Mid-American Gardener: Apple Scabs, Japanese Maples, Peach Trees

January 09, 2014

For the very first time, Jim Schuster was hosting Mid-American Gardener along with guest panelists Jennifer Nelson, Kaizad Irani and Kent Miles. The discussion touched upon Apple Scabs, Japanese Maples, Peach Trees and much more. Jennifer Nelson showed how to organize your seeds and Kent Miles displayed different types of Pussy Willows and how you can use them in your home displays.

>>> WELCOME TO MID-AMERICAN GARDENER.
I AM JIM SCHUSTER.
I AM A RETIRED EXTENSION HORTICULTURALIST AND PLANT PATHOLOGIST.
WE WILL START OFF IMMEDIATELY WITH A ROUND OF E-MAILS, AND WE WILL START WITH YOU, KENT.
>>OKAY.
THANKS.
I GOT AN E-MAIL WITH REGARDS TO PEONIES FROM A CALLER FROM DECATUR THAT SENT IN THIS E-MAIL.
OUR PEONIES HAVEN’T DONE TOO WELL DUE TO THE SHADE.
WHAT IS THE BEST TIME TO TRANSPLANT AND DO YOU NEED FULL OR PARTIAL SUN?
THANKS FOR YOUR PROGRAM AND INFORMATION YOU SUPPLY.
GENERALLY PEONIES ON TRANSPLANTING, THEY GENERALLY PREFER OCTOBER TO NOVEMBER FOR THE TIME OF YEAR TO DO IT.
YOU WANT TO DO IT BEFORE THE GROUND FREEZES IN THE FALL, AND GENERALLY OCTOBER IS GOING TO BE A LITTLE BIT MORE WATER RAINFALL WHICH WILL HELP ESTABLISH THE ROOTS BEFORE WINTER.
YOU WANT TO PLANT THEM ABOUT TWO INCHES BELOW THE SOIL SURFACE, AND PREFERABLY FULL SUN WORKS OUT BEST FOR PEONIES.
YOU CAN GO A LITTLE BIT AFTERNOON SUN WOULD BE MORE PREFERRED IF YOU WERE TO HAVE A SHADY LOCATION.
>>DON’T THEY TAKE ONE OR TWO YEARS TO COME BACK AND BLOOM AFTER THEY HAVE BEEN MOVED.
>>GENERALLY, AFTER A TRANSPLANT, THEY DO TAKE A COUPLE OF YEARS TO GET ESTABLISHED.
YOU WILL GET A FEW BLOOMS THE FIRST COUPLE OF YEARS,
BUT GENERALLY THREE OR FOUR BEFORE IT KICKS INTO FULL PRODUCTION.
>>WANT TO MAKE SURE THEY DIDN’T THINK THEY SCREWED UP WHEN IT DOESN’T COME BACK!
(LAUGHING) JENNIFER?
>> I AM JENNIFER NELSON, HORTICULTURE EDUCATOR WITH UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS EXTENSION.
I HAVE A SHOW AND TELL INSTEAD OF AN E-MAIL FOR THIS ROUND.
A LOT OF US ARE THINKING ABOUT STARTING SEEDS THIS TIME OF YEAR.
THIS IS A HEAT MAT FOR STARTING SEEDS.
THEY ARE AVAILABLE ALL OVER THE PLACE THIS TIME OF YEAR.
I WAS REALLY RELUCTANT TO BUY ONE BECAUSE THEY ARE ABOUT $20 FOR THIS SIZE.
YOU MIGHT THINK, OH, I WILL JUST USE A HEATING PAD, BUT THAT’S NOT SAFE TO USE AROUND WATER.
THIS IS DESIGNED TO BE USED UNDER A FLAT.
THIS IS EXACTLY THE SIZE OF A FLAT FOR SEED STARTING, AND THIS IS A REAL BASIC MODEL.
YOU CAN GET MODELS THAT WOULD ADJUST SPECIFIC TEMPERATURES.
THIS JUST RAISES THE TEMPERATURES A FEW DEGREES ABOVE WHAT YOUR ROOM TEMPERATURES IS.
I TRIED IT, AND IT WORKS GREAT.
MY GERMINATION RATES ON SEEDS WENT UP DRAMATICALLY, AND EVERYTHING COMES UP MORE OR LESS AT THE SAME TIME.
YOU ARE NOT HAVING THIS BIG STAGGERED GERMINATION IN YOUR FLAT.
IT IS DEFINITELY WORTH THE INVESTMENT.
THIS IS ABOUT SEVEN YEARS OLD, AND IT STILL GOING STRONG.
I HAVEN’T BROKEN IT YET.
SO THAT’S A GOOD INVESTMENT I THINK FOR THE HOME GARDENER.
>>THANK YOU.
AND NOW YOUR TURN.
HI.
I AM KAIZAD IRANI, PROGRAM DIRECTOR FOR HORTICULTURE IN LANDSCAPE DESIGN AT PARKLAND COLLEGE.
THE QUESTION I HAVE TODAY IS ACTUALLY FROM MARY DICKINSON.
HI, MARY, FROM LODA.
IT IS WITH REGARDS TO A BLACK TUPELO NYSSA SYLVATICA, APPARENTLY ABOUT FIVE YEARS OLD, APPARENTLY BASED ON WHAT YOU HAVE PROVIDED US, MARY, YOU HAVE BEEN FOLLOWING THE RIGHT WATERING INSTRUCTIONS AND SO ON.
BUT YOU ARE HAVING ISSUES APPARENTLY WITH THE FOLIAGE AND HAVING SOME BROWN SPOTS ON THEM.
THEY ARE GREAT TREES, GREAT FALL COLOR.
A COUPLE OF KEY THINGS TO REMEMBER ABOUT BLACK TUPELO, THEY PREFER SLIGHTLY HIGH PH, MAKE SURE YOU ARE WORKING WITH THE SOIL ON THAT.
OTHER KEY THING IS WATERING.
SOUNDS LIKE YOU WERE DOING THE WATERING.
THE LEAF SPOTS YOU ARE SEEING, THAT’S SOMETHING THEY ARE PRONE TO.
THEY ARE PRONE TO ACTUALLY LEAF SPOTS AND RUST AS SOME OF US KNOW.
I DON’T THINK IT IS ANYTHING THAT YOU ARE DOING WRONG, JUST MAKE SURE YOU FOLLOW THE PROPER WATERING PRACTICES, NOT OVER WATERING IT, AND HOPEFULLY YOU SHOULD BE OKAY.
BUT NO WORRIES.
I MEAN ANY TIME WE HAVE ISSUES WITH PLANTS, WE ALL DO GET CONCERNED.
JUST HANG IN THERE.
>>ALL RIGHT.
THANK YOU.
I HAVE AN E-MAIL FROM M MURPHY.
HE HAS TWO CRAB APPLES.
ONE IS 20 YEARS OLD, AND THE OTHER ONE IS ABOUT A YEAR OLD.
THEY BASICALLY HAVE NO LEAVES AND THEY SUGGEST APPLE SCAB WHICH IS VERY TRUE FOR APPLE SCAB INTERNET SAYS TO SPRAY THE TREES THREE TIMES, AND THEY WERE ASKING FOR MORE DETAILS HOW TO SPRAY AND WHAT TO SPRAY WITH.
>>FIRST OF ALL, APPLE SCAB ATTACKS AT BUD BREAK.
YOU WILL WANT THE FIRST SPRAY GOING ON WHEN THE BUD IS ONE FOURTH GREEN, AND THEN YOU WILL SPRAY ACCORDING TO LABEL DIRECTIONS FOR THE INTERVAL EVERY TIME UNTIL YOU HAVE GONE TWO WEEKS PAST PETAL DROP.
THE CHEMICALS THAT YOU CAN USE ARE CAPTAN, CHLOROTHALONIL, SULFUR.
IF THAT ONE IS USED, WATCH THE TEMPERATURES AND YOUR CONCENTRATION BECAUSE IT IS CONSIDERED A HOT FUNGICIDE WHICH MEANS IT CAN BURN EASILY WHEN MISUSED.
ANOTHER ONE IS PROPICONAZOLE, AND POTASSIUM BICARBONATE, AND CALCIUM POLY SULFITE.
THOSE ARE SOME OF THE PRODUCTS TO HELP YOU CONTROL APPLE SCAB.
NOW, I’D LIKE TO HAVE YOU GO TO “DID YOU KNOW” NOW.
HI, AGAIN WE WILL NOW TAKE SOME PHONE CALLS.
OUR FIRST ONE ON LINE ONE IS A TREE HIT BY LIGHTNING.
HELLO, LISTENER?
>> CALLER:  CAN YOU HEAR ME?
>> YES, I CAN.
>>CALLER: I HAVE A MAPLE TREE IN MY YARD.
IT HAD BEEN HIT BY LIGHTNING LIKE TWO DIFFERENT TIMES IN THE PAST TWO AND A HALF YEARS.
I AM GOING TO BE CUTTING IT DOWN THIS SPRING HOPEFULLY.
IS IT OKAY TO—I’D LIKE TO PLANT A TREE BASICALLY IN THE SAME AREA THAT IT IS IN CLOSE TO WHERE IT ACTUALLY GREW BECAUSE IT IS KIND OF LIKE CENTRALLY LOCATED IN MY YARD.
I WANTED TO MAKE SURE IT WOULD BE OKAY TO PLANT IT CLOSE TO THAT OR IF THE ROOTS FROM THE TREE I AM CUTTING DOWN WILL CHOKE IT OFF OR STOP IT FROM GROWING.
>>THAT WOULD BE MY ONLY—I WOULD SAY A CONCERN, DEPENDING ON THE SIZE OF THE TREE THAT YOU CUT DOWN IS THE ROOT MASS THAT YOU WOULD BE DEALING WITH.
ALTHOUGH THE TREE HAS BEEN CUT DOWN, I MEAN YOU STILL HAVE THE ROOT MASS.
SO YOUR NEW TREE WOULD BE COMPETING, NOT SO MUCH FOR THE MOISTURE, BUT JUST ROOT SPACE.
THAT WOULD BE MY OPINION.
I MEAN IF YOU CAN MOVE IT SLIGHTLY AWAY—DEPENDING WHAT YOU ARE PLANNING WHAT YOUR NEW TREE WILL BE, JUST SEE IF YOU CAN GET IT SLIGHTLY FARTHER AWAY.
>>CALLER: I AM LOOKING AT PLANTING A FRUIT TREE POSSIBLY, HOPEFULLY AN APPLE TREE, LIKE AT LEAST FIVE FEET FROM IT WOULD BE OKAY, OR WOULD YOU RECOMMEND A LONGER DISTANCE THAN THAT?
>> AGAIN, HOW—
>>HOW BIG DIAMETER IS THE TRUNK?
>>CALLER: IT IS PROBABLY ABOUT A FOOT IN DIAMETER.
>>OH, SO APPLE TREE WOULD BE MUCH SMALLER.
>>YEAH, AND FIVE FEET OUT, ON ONE FOOT DIAMETER TRUNK SHOULD BE PAST ALL THE BIG ROOTS.
>>CALLER: YOU THINK IT WOULD BE OKAY THEN, OR NOT OKAY?
>> I WOULD SAY YES.
>>I WOULD SAY, YES, TOO.
>>CALLER: THANK YOU VERY MUCH.
>>YOU ARE WELCOME.
WE WILL GO TO LINE THREE, AND WE HAVE TULIP BULBS AND WHAT TO DO WITH THEM I ASSUME IN THE WINTERTIME.
>>CALLER: WE BOUGHT A BAG OF BULBS, AND WE FORGOT ABOUT THEM.
WE WANT TO KNOW HOW TO SAVE THEM THROUGH THE WINTER.
>>I CAN ANSWER THAT BECAUSE I DID THE EXACT SAME THING.
I WAS TEMPTED BY SOME BARGAIN BULBS A DOLLAR A BAG IN DECEMBER.
I HAD EVERY INTENTION OF BUYING THEM, THERE WAS A FEW YEARS AGO, AND IT WASN’T—THE GROUND WASN’T FROZEN.
I FORGOT ABOUT THEM.
I LEFT THEM IN MY GARAGE WHICH WAS UNHEATED.
COME APRIL, I DECIDED WHAT DID I HAVE TO LOSE. I DECIDED TO GO OUT AND PLANT THEM.
A LOT BLOOMED THAT YEAR.
SINCE THEN, MOST EVERY ONE OF THEM HAS COME BACK AND BLOOMED.
IN MY CASE, IT WAS HYACINTH AND DAFFODIL, BUT STILL, SAME WOULD APPLY.
THEY ARE GETTING THE COLD TREATMENT IN YOUR GARAGE, THEY ARE JUST NOT IN THE GROUND.
THAT’S THE KEY THING, TEMPERATURES, AND NOT HAVING MOISTURE AND HUMIDITY AROUND THEM.
SO, YEAH, OR SOMETIMES PEOPLE PUT THEM IN A BASEMENT OR ANYTHING THAT IS COOL AND DRY IS THE CRITICAL ISSUE THERE.
>>AS LONG AS THE BULB FEELS HEAVY AND IT IS NOT SMOOSHY.
>>IF IT IS GREENISH LOOKING, IT IS MOLD, TOSS IT AWAY.
BLUISH GREEN.
>>THAT GREEN IS NOT HEALTHY.  GREEN IS GOOD, BUT NOT THERE!
>>CALLER: I JUST LEAVE THEM IN THE PLASTIC BAG.
>>YOU WANT TO MAKE SURE THERE IS AIR CIRCULATION.
>>CALLER: THANK YOU.
>>STORING BAGS THAT ONIONS COME IN, SO THERE IS AIR CIRCULATION GOING THROUGH AND NO MOISTURE ISSUES, YOU SHOULD BE FINE.
>>CALLER: OKAY, THANK YOU.
>>YOU ARE WELCOME.
WE WILL GO TO ANOTHER ROUND OF E-MAILS OR YOU HAVE A SHOW AND TELL?
>> I HAVE A SHOW AND TELL.
I BROUGHT THIS IN THIS EVENING.
I CUT IT THIS AFTERNOON, ONE OF OUR VARIETIES OF PUSSY WILLOW AT ILLINOIS WILLOWS.
THIS PARTICULAR VARIETY IS CALLED GIANT.
LEFT ON THE PLANT, THESE LITTLE CATKINS YOU SEE GOING UP THE LENGTH OF THE STEM WILL END UP ABOUT THE SIZE OF YOUR THUMB.
IT IS ONE OF OUR LARGER CATKIN PRODUCING PUSSY WILLOWS.
WE ALSO DO ANOTHER ONE CALLED PURPLE HEIRLOOM WHICH HAS A BLONDE BARK WITH PURPLE HUE TO THE CATKINS.
THOSE ARE PARALLEL WHERE THESE ARE STAGGERED UP THE STEM.
WE DO ANOTHER ONE CALLED RUBIKINS WHICH IS ALSO IN THE BLONDE WOOD, BUT HAS A PINKY HUE, AND THOSE ARE FORM OF LITTLE MINIATURE CATKINS.
THIS IS ALL THE LARGER THOSE WOULD GET.
WE DO TRADITIONAL PUSSY WILLOW, IT IS REDDISH TO BROWN WOOD, AND MEDIUM SIZE CATKIN WHICH YOU SEE EVERY WHERE.
>>HOW LONG DID IT TAKE FOR THE CATKINS TO COME OUT?
>>THESE I FORCED. I HAD TO PEEL BACK THE OUTSIDE COVERING.
WE WILL START TO CUT THEM THE NEXT WEEK OR SO, AND THEN WE WILL BE FORCING THEM.
GENERALLY TAKES TWO TO THREE WEEKS, DEPENDING ON THE TIME OF THE YEAR.
>>WHEN YOU FORCE THEM, DO YOU CHANGE THE WATER REGULARLY?
>> ABOUT ONCE A WEEK.
WE FILL FIVE GALLON BUCKETS AND DO IT THAT WAY.
>>ALMOST LOOKED LIKE YOU TINTED THEM WITH A SILVER—I MEAN THEY ARE A NICE COLOR CONTRAST.
I AM SURE THEY MAKE A GREAT ARRANGEMENT.
>>REALLY NICE PRODUCT FOR SPRING WHICH IS ALSO NOW, THE WINTER!
(LAUGHING) SOMETHING SPRING!
IF YOU HAVE PUSSY WILLOWS IN YOUR YARD, YOU CAN CUT THEM NOW AND BRING THEM IN THE HOUSE AND ENJOY THEM FOR A MONTH OR SO OR LONGER.
>>GREAT.
>> BEAUTIFUL.
>>I’D LIKE TO MAKE A COMMENT FOR PEOPLE GROWING PUSSY WILLOWS, AND SOMETIMES WISE TO KEEP THEM PRUNED SEVERELY AND KEEP DOWN THE CANKERS.
>>A LOT WILL GET THE CANKERS.
>>JENNIFER?
>> I HAVE ANOTHER SHOW AND TELL, THIS BEING THE NEW YEAR AND TIME FOR ORGANIZING EVERYTHING.
WE SEE ALL THESE ADS.
THIS IS ACTUALLY FROM THE OFFICE SUPPLY AISLE, BUT I DECIDED TO USE IT FOR FILES, I USE IT FOR SEEDS.
THIS IS ACTUAL SEEDS FROM AN ACTUAL HORTICULTURE EDUCATOR.
SO AS MESSY OR AS NEAT YOU THINK THIS MIGHT BE, BUT IT WORKS FOR ME.
I KEEP EVERYTHING IN HERE.
THE KEY TO SEED STORAGE IS DON’T STORE THEM IN YOUR GARAGE.
YOU WANT TO STORE THEM SOMEWHERE WHERE IT IS COOL AND DRY.
GENERALLY SPEAKING OUR GARAGES ARE NEITHER.
SO I STORE THIS IN THE HOUSE ON A SHELF.
IT DOES REALLY WELL FOR ME.
>>NOW SOME PEOPLE HAVE ASKED CAN YOU STORE THEM IN THE REFRIGERATOR?
>> YES, I HAVE SEEN PEOPLE DO THAT, AND I HAVE SEEN THEM USE DIFFERENT DESICCANTS, EVEN POWDERED MILK CAN BE USE AS A DESICCANT.
YOU WANT TO AVOID MOISTURE.
I HAVE SEEN PEOPLE STORE IN THE FREEZE YOUR.
>>MOISTURE HASN’T BEEN AN ISSUE?
>> MOST SEEDS HAVE VERY LITTLE MOISTURE.
IT DESTROYS THE VIABILITY IN THE FREEZER.
BUT, YEAH, GO OUTSIDE THE GARDEN DEPARTMENT, AND GO IN THE OFFICE DEPARTMENT.
>>VERY CREATIVE.
>>(LAUGHING)
>>THAT’S AMAZING.
>>MY SECOND QUESTION IS WITH REGARDS TO A LACE LEAF JAPANESE MAPLE, FORTUNATELY THIS IS ONE WE HAVE IN OUR FRONT YARD.
ACTUALLY ONE OF MY—OR OUR PRIDE AND JOY, OTHER THAN OUR TWO BOYS, OF COURSE.
BUT THE MAPLE IS SOMETHING THAT THE CALLER HAD THIS QUESTION OR OUR VIEWER SENT THIS IN THE CONCERN WAS THAT BARK PEELING AT THE BASE, A COUPLE OF BRANCHES AND TRUNK.
I APPRECIATE THE PICTURES YOU SENT BECAUSE IT HELPS WITH OUR DIAGNOSIS OR PROGNOSIS OR WHATEVER THE RIGHT WORD MIGHT BE.
JAPANESE MAPLES, ACER PALMATUM.
I WILL GET TO THE CANKER ISSUE.  BUT MAKING SURE A LOT OF PEOPLE DON’T REALIZE, THEY ARE SUSCEPTIBLE TO IMPROPER WATERING.
WHAT HAPPENS IS IF YOU DO NOT—IF YOU DO NOT WATER THEM AT THE RIGHT TIME, THEY WILL HAVE ISSUES WITH LEAF CURL.
FOR EXAMPLE, A LOT OF PEOPLE, BECAUSE OF THE DELICATE NATURE OF THE LEAF IN THE SUMMER, THINK THEY NEED TO WATER THEM RIGHT IN THE MIDDLE OF THE DAY WHILE IT IS HOT.
DO NOT DO THAT.
NOT A GOOD IDEA.
EITHER SLIGHTLY EARLIER IN THE MORNING OR LATER IN THE EVENING CERTAINLY HELPS.
ALSO, WHAT HAPPENS IS THEY ARE VERY PRONE TO VERTICILLIUM WILT.
SOMETIMES THAT CAN TAKE THE TREE DOWN.
THAT’S NOT THE BEST THING.
IT IS MOISTURE RELATED ISSUE, BUT THE CANKER PRIMARILY THIS IS SOMETHING THAT THEY ARE SUSCEPTIBLE TO IF YOU HAVEN’T PRUNED THE TREE PROPERLY AT THE BASE BECAUSE A LOT OF THESE LACE LEAF JAPANESE MAPLES ACTUALLY BRANCHES AT THE BOTTOM.
WHAT HAPPENS, PEOPLE WILL ACTUALLY TRY TO CUT THEM OR PRUNE THEM AT THE BASE, AND THAT’S AN ISSUE.
PLEASE—I MEAN THAT’S SOMETHING YOU WANT TO BE CAREFUL WITH.
SOUNDS LIKE I HAVE GIVEN YOUR PICTURES, IT SOUNDS LIKE IT IS A CANKER AT THE BASE.  I CANNOT TELL IF IT IS A FUNGAL CANKER.
FOLIAGE ACTUALLY LOOKS PRETTY HEALTHY.
THE BARK LOOKS HEALTHY.
SO I WOULD JUST KEEP AN EYE ON IT.
REALLY THERE IS NOTHING MUCH YOU CAN DO AT THIS POINT.
I DON’T WANT TO ENCOURAGE SPRAYING.
A LOT OF TIMES PEOPLE WILL SPRAY STUFF ON IT OR PUT SOMETHING ON IT TO PREVENT THAT, BUT ACTUALLY WITH SOME OF THESE ISSUES WITH THE BARK, JUST MAKE SURE IT HAS PROPER AIR CIRCULATION.
IF THERE IS ANYTHING ALSO MAKE SURE THERE IS NO WATER, STANDING WATER.
THAT’S WHERE A LOT OF THESE FUNGAL CANKERS HAPPEN RIGHT AT THE BASE. SO THAT WOULD BE MY SUGGESTION TO YOU, AND LOOKS PRETTY HEALTHY FROM THE FOLIAGE, DOESN’T IT?
I MEAN THAT’S SOMETHING I WOULDN’T, YOU KNOW, WOULDN’T WORRY ABOUT.
>>THANK YOU.
WE WILL GO BACK TO THE PHONE CALLS, AND LINE ONE WE ARE HAVING A HONEY LOCUST QUESTION.
CALLER ONE?
>>CALLER: YES, I HAVE TWO HONEY LOCUSTS IN MY BACKYARD, AND THEY ARE A GOOD DISTANCE APART ABOUT ONE HUNDRED YARDS.
THEY ARE ABOUT THE SAME AGE AND HEIGHT, BUT AWHILE AGO, ONE OF THEM JUST STARTED DYING, AND THEY ARE ABOUT THE SAME LEVEL ON THE GROUND.
I WAS WONDERING WHY IT WAS DYING BECAUSE THE OTHER ONE IS REALLY, REALLY HEALTHY.
>>HOW OLD ARE THESE HONEY LOCUSTS?
>>CALLER: WHAT?
>> HOW OLD ARE THEY?
>>CALLER: I WOULD SUSPECT TEN YEARS.
>> THEY ARE PRONE TO BUNCH OF DIFFERENT KINDS OF CANKERS.
BUT GENERALLY, THEY ARE A LOT OLDER AND CAN HANDLE THE CANKERS.
THEY TAKE A LOT OF ABUSE UNTIL ONE DAY THEY SAY IT IS ONE ABUSE TOO OFTEN, TOO MANY.
THEN THE CANKER JUST, BOOM, HIT THE TREE, AND THEN IT IS TOO LATE TO SAVE THEM.
BUT YOUR TREE IS ONLY TEN YEARS OLD, AND IT SHOULD BE ABLE TO TAKE THAT A LOT LONGER BEFORE IT STARTED SHOWING IT.
SO MY QUESTION WOULD BE HOW BAD IS THAT GROWING SITE WHERE THAT CANKER IS DECLINING?
IS IT REALLY ROCKY SOIL?
IS IT A REALLY DRY AREA?
IS IT A REALLY WET AREA?
SOMETHING LIKE THAT, AND DIFFERENT FROM WHERE THE OTHER HONEY LOCUST IS GROWING.
>>CALLER: YEAH, THANKS.
IT IS A PRETTY YOUNG TREE.
WE HAVE HAD REALLY DRY, REALLY TOUGH SUMMERS.
SO PERHAPS DROUGHT IS TAKING A TOLL ON ONE OF THE TREES.
YOU DON’T NECESSARILY KNOW HOW GREAT THE ROOT SYSTEM IS ON ONE TREE VERSUS THE OTHER.
YOU MAY HAVE SOME DIFFERENCES THAT YOU CAN’T SEE FROM ABOVE GROUND.
>>CALLER: THAT MIGHT DEFINITELY BE THE CASE, YEAH.
>>YOU SAID THEY ARE A HUNDRED FEET APART.
ARE THEY BOTH ABOUT THE SAME LEVEL OR—
>>CALLER: YES, THEY ARE.
>>OR ONE HIGHER ELEVATION THAN THE OTHER?
>>CALLER: YES, THEY ARE.
>>THEY ARE AT THE SAME LEVEL.
>>CALLER: UH-HUH.
YOU DON’T SEE WHEN YOU DIG IN THAT AREA OR ANYTHING LIKE THAT IS CORRECT YOU DON’T SEE ROCKS OR ANYTHING LIKE THAT?
>>CALLER: NO.
>>WERE THESE BALD AND BURLAPPED OR BARE ROOT?
>>CALLER: WHAT DID YOU SAY?
>> WERE THEY BARE, OR BALD AND BURLAPPED OR CONTAINER GROWN WHEN THEY WERE PLANTED?
>>CALLER: I JUST HAD A MAJOR ERROR. THEY ARE 30 TO 50 YEARS OLD.
>>THAT CHANGES IT ENTIRELY.
>>NOW YOU HAVE THE STRESS OF OLD AGE.
THEY ARE VERY PRONE TO CANKERS AT THAT AGE, YES.
YEAH, THEY ARE NOT A WHOLE LOT TO DO WITH THAT.
THE CANKERS, AS WE WERE MENTIONING, THERE ARE NO CHEMICALS THAT REALLY WORKS ON THE CANKERS.
IT IS A MATTER YOU PRUNE THEM OUT, YOU TRY TO FERTILIZE, AND WATER WHEN THEY ARE IN DROUGHTS, AND YOU CAN HOPE THEY DELAY THEIR DEATH.
BUT WITH HONEY LOCUSTS, THEY SEND OUT—LOAD UP SO BADLY WITH CANKERS.
THERE IS NOT A WHOLE LOT OF HOPE FOR THEM.
FERTILIZING, WATERING MAY DELAY THE DEATH PROCESS, BUT IT WILL PROBABLY CONTINUE DYING FOR YOU.
>>CALLER: YEAH, THANKS.
>>THANKS.
>>CALLER: SORRY ABOUT THAT.
>>WE ARE GOING TO LINE TWO, AND IT IS ABOUT GROWING PEANUTS IN ILLINOIS.
>>CALLER: I AM CURIOUS, IF I BUILD ONE OF THOSE UNDERGROUND GREENHOUSES, IF I WOULD BE ABLE TO GET PEANUTS GOING AROUND HERE?
>> WELL, I WORK MAINLY IN DECATUR, ILLINOIS, WHICH IS IN THE MIDDLE OF THE STATE.
WE HAVE GROWN PEANUTS THERE SUCCESSFULLY WITH NO SPECIAL SETUP, JUST A REGULAR GARDEN.
YEAH, IT IS REALLY POSSIBLE HERE.
YOU GOT TO PAY ATTENTION TO HOW LONG OF A SEASON THEY NEED BECAUSE THERE IS DIFFERENT VARIETIES TAKE A LONGER SUMMER THAN OTHERS, AND MORE SUITED TO LIKE VIRGINIA AND SOUTHERN PART OF THE U.S.
BUT IT IS POSSIBLE.
THE BIGGEST PROBLEM WE HAD WAS DEER.
DEER FEEL LIKE IT IS THE BIGGEST TREAT EVER.
EVERY TIME THE PLANTS WERE FLOWERING, WE WOULD TURN AROUND AND THE DEER HAD JUST MOWED OFF ALL THE FLOWERS.
IT IS QUITE AN INTERESTING PLANT TO GROW ESPECIALLY IF YOU HAVE KIDS THAT ARE INTERESTED IN GARDENING BECAUSE—AND A LOT OF ADULTS DON’T REALIZE PEANUTS GROW UNDERGROUND, THAT THEY FLOWER ABOVE GROUND AND STEMS GO DOWN UNDERGROUND.
WE GREW IT FOR THE TV NEWS STATION THERE, AND THEY WERE REALLY PRETTY AWE-STRUCK BY THE WHOLE PROCESS.
THEY ARE CALLED GROUND NUTS.
>>YOU HAVE HAD NO TROUBLE WITH MICE?
>> WHERE WE WERE, WE HAD MORE TROUBLE WITH DEER THAN MICE.
I COULD SEE WHERE MICE WOULD ALSO THINK YOU PLANTED A GIANT SMORGASBORD FOR THEM.
>>WE DID PEANUTS IN THE CHICAGO AREA, AND WE GOT NOTHING!
BECAUSE WHEN WE SET UP THE PLANTS, WE—YOU COULD SEE THE MICE TUNNELING HOLES.
>>I HAVE THAT PROBLEM WITH SWEET POTATOES.
>>CALLER: WHAT VARIETIES WOULD YOU RECOMMEND?
>> OH, OFF THE TOP OF MY HEAD, I CAN’T SAY.
I JUST WOULD LOOK IN YOUR SEED CATALOGS, YOU WILL HAVE DIFFERENT MATURITY DATES AND LOOK FOR SOMETHING WITH SMALLER—OR SHORTER MATURITY LENGTHS ON IT.
YOU DON’T WANT SOMETHING THAT NEEDS 110 DAYS OF SUMMER BECAUSE WE MAY OR MAY NOT GET THAT.
>>ALL RIGHT.
WE WILL GO TO LINE FOUR, INDOOR PLANT.
THE PLANTS HAVE RUSTY SPOTS ON THE FOLIAGE.
LINE FOUR.
>>CALLER: YES.
HELLO?
>> YES, GO AHEAD.
>>CALLER: I HAVE INDOOR PLANTS, SOME ARE VINING, AND SOME ARE NOT.
SOME ARE VINING PLANTS, AND SOME ARE NOT.
I CALLED—I HAVE FOUR THAT I CALL ELEPHANT EARS.
I HAVE ONE SMALL FERN, AND THE REST ARE VINING.
AND THEY KEEP GETTING RUST SPOTS ON THEM, AND IT EATS AWAY THE LEAVES WHERE IT IS LOCATED.
ALSO, THE PLANTS GET IT ON THE EDGE OF THE LEAVES ALSO, AND AS I CUT IT OFF, THE PLANTS JUST STAY BROWN LIKE THAT.
>>WHEN YOU SAY “RUST SPOTS,” ARE YOU TALKING ABOUT A RUSTY LOOKING COLOR OR ACTUALLY—I DON’T KNOW OF ANY HOUSE PLANT THAT REALLY GETS RUST.
THERE ARE LEAF DISEASES THAT DO CAUSE BROWN SPOTS.
>>CALLER: IF IT IS IN THE LEAF, LIKE IN THE CENTER OR ON THE LEAF ITSELF, IT IS USUALLY A CIRCLE.
>>OKAY.
>>CALLER: IT IS JUST LIKE EATS IT OUT.
>>SOUNDS LIKE MAYBE A BACTERIAL SPOT.
>>BACTERIAL LEAF SPOT.
>>WOULDN’T BE RUST.
>>RIGHT.
BACTERIAL LEAF SPOT DOES ATTACK A WIDE RANGE OF HOUSE PLANTS.  THERE IS NOT A WHOLE LOT.
IT IS BACTERIA.
THERE ARE NOT ANY FUNGICIDES THAT WORK ON BACTERIAS.
I DON’T KNOW OF ANY BACTERIACIDE FOR INDOOR USE.
YOU CAN HOPE THAT IT IS JUST A SPOT AND NOT SYSTEMIC TYPE DISEASE.
IF IT IS ONLY A SPOT, YOU CAN CUT OFF THE LEAF AND HOPEFULLY THAT WILL HELP CONTROL IT.
ALSO DO NOT MIST THE PLANT BECAUSE THE MIST MAY HELP SPREAD THE DISEASE.
>>CALLER: I DON’T.
>>ON THE PLANTS YOU ARE DESCRIBING, SOUNDS LIKE THEY WOULD DO BETTER OUTSIDE, ELEPHANT EAR WOULD DO BETTER IN YOUR GARDEN THAN INDOORS.
>>CALLER: REALLY.
>>YEAH.
>>CALLER: I DIDN’T KNOW THAT.
>>WINTERTIME IS THE WORST TIME FOR HOUSE PLANTS.
>>CALLER: I APPRECIATE THAT.
ALL RIGHT THEN.
THANK YOU.
>>YOU ARE WELCOME.
NOW WE WILL GO TO THE MAGAZINE QUIZ.
ALL RIGHT, NOW WE WILL GO TO LINE THREE, HOME OWNER IS CALLING ABOUT A GUARDIA PLANT.
LINE THREE.
>>CALLER: I HAVE A GUARDIA PLANT. 
I AM HAVING PROBLEMS GETTING THIS THING STARTED.
TWO YEARS IN A ROW, I BOUGHT TWO OF THEM LAST YEAR, AND THEY ARE NOT CHEAP!
I BOUGHT ONE FROM ACE AND TWO FROM LOWES.
>>DO YOU HAVE THE TAG ON THEM, MA’AM?  WOULD YOU BE ABLE TO SPELL THAT OUT FOR US.
>>CALLER: I WILL HAVE TO LOOK IT UP.
I MIGHT NOT BE PRONOUNCING IT CORRECTLY.
>>IT IS NOT RINGING A BELL WITH ME.
>>NOT RINGING A BELL WITH ME ANYWAY.
>>CALLER: I WILL CALL YOU BACK AGAIN.
ALL RIGHT.
THANK YOU.
>>I STILL HAVE AN E-MAIL HERE ON PEACHES.
THEY ARE TALKING ABOUT SEEMED LIKE OOZING SAP FROM THE LEAVES, AND THE LEAVES ARE TURNING BROWN.
I AM JUST GOING TO RECOMMEND FOR YOU TO TRY A HOME FRUIT ORCHARD SPRAY TO HELP CONTROL THE DISEASE AND INSECTS.
START SPRAYING AS SOON AS THE LEAF STARTS SHOWING UP.
NOW, I WANT TO THANK YOU ALL FOR JOINING US AT MID-AMERICAN GARDENER AND BE BACK WITH US AGAIN NEXT WEEK.

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  Saturdays 11 am (repeat)
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