILL ACTUALLY KEEP HARVESTING THE TOMATOES UP.
WHEN THEY GET SO HIGH, THEY WILL LET THE BOTTOM PART DOWN AND TAKE OFF ALL THE LEAVES AND JUST KEEP THE TOP PART UP IN THE LIGHT AND GROWING.
YOU MIGHT TRY THAT.
BUT TAKING THE TOP OFF IS KIND OF TAKING THE BEST PART OF IT AWAY.
THERE ARE TOMATOES THAT WILL STAY SHORTER NATURALLY.
THAT WOULD BE MY ANSWER.
>>OKAY.
VERY GOOD.
>>SEEMS LIKE THERE IS NEVER A TIME WE SHOULDN’T TALK ABOUT TOMATOES ALL THROUGH THE YEAR.
ALWAYS QUESTIONS ABOUT TOMATOES.
REALLY NASTY, NOT VERY RED ONE ON A SANDWICH TODAY THAT MADE ME THINK ABOUT—
>>WISHING YOU HAD REAL TOMATOES!
(LAUGHING) MIKE, LET’S GO TO YOU NEXT.
>>OKAY.
WE HAVE GOT A VERY EXCITING OPPORTUNITY IN THE CITY OF URBANA, AND THAT IS WE ARE IN A SITUATION HERE WHERE WE ARE REMOVING ONE OF OUR LARGEST STREET TREES—WELL, THE LARGEST STREET TREE WHICH MAKES US ALL SAD.
IT IS A LARGE HACKBERRY.
SIM LIVED ON THE SITE, AND WE THINK THE TREE IS AROUND 200 YEARS OLD.
COMMUNITY SUPPORT FOR THIS TREE IS PHENOMENAL.
IT HAS GROWN INTO AN IDEA OF MEMORIALIZING.
ARTISTS HAVE CONTACTED US, DRAW THE TREE, BOTANICALS, PEOPLE TALKING ABOUT MAKING BOWLS, PLATEWARE, PINS AND SMALL ITEMS OUT OF THE WOOD.
THERE IS A PERSON THAT HAS CONTACTED US ABOUT DOING A MURAL ON A BUILDING WALL IN THE DOWNTOWN AREA.
THERE ARE A LOT OF IDEAS COMING AT US.
WE HAD AN ARTIST, MICHAEL PITTMAN THAT BROUGHT AN IDEA THAT I THINK IS PRETTY NEAT.  HE WANTS TO TAKE A TREE SLICE OUT OF THE TRUNK AND MAKE A BENCH OUT OF IT AND ACTUALLY MARK THE YEARS OF HISTORIC EVENTS IN URBANA ON THE BACK OF THE BENCH.  THAT’S ANOTHER IDEA.
THE COMMUNITY IS SOLICITING FUNDING FOR THIS MEMORIAL THAT WE ARE LOOKING TO DO, AND I HOPE WE CAN DO MORE THAN ONE MEMORIAL FOR THIS TREE.
SO I’D LIKE TO SOLICIT ARTISTS TO CONTACT ME.
WE ARE LOOKING FOR ARTISTS’ PROPOSALS THAT WANT TO GET INVOLVED IN MEMORIALIZING SIM HACKBERRY.
I PROVIDED MY CONTACT INFORMATION AT CITY OF URBANA.
YOU CAN REACH ME IF YOU’D LIKE TO BE A PART OF THIS MEMORIAL, THIS COMMUNITY EVENT.
VERY GOOD.
BE SURE TO CONTACT MIKE.
IT IS FUN.
>>THE FUN THING ABOUT THIS PROJECT, IT TRULY BRINGS HISTORIC, NATURAL AND ARTISTIC PERSPECTIVE TOGETHER IN ONE PROJECT.
SOME OF THE IDEAS THAT ARE COMING IN AND HOW WE CAN MEMORIALIZE THIS TREE CERTAINLY FROM A SIMPLE PLAQUE AND STUMP, TO COUNTING THE RINGS, TO WALL MURAL OR BENCH OR WHAT HAVE YOU.
DON HAS AN IDEA.
>>MAKE A BENCH AND PUT IT IN THE CHILDREN’S GARDEN SECTION AT THE—
>>IDEA GARDEN AYE DE GARDEN.
>>LOTS OF COOL IDEAS.
EAST WALL OF TURNER HALL WHICH IS SOLID BRICKS WHICH IS COULD USE.
>>IT COULD BE FULL SIZE.
>>BIGGER THAN FULL SIZE!
>>IT IS AN IDEA.
>>TWO IDEAS ALREADY.  I HOPE TO GET MORE.
>>TWO OUT OF THREE.
THAT’S GREAT.
>>THANK YOU, MIKE.
THAT’S A GOOD IDEA.
DON, WHAT HAVE YOU GOT NEXT FOR US?
>> I HAVE A QUESTION ON RED BUD TREES.
THE VIEWER WRITES IN THE LAST TWO YEARS, LOST TWO OF THE RED BUD TREES, AND SYMPTOMS ARE IDENTICAL TO THOSE OF VERTICILLIUM WILT.
THAT IS NOT UNCOMMON TO HAVE RED BUDS ARE LIKE MAGNET FOR VERTICILLIUM WILT.
A LOT OF TIMES, SOMETIMES WHEN YOU BRING THEM IN FROM THE NURSERY, THEY ARE ALREADY INFECTED.  BUT THE DISEASE IS EXTREMELY SLOW.
IT MIGHT TAKE FIVE, TEN, 15 YEARS.
I WATCHED ONE OF THEM GRADE SCHOOL PRINCIPAL’S FRONT YARD I KEPT WANTING TO CUT OUT OF THERE FOR TEN OR 12 YEARS BEFORE I FINALLY GOT TO HAVE IT BECAUSE IT DIED.
IT LIMPED ALONG.
ONES REAL OLD HERE IN TOWN PROBABLY CAME UP FROM SEED.
WHAT IS GOING TO HAPPEN, YES, RED BURDEN, VERTICILLIUM GO TOGETHER.
THE REASON YOU PROBABLY LOST SOME THE LAST COUPLE YEARS BECAUSE THE DROUGHT STRESS AND THINGS LIKE THAT.
WHAT WILL HAPPEN IS THE STRESS FROM DROUGHT KIND OF PUSHES THE TREE OVER THE EDGE, AND THE VERTICILLIUM WILT COLONIZES THE XYLEM VESSELS.
NOT AT ALL SURPRISING.
ISN’T ANYTHING YOU CAN DO ABOUT IT.
DON’T PLANT RED BUD IN THE SAME LOCATION.
IN FACT, MOST OF THE THINGS LIKE MAPLES AND ALL THAT ARE SUSCEPTIBLE.
>>OKAY.
GOOD ADVICE.
AND SO MANY PEOPLE HAVE RED BUDS.
>> YEAH, BUT THEY DON’T HAVE THEM FOR A WHOLE LONG TIME.
>>NOT VERY LONG TIME.
>>PUT A TREE IN ITS PLACE.
>>OHHH, AHHH.
>>I DON’T THINK THEY ARE SUSCEPTIBLE TO VERTICILLIUM.
>>YOU WOULD THINK THEY WOULD BE.
>>WHAT ABOUT SERVICE BERRY?
>> I DON’T KNOW.
ANYWAY WE ARE TRYING TO HELP OUT ALL THE RED BUD STOPS.
>>USUALLY DON’T SEE IT ON OAKS.
ATTACK OAKS, BUT USUALLY DON’T SEE IT ON OAKS.
>>WE WILL GO TO THE PHONE LINES NEXT AND START WITH LINE ONE, A QUESTION ABOUT ORCHIDS.
HI THERE, LINE ONE.
>>CALLER: HI THERE.
THANK YOU FOR TAKING MY CALL.
YOU ARE WELCOME.
>>CALLER: I HAVE A PROBLEM WITH ORCHIDS, CENTER DIED DURING THE SUMMER.
IT GOT WET.
AND THEY HAD A FLOWER SPIKE.
I CUT THE FLOWERS OFF, AND THE NODE DOWN FROM THE FLOWERS STARTED GROWING WHEAT.
IT STARTED SHOOTING LITTLE ROOTS.
BUT THEN IT STARTED SPIKING MORE FLOWERS.
SO I DIDN’T KNOW IF I SHOULD CUT THAT OFF AND TRY TO PROPAGATE THAT.
>>DID YOU STILL HAVE SOME OF THE BASE LEAVES STILL ON YOUR ORCHID?
>>CALLER: YES.
>>I WOULD ENJOY THAT AS AN INTERESTING EXPERIMENT.
BECAUSE IT WOULDN’T HURT ANYTHING.
I DON’T KNOW IF ANYONE ELSE WANTS TO PUT TWO CENTS IN.
BUT IT IS COMING FROM THE FLOWER SPIKE.
IT COULD JUST BE.
>>CALLER: ON TOP OF IT, IT IS SHOOTING OUT A FLOWER SPIKE IN CENTER OF THOSE.
THERE IS RED AT THE BASE OF THE WHEAT.
LEAVES ARE ONLY AN INCH LONG.
>> WHY WOULDN’T YOU LET IT FLOWER FIRST AND THEN THINK ABOUT PROPAGATING IT?
>>CALLER: WELL, I WAS THINKING OF CUTTING THE SPIKE OUT AND LETTING IT GROW MORE LEAVES.
I DIDN’T KNOW IF IT COULD DO THAT.
>>IT MIGHT SURVIVE AND FORM A NEW PLANT, BUT I DON’T THINK THE FLOWER SPIKE COULD SURVIVE THE PROPAGATION PROCESS.
>>I WOULD ACTUALLY SEE WHAT HAPPENS WITH THAT FLOWER SPIKE.
THAT WOULD BE—LET IT LEAF OUT.
IF THERE ARE ROOTS FORMING, WAIT UNTIL AFTER THE LEAF BECAUSE YOU DON’T WANT—YOU WANT IT TO BE VEGETATIVE, NOT REPRODUCTIVE.
>>ROOTS ARE USED TO BEING IN THE AIR, SHOULDN’T ADVERSELY AFFECT THEM JUST TO GROW AWHILE.
>>USE AS EXPERIMENT.
THEN TRIM BACK THE FLOWER PART AND MAYBE PLANT—TRIM IT OFF.
ENJOY THE FLOWERS FIRST.
>>EXACTLY.
ENJOY THE FLOWERS.
THAT’S GREAT.
THANK YOU.
THAT IS REALLY INTERESTING.
THANK YOU FOR YOUR QUESTION.
LET’S MOVE ON TO LINE FIVE ABOUT EVERGREENS.
HI.
LINE FIVE.
>>CALLER: HI.
THANKS FOR TAKING MY CALL.
>>YOU ARE WELCOME.
>>CALLER: MY HUSBAND AND I STARTED OUT AT THE END OF LAST MARCH TRYING TO ESTABLISH A WINDBREAK.
WE STARTED OUT WITH TEN NORWAY SPRUCE AND TEN DOUGLAS FIR AND FIVE BLUE SPRUCE.
AND THEY ARE 18-INCH SEEDLINGS.
RIGHT AROUND THE TIME WE PLANTED THEM WAS WHEN WE GOT SO MANY RAIN, AND IT WAS REALLY, REALLY WET.
AND THEY ALL DIED AND WE FIGURED IT WAS BECAUSE IT WAS TOO WET.
I DON’T THINK TREES GET TOO MUCH WATER.
BUT THEY CAN GET TOO MUCH WATER.
>>WRAP IT UP BECAUSE WE ARE ABOUT AT THE END.
>>CALLER: WE REPLANTED THEM.
WE BOUGHT NEW SEEDLINGS AT THE END OF AUGUST, AND WE WERE REAL CAREFUL ABOUT THE DEPTH.
WE ARE CAREFUL ABOUT WATERING THEM EVERY DAY, AND EVERY LAST SINGLE ONE OF THEM, BUT TWO DOUGLAS FIR DIED.
DO WE NEED TO CHECK OUR SOIL?
>> I THINK YOU WATERED THEM TOO OFTEN.
>>UH-HUH.
>>GENERALLY, THE WOODY PLANTS DON’T NEED WATER LIKE AN ANNUAL FLOWER WOULD.
IT COULD BE YOUR SOIL IS NOT DRAINING VERY WELL, BUT CERTAINLY DAILY WATERING IS WAY TOO MUCH.
MAYBE EVERY THREE DAYS IN THE VERY HEAT OF THE SUMMER, BUT TYPICALLY ONCE A WEEK OR ONCE EVERY FIVE DAYS WOULD BE SUFFICIENT.
>>SO DON’T OVERDO IT.
OKAY.
WE WILL HAVE TO WRAP IT UP.
THAT WAS VERY GOOD.
THANK YOU, MIKE.
WE THANK YOU FOR WATCHING.  I WANT TO THANK EACH OF YOU FOR ALL YOUR EXPERTISE.
I HOPE YOU GET OUT AND GARDEN WHETHER IT IS INDOORS OR OUT.
WE WILL SEE YOU NEXT TIME.
GOOD-BYE.
>>

Air Dates and Times

Channel Day Time
WILL-TV, Urbana Thursdays 7 pm (live)
  Saturdays 11 am (repeat)
WTVP-TV, Peoria Saturdays 10:30 am
WEIU-TV, Charleston Sundays 4:30 pm
WILL-AM/90.9 HD2 & HD3, Urbana Saturdays 6:30 am
WSEC-TV, Springfield Saturdays 11 am
WQEC-TV, Quincy Saturdays 11 am
WMEC-TV, Macomb Saturdays 11 am
WYCC-TV, Chicago Wednesdays 1 pm

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