Mid-American Gardener: tomato spots, lilac bushes, replanting bulbs, hard soils, river birch trees

March 20, 2014

Horticulture expert Dianne Noland and her extraordinary gardening guest panelists Chuck Voigt, Kent Miles and Randy Thornton discuss tomato spots, lilac bushes, replanting bulbs, hard soils, river birch trees, transplanting flowers and much more. Chuck Voigt shows some amaryllis seed pods and explains how they expand and expel the multiple intricate seeds hidden inside.

HELLO MID-AMERICAN GARDENERS.
HAPPY TO SEE YOU.
HAPPY TO HAVE YOU JOIN US.
WE ARE GOING TO TALK SPRING.
WELL, WE MIGHT TALK ABOUT PLANTS, TOO, BUT WE WANT TO TALK ABOUT PLANTS HOPEFULLY IN THE SPRINGTIME.
I AM DIANNE NOLAND AND I TEACH HORTICULTURE AT THE UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS IN THE CROP SCIENCES DEPARTMENT IN THE COLLEGE OF ACES.
SO I WILL ANSWER CUT FLOWER QUESTIONS AS WELL AS PERENNIALS, LANDSCAPING, THINGS LIKE THAT.
BUT THERE ARE THREE OTHER REALLY, REALLY SHARP FOLKS RIGHT HERE NEXT TO ME.
AND THEY HAVE GREAT EXPERTISE AS WELL.
LISTEN UP, AND YOU WILL GET SOME OF YOUR QUESTIONS ANSWERED.
I WILL START FIRST WITH YOU, CHUCK VOIGT.
>>I AM CHUCK VOIGT.
I AM ALSO IN THE DEPARTMENT OF CROP SCIENCES AT THE UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS.
MY SPECIALTIES ARE VEGETABLES AND HERBS.
BUT I CAN ALSO TALK ABOUT SOME OTHER THINGS IF WE GET STUMPED HERE.
TONIGHT, I HAVE GONE AMARYLLIS CRAZY.
I BROUGHT DIFFERENT STAGES IN HERE.
THIS IS THE SEED POD FROM THE EVERGREEN AMARYLLIS, THAT I HAD IN HERE SEVERAL WEEKS AGO.
IT HAS MATURED.
IT IS STARTING TO SPLIT OPEN.
YOU CAN SEE IT IS IN THREE PARTS BECAUSE IT IS A MONOCOT, AND THEY HAVE THINGS IN THREE’S.
THEY HAVE LITTLE PAPERY SEEDS THAT ARE REALLY NOT MUCH TO THEM.
IF YOU SEE THEM, A VIABLE ONE WILL HAVE ONE LITTLE GRAIN OF OATMEAL IN THE CENTER.
I HAVE HAD GREAT SUCCESS GERMINATING THESE OVER THE LAST COUPLE OF YEARS.
ONE METHOD IS JUST FLOAT THEM IN WATER AND WATCH THE ROOTS COME OUT WHICH SEEMS A LITTLE—I GUESS IF YOU WANT TO WATCH THAT HAPPEN, IT IS GOOD.
SIMS SIMPLER TO ME TO PLANT IN A CELL PACK AND SEE WHAT HAPPENS WHICH IS WHAT I DID.
THAT WORKED PRETTY WELL, TOO.
I HAVE A WHOLE BUNCH OF THESE SEEDLINGS FROM LAST YEAR THAT ARE GROWING.
I DON’T KNOW HOW MUCH VARIABILITY THERE WILL BE IN THE FLOWERS, BUT I HAVE A BUNCH OF THEM.
THIS YEAR, I WILL USE THEM IN MY CLASS FOR A PROPAGATION LAB.
>>OH, GOOD!
>>AND LET THEM TRY THEM AND GRADUALLY INFEST THE MIDWEST WITH AMARYLLIS OF VARIOUS TYPES.
>>INFEST IS NOT THE CORRECT WORD.
>>YES, IT IS NOT.
>>MAKE EVERYONE ENTHUSIASTIC ABOUT THEM.
THEY ARE REALLY KIND OF FUN.
YOU KNOW, HUNDREDS OF THOSE PAPERY THINGS IN THERE.
I WON’T SHAKE THEM OUT.
>>YOU WANT TO HANG ONTO THOSE.
>>I PROMISED THEM TO THE STUDENTS AT THE EXAM THEY WERE GOING TO GET THEM.
>>YEAH, THAT’S NICE, MAKE THEM THINK OF OTHER THINGS DURING THE EXAM.
THANK YOU, CHUCK.  NOW WE WILL GO NEXT TO YOU, KENT MILES.
>>HI.
MY NAME IS KENT MILES.
I AM A SPECIALTY CUT FLOWER GROWER.
WE ARE LOCATED IN WESTERN CHAMPAIGN COUNTY.
THE NAME OF MY BUSINESS IS ILLINOIS WILLOWS.
WE HAVE GOT A QUESTION, AN E-MAIL FROM JEANNE WITH REGARDS TO LILAC BUSH.
THE QUESTION IS I HAVE A 17 YEAR OLD LILAC BUSH THAT I CUT THE BLOOMS OFF EVERY YEAR.
IS THERE A WAY TO PRODUCE MORE BLOOMS?
IT SEEMS THAT SPOTS WHERE I CUT THE BLOOMS NEVER BLOOM THERE AGAIN.
I TRIED CUTTING IT DOWN TO ENCOURAGE MORE OUTWARD GROWTH WITH LIMITED SUCCESS.
WE HAVE QUITE A FEW LILACS AT THE FARM.
ON AN OLDER PLANT, YOU DO NEED TO CUT IT BACK TO REJUVENATE IT.
GENERALLY, YOU SHOULD GET NEW GROWTH FROM WHERE IT HAS BEEN CUT.
GENERALLY, LILACS WILL BLOOM ON THE SECOND YEAR GROWTH.
DEPENDING ON THE WINTER, THIS YEAR HAS BEEN A TOUGH ONE, BUT ON A NORMAL WINTER, THE BUDS WILL SURVIVE.
YOU SHOULD GET BLOOMS FROM THOSE GROWTHS.
YOU DO WANT TO OPEN IT UP, THE INSIDE OF THE PLANT TO—THAT WILL HELP WITH POWDERY MILDEW AND SOME DISEASES.
BUT YOU SHOULD GET NEW GROWTH FROM WHERE IT HAS BEEN CUT.
>>THAT ONE HIT YOUR EXPERTISE PRETTY WELL.
THAT’S GOOD.
>>WE GENERALLY CUT EVERY YEAR BECAUSE WE CUT TO GET STEM LENGTH.
IF YOU ARE NOT CUTTING ON AN OLDER BUSH, YOU GET A LOT OF SHORTER BRANCHES, SHORTER NODES.
>>WHICH IS FINE FOR MOST PEOPLE.
>>RIGHT.
YOU WILL GET A LOT OF FLOWERS, BUT THERE WILL BE SMALLER.
DOING A REGULAR PRUNING, YOU GET LARGER FLOWERS PER STEM.
THANK YOU VERY MUCH.
>>NOW, I AM GOING TO TURN IT OVER TO RANDY THORNTON.
>>THANK YOU.
MY NAME IS RANDY THORNTON.
I AM ASSOCIATED WITH THE UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS MASTER GARDENERS IN VERMILLION COUNTY.
MY—IF YOU CALL IT EXPERTISE, I DON’T KNOW IT IS.
>>IT IS.
>>LAWNS, PERENNIALS, GENERAL LANDSCAPE, AND THAT KIND OF THING AND TAKE A SHOT AT JUST ABOUT ANYTHING.
DID GET A QUESTION IN THIS WEEK, NOT SURE EXACTLY WHERE THIS COMES FROM, BUT IT SAYS THE SOIL IN MY YARD IS COMPACTED CLAY.
IT IS SO TOUGH A PICKAXE HAS TROUBLE BREAKING IT UP.
WHAT CAN I AMEND THE SOIL OTHER THAN GYPSUM.
>>I WILL HAVE TO SAY THE BEST IDEA WOULD PROBABLY BE SOME FORM OF ORGANIC MATTER, COMPOST.
I AM NOT A BIG FAN OF PEATMOSS.
BUT IF THAT’S THE ONLY ROUTE YOU HAVE TO GO TO GET BALES OF PEATMOSS OR BAGS AT HOME IMPROVEMENT STORES OR NURSERIES, YOU CAN GO THAT ROUTE.
WHAT YOU MIGHT LOOK FOR IS LIKE A LANDSCAPE WASTE OR CITY TYPE OPERATION.
THEY USUALLY HAVE SOME COMPOST OR WHATEVER.
THAT’S YOUR BEST BET.
THE OTHER THING YOU MIGHT TRY IS WHAT THEY CALL DOUBLE DIGGING WHERE YOU GO DOWN AND YOU ACTUALLY LOOSEN UP THE SUBSOIL AS WELL, AND THAT HELPS A LOT.
BUT YOU WILL PROBABLY NOT TURN IT AROUND IN ONE YEAR IF IT IS THAT BAD.
KEEP PLUGGING AWAY AT IT.
>>THEY PROBABLY DON’T WANT TO WORK IT TOO WET.
>>NO.
>>OR TWO DRY.
>>YES.
DO NOT GO WITH SAND.
THAT’S A MISS—PEOPLE SAY PUT THE SAND, WELL, BASICALLY SAND AND CLAY MAKES A BRICK!
(LAUGHING).
>>SHORT AND SWEET!
SHORT AND TO THE POINT.
>>YOU THINK IT IS HARD NOW!
>>YEAH. 
>>OF COURSE, AGGREGATE.
>>A PATIO!
WELL, THAT WAS GOOD.
THANK YOU VERY MUCH.  NOW, LET’S GO TO A LITTLE QUIZ “DID YOU KNOW?”
>>AHH, OAK LEAF HYDRANGEAS ARE REALLY BEAUTIFUL, A NICE PLANT.
LET’S GO TO THE PHONE LINES AND SEE WHAT JUNE’S QUESTION IS, LOOKS LIKE IT IS ABOUT HEN AND CHICKENS.
HI, JUNE?
>>CALLER: HI.
I ORDERED SOME HEN AND CHICKS FROM MAIL ORDER CATALOG.
I HAVE THEM ALREADY.
I CAN’T PLANT THEM I KNOW YET.
BUT WHEN I DO, I HAVE AFTER STRAWBERRY JAR.
WOULD IT BE OKAY TO PLANT THEM IN THAT?
>> ABSOLUTELY.
>> YEAH, WE ARE ALL SHAKING OUR HEADS.
>>THAT’S AN IDEAL SITUATION FOR THEM, ANY KIND OF CONTAINER.
YOU CAN DRILL HOLES IN THE SIDES OF CONTAINERS.  THEY ARE A VERY FORGIVING PLANT AS A RULE.
WELL-DRAINED.
YOU DON’T WANT A REAL RICH SOIL.
>>CALLER: NO RICH.
>>RIGHT.
>>OCCASIONALLY TOO MOIST FOR IT.
>> YEAH, I LIKE THOSE.
I HAVE THEM OUT IN ROCKS ALONG THE DRIVEWAY ON THE STREET, THE HOTTEST WORST PLACE IN THE YARD, AND THEY LOVE IT.
>>STRAWBERRY JAR WOULD KEEP IT WELL-DRAINED.
YOU ARE READY TO GO.
YOU ALREADY HAVE SOME PLANTS.
THAT’S IMPRESSIVE.
ALL RIGHT.
THANK YOU FOR YOUR QUESTION.
WE WILL GO TO LINE TWO NEXT, JAKE HAS AN ASPARAGUS QUESTION.
AHHH, ASPARAGUS, WE ARE READY FOR IT.
LINE TWO.
>>CALLER: HELLO.
>>YES.
WHAT IS YOUR QUESTION?
>>CALLER: YES.
HI.
I HAVE GOT A COUPLE PACKAGES OF ASPARAGUS BULBS, WASHINGTON.
ON THE BACK SAYS PLANT IN MARCH.
WITH THE WEATHER GETTING NICE, I WANT TO DO IT, BUT MY WIFE THINKS WAIT.
I WANT TO SEE WHAT YOU FOLKS THOUGHT.
>>I WILL THROW IT OVER TO CHUCK.
>>THE PROBLEM WITH RIGHT NOW IS THAT WE ARE STILL FROZEN I THINK TO SOME DEGREE WHICH WOULD MAKE IT FAIRLY DIFFICULT TO PLANT.
NOW YOU SAY BULBS.
DO YOU HAVE THE ROOTS OR DO YOU HAVE SEEDS?
I AM NOT CLEAR ON THAT.
>>DID WE LOSE JAKE?
>> OKAY, JAKE, ASSUMING YOU HAVE GOT WHAT YOU HAVE ARE THE ROOTS, YOU WANT TO GET THOSE DOWN MAYBE EIGHT INCHES IN HEAVY SOIL AND UP TO A FOOT DEEP IN SANDIER SOIL.
SO DEPENDING WHEN THIS AIRS IN YOUR AREA, IF THE FROST IS NOT ON THE GROUND, DON’T GET A PICKAXE AND CHOP YOUR WAY THROUGH IT BECAUSE THEY WILL BE MUCH HAPPIER ONCE IT IS THAWED AND STARTING TO MELT OUT.
A LOT OF TIMES THE LAST SEVERAL YEARS, IN FACT MARCH YOU PROBABLY COULD HAVE DONE IT.
BUT THIS YEAR, IT IS LOOKING LIKE IT WILL BE LATER.
>> IT DEPENDS WHERE THAT SEED CATALOG OR GARDEN CENTER WAS, THEY MIGHT SAY MARCH, AND IT COULD BE FROM A LITTLE BIT SOUTH OF HERE.
>>RIGHT.
>>THE OTHER THING IS YOU PROBABLY DON’T WANT TO HARVEST OFF OF THOSE THE FIRST YEAR OR TWO FOR THE MOST PART.
>>MAYBE UP TO THREE YEARS.
>>THEY ALWAYS SAY PENCIL SIZE OR SMALL FINGER SIZED OR BIGGER.
I WAS ACTUALLY—I PLANTED MINE ABOUT EIGHT INCHES DEEP, BUT I AM STILL LITTLE BIT MOUNDING IT UP WITH COUPLE INCHES OF MULCH AND WELL-ROTTED MANURE.
>>THEY TEND TO RISE AS THEY AGE.
IT IS GOOD TO HAVE THEM DOWN FOR WEED CONTROL WHEN IT IS YOUNG AND THOSE KINDS OF THINGS.
>>IT IS JUST A THOUGHT THAT I ACTUALLY PREPARED IT IN FALL BEFORE—AND COVERED IT WITH STRAW.
BECAUSE I KNEW WHAT THE SPRINGS WERE LIKE, AND I KNEW MY SPRINGS WERE BUSY.
I THINK YOU CAN DO IT, JUST NOT IN MARCH THIS YEAR.
BUT, OH, THAT’S A LONG LIVED CROP THAT WILL BE GREAT ONCE IT GETS STARTED.
ALL RIGHT OF WE ARE READY FOR SPRING!
LET’S GO ON TO LINE THREE, AND DENNIS HAS A PIN OAK QUESTION FOR US ON LINE THREE.
HI, DENNIS.
>>CALLER: HEY, HOW ARE YOU DOING?
>> DOING GREAT.
>>CALLER: I HAVE TWO MATURE PIN OAK TREES IN WABASH COUNTY.
THEY BOTH APPEAR TO HAVE SOME KIND OF A DISEASE OR CONDITION ON THEM WHERE IT LOOKS LIKE THERE IS BALLS ABOUT THE SIZE OF A WALNUT GROWING OUT ON THE ENDS OF THE LIMB.
THEY KEEP CLIPPING THE ENDS BACK.
ESSENTIALLY WHAT THEY ARE DOING, THEY ARE CLIPPING THE ENDS OF THE BRANCHES BACK AND SPREADING THROUGHOUT THE BRANCHES OF THE TREE.
DO YOU KNOW WHAT THIS IS?
IS THERE ANYTHING THAT CAN BE DONE ABOUT IT?
>> THOSE ARE GALLS.
>>SOME TYPE OR ANOTHER.
>>GALL.
>> MOST TIMES A TREE WILL TOLERATE THEM FAIRLY WELL UNLESS THEY GET COMPLETELY OUT OF CONTROL.
I MEAN I DON’T KNOW THAT THERE IS A WHOLE LOT YOU CAN DO ABOUT THEM.
SOME ARE CAUSED BY INSECT DAMAGE, SOME BY WOUNDS, SOME BY BACTERIA.
IT IS AESTHETIC THING.
IF YOU WANT TO CLIP THEM OFF, THAT MIGHT BE YOUR BEST BET.
I NEVER HAD A REAL SUCCESS WITH TRYING TO DO ANYTHING AS FAR AS TRYING TO STOP THEM OR ANYTHING.
>> A LOT OF TIMES THE TREE WILL GO ON, BUT TRIMMING IT BACK THAT’S KIND OF INTERESTING.
>>LIKE I SAY, NORMALLY THEY DON’T KILL A TREE.
I MEAN, BUT THEY WILL—I MEAN, LIKE I SAY, IT IS AN AESTHETIC THING.
>>SO IF YOU CAN HANDLE HOW IT LOOKS, IT WON’T KILL IT.
BUT IT CERTAINLY STUNTING IT SOUNDS LIKE.
>>UH-HUH.
>> DO CUT IT BACK, THOUGH, YOU WOULD WANT TO ACTUALLY DISINFECT YOUR PRUNERS IN BETWEEN EACH ONE.
YEAH.
>>RUBBING ALCOHOL OR SOME KIND OF ALCOHOL.
>>THEY TEND TO HAVE MULTITUDE OF PROBLEMS ANYWAY.
THEY ARE NOT THE HARDIEST OAK OUT THERE.
THEY ARE VERY PRETTY TREE, BUT THEY TEND TO BE CHLOROTIC, WHICH IS YELLOWING.
>>YES, WE HOPE THAT YOU WILL BE ABLE TO JUST PUT UP WITH THE GALLS EVEN THOUGH IT SOUNDS LIKE IT IS CAUSING A LITTLE BIT OF TROUBLE.
BUT IT WON’T KILL THE TREE.
>>WE ARE GOING TO GO TO ANOTHER ROUND OF E-MAILS.
I THINK, CHUCK, LET’S START WITH YOU.
>>I HAVE ONE FROM A PERSON WHO EVERY SUMMER PLANTS TOMATOES IN POTS ON THE PATIO.
EACH SEASON THE SAME THING HAPPENS.  THEY GET ROTTED SPOTS ON THE BOTTOM OF THE TOMATOES, BLOSSOM END, CLASSIC BLOSSOM END ROT.
HE TRIED CALCIUM FORTIFIED FERTILIZER ON THE TOP OF THE SOIL, AND WORKING IT IN, AND HE STILL GETS SPOTS.
BY ONLY RECOURSE TO PICK THE TOMATOES EARLY AND LET THEM RIPEN INSIDE?
THAT’S REALLY NOT THAT EFFECTIVE.
A FEW THINGS, BLOSSOM END ROT IS A PROBLEM WITH CALCIUM MOBILITY.
SO FIRST OF ALL, MAKE SURE WHEN YOU PUT YOUR POTTING MIX IN THE POTS, YOU HAVE AMPLE CALCIUM IN THERE.
DON’T OVERDUE IT, AND MAKE IT SO ALKALINE THAT NOTHING WILL SURVIVE.
BUT MAKE SURE AMPLE CALCIUM IN THERE.
HAVING IT SET ON LIKE CONCRETE DRIVEWAY OR PATIO MAY HEAT UP THE ROOTS AND CAUSE PROBLEMS BECAUSE HEAT AND CHANGES IN MOISTURE ARE PART OF THE PROBLEM BECAUSE CALCIUM MOVES WITH WATER IN THE TOMATO PLANT, AND ANYTHING THAT STOPS WATER MOVING STOPS CALCIUM MOVING.
PLUS, THE FARTHEST PLACE FROM IT IS THE BLOSSOM END OF THE FRUIT.
SOME TYPES OF TOMATOES ARE MORE SUSCEPTIBLE, THINGS LIKE ROMAS, THINGS LIKE GRAPE TOMATOES ARE MORE SUSCEPTIBLE TO IT THAN THE CHERRY TOMATOES.
SO COMBINATION OF CALCIUM.
IF YOU SEE IT DEVELOPING, YOU COULD PROBABLY FIND CALCIUM CHLORIDE SOMEWHERE AND DO A FOLIAR APPLICATION.
THAT WON’T CURE THE ONES THAT ALREADY HAVE BLACK ENDS, BUT IT MIGHT HELP WITH THE OTHERS.
I HEARD THAT DISCUSSED AT A GROWERS MEETING A LITTLE WHILE AGO, APPARENTLY ONCE THE SMALL GREEN TOMATO IS PRETTY MUCH SET UP, IT HAS ALWAYS THE CALCIUM IN IT THAT IT IS EVER GOING TO HAVE.
IF THAT ISN’T SUFFICIENT, IT CAN’T MOVE IT WHERE IT NEEDS TO GO BECAUSE THERE JUST ISN’T ENOUGH.
SO IT IS A PROBLEM.
SOME VARIETIES MUCH WORSE THAN OTHERS.
TYPICALLY LONG SLENDER ONES WILL HAVE MORE OF A PROBLEM BECAUSE IT IS HARDER TO GET IT FROM THE STEM END TO THE BLOSSOM END, AND THAT’S WHY THE GRAPES TEND TO SHOW IT MORE THAN THE CHERRIES.
CHERRIES ARE JUST LITTLE ROUND BUNDLES AND VERY MOIST WHERE THE GRAPES TEND TO BE A DRYER FLESH.
ALL OF THOSE THINGS COME TOGETHER.
>>THAT WAS A GOOD DISCUSSION ON BLOSSOM END ROT.
MAYBE THEY COULD GO WITH BIGGER POT.
>>MAYBE TRY SETTING THEM ON THE GROUND INSTEAD OF THE DRIVEWAY.
YOU HAVE TO TRIM AROUND THEM AND THINGS, BUT IT WOULD MODERATE THE SOIL TEMPERATURES IN THE POTS BETTER I THINK BECAUSE I HAVE A FRIEND AT HOME WHO DOES THAT EVERY YEAR, AND AS SOON AS YOU GET TO THE HOT PART OF THE SUMMER, HIS CHERRY TOMATOES KIND OF GO AWAY.
>>I HAVE SEEN POTS PUT INTO POTS, TOO.
>>THAT OR SET UP ON WOOD BLOCKS.
>>WOOD BLOCKS TO TRY TO INSULATE IT AWAY FROM THE HEAT.
>>ALL THESE ARE OUR TWO CENTS!
(LAUGHING) LET’S GO NEXT TO YOU, KENT.
>>WE HAVE A QUESTION ON REPLANTING BULBS.
KAREN WRITES, “HOW CAN I DIG UP AND REPLANT SOMEWHERE ELSE DAFFODILS, TULIPS, IRIS BULBS THIS TIME OF YEAR?”
WE ARE SETTLING OUR MOTHER’S ESTATE, AND SHE WAS A MASTER GUARDER AND LIVED IN THE CAMARGO AREA.
WE CLOSE ON THE HOUSE IN THE LATTER PART OF APRIL.  SHE WANTS TO KNOW—SHE WANTS TO PASS THEM OUT TO FAMILY MEMBERS AND FRIENDS.
WHAT IS BASICALLY THE RIGHT WAY TO DO IN THIS TIME OF YEAR.
>>MOST OF THE PEOPLE LIVE IN OUR SAME ZONE, ZONE FIVE.
KAREN, I WOULD PROBABLY GENERALLY IT IS NOT THE RIGHT TIME OF THE YEAR TO DO THIS, BUT WITH YOUR CIRCUMSTANCES, WITH THE CALENDAR, I WOULD PROBABLY IF THINGS ARE ALREADY STARTING TO COME UP, FIGURE OUT WHAT THEY ARE, WHETHER THEY ARE CROCUS, HYACINTHS, TULIPS, DAFFODILS, MAKE SOME LABELS.
GO AHEAD AND DIG THEM UP.
IF THEY ARE STILL IN THE GROUND AND HAVEN’T POPPED THROUGH.
BE CAREFUL NOT TO DAMAGE THE STEM OR THE NEW GROWTH THAT IS EMERGING FROM THAT BULB.
IF THAT WOULD HAPPEN TO BREAK IN CUTTING, BASICALLY YOU WILL LOSE A YEAR’S WORTH OF GROWTH FROM THE BULB.
GO AHEAD AND REMOVE AS MUCH SOIL AS YOU CAN.
IF THEY HAVEN’T PUT OUT A WHOLE LOT OF ROOT SYSTEM.
IN LABELING, THEN YOU CAN DISTRIBUTE WHICH BULBS YOU WANT TO SEND TO WHICH PEOPLE.
IF THEY ARE GOING TO HAVE THIS DONE BY THE END OF APRIL, YOU WILL PROBABLY HAVE SOME PLANTS THAT HAVE EMERGED, AND YOU WANT TO GO AHEAD AND MAKE SURE THEY ARE LABELED.
WHEN THEY GET REPLANTED, REPLANT THEM AS SOON AS POSSIBLE AND PROBABLY ABOUT THE SAME SOIL LEVEL AS THEY WERE PLANTED ORIGINALLY.
YOU DON’T WANT TO PLANT THEM OVERLY DEEP THAN WHAT THEY ORIGINALLY WERE.
>> OKAY.
THANK YOU FOR THAT.
>>SACRIFICE SOME BLOOMS THIS YEAR, BUT NEXT YEAR, YOU SHOULD HAVE THEM.
I HAVE MOVED WHOLE CLUMPS BEFORE AND TAKE THEM SOMEWHERE AND LET THEM FINISH THEIR THING.
>>YOU LOSE THE CLUMP.
>>AND MAYBE YOU COULD TREAT THEM AS THEY NORMALLY WOULD BE LATER ON.
>> WHEN I MOVED, I DUG WHITE CROCUS IN FLOWER AND PUT THEM WHERE I WANTED BECAUSE IT IS GOING TO BE HARD TO GET THAT MANY.
>>IRISES CAN’T HARDLY KILL THEM AS A RULE.
SO YOU ARE PROBABLY FAIRLY SAFE WITH THOSE.
>>THROW THEM ON THE DRIVEWAY.
INFACT, I HAVE A CLUMP IN MY DRIVEWAY!
(LAUGHING).
>>DAFFODILS AND TULIPS WILL BE HARD R.
>>IF AT ALL POSSIBLE, IT WOULD BE REALLY GREAT BEFORE OR AT THE CLOSING, SEE IF YOU CAN MAKE A DEAL WITH THE NEW OWNERS ABOUT WAITING UNTIL JUNE WHEN THE FOLIAGE ACTUALLY YELLOWS.
>>I WAS THINKING THE SAME THING.
AND GO AND DO IT AT THE RIGHT TIME.
YOU CAN GO OUT NOW, MARK EVERYTHING WELL, A BE THEN GO AND DIG THEM UP.
THAT WOULD BE IDEAL.
BUT THE WILLINGNESS OF NEW OWNERS TO LET YOU DO THAT WOULD VARY GREATLY.
DEPENDENT.
YES.
OKAY, LET’S MOVE ON TO YOU, RANDY.
QUESTION HERE ON RIVER BIRCH, SAYS WE HAVE A RIVER BIRCH TREE PLANTED FOUR YEARS AGO.
IT IS 12 FEET HIGH.
HAS MANY BRANCHES COMING UP AROUND THE TRUNK.
SHOULD THEY BE CUT BACK OR LEFT ALONE?
>> IT IS ALONG THE SAME LINES OF THE PIN OAK GALLS.
IT IS MORE OF AESTHETIC THING.
WHEN YOU SAY COMING UP AROUND THE TRUNK, I ASSUME YOU MAYBE TALKING ABOUT SUCKERS FROM THE BOTTOM OF THE TREE WHICH AREN’T SHOWING IN THIS PICTURE VERY WELL.
BECAUSE THEY DO TEND TO DO THAT, AND THEY ALSO BRANCH LOW ON TREE.
BUT ANY OF THAT, YOU CAN—IF YOU DON’T LIKE THE LOOKS OF IT, YOU CAN TRIM THEM OFF CERTAINLY.
IF IT IS SUCKERS AND THE BOTTOM, YOU MAY WANT TO INVESTIGATE—THERE ARE PRODUCT OUT THERE TO HELP KEEP IT FROM RESPROUTING, NOT A BIG FAN OF PRUNING PAINT.
I WOULDN’T GO THAT ROUTE.
AS FAR AS MOST OF THE TRIMMING THEM UP, MOSTLY AESTHETIC THING.
A LOT OF THE LANDSCAPE TREES DO TEND TO SUCKER VERY BAD, PARTICULARLY CRAB APPLES AND BRADFORD PEARS, AND RIVER BIRCHES.
>>BIRCH BRANCHES ARE PRETTY IN FLORAL DESIGN.
CRABS ARE NOT ATTRACTIVE.
>>YOU LIKE TO GET THEM LIMBED UP TO ENJOY THE EXFOLIATING BARK WHY YOU HAVE A RIVER BIRCH IN THE FIRST PLACE.
>>DEFINITELY GET RID OF THE SUCKERS COMING OUT OF THE GROUND AROUND THE BOTTOM.
SOUNDS LIKE WHAT YOU ARE TALKING ABOUT.
>>VERY GOOD.
LET’S GO TO THE PHONE LINES AND START WITH LINE FOUR, CAROL ABOUT AN ORCHID.
>> HI, DIANNE.
THANK YOU FOR TAKING MY CALL.
I GOT A PLANT FROM MY SON, CALLED “JUST ADD ICE ORCHID.”
IT LIVED THROUGHOUT WINTER.
IT HAS NICE GREEN LEAVES, SHINY, ALMOST LIKE RUBBER TYPE LEAF.
I WONDER IF IT IS POSSIBLE THAT WOULD BLOOM AGAIN.
>>ABSOLUTELY.
>>YEAH.
>>GO FOR IT.
>>WHAT DO I DO?
>> WELL, I GOT ONE ABOUT SIX YEARS AGO, AND IT BLOOMS EVERY YEAR FROM FEBRUARY TO APRIL.
AND YES, YOU CAN ADD ICE GENERALLY I THINK THE TAG ON IT SAID LIKE ONCE EVERY TWO WEEKS, ADD ICE CUBES.
AS THEY MELT, TRICKLE DOWN IN THE ROOTS PICK UP THAT MOISTURE.
AFTER THE FLOWER STALK—THE BLOOMS HAVE FADED, YOU CAN GO AHEAD AND CUT THAT BACK AND IT WILL SEND UP A NEW SHOOT FOR THE FOLLOWING YEAR.
GENERALLY, IT WILL BE LATE WINTER, EARLY SPRING BLOOM.
IT IS PHALAENOPSIS ORCHID.
>>SHOULD I REPOT IT?
SEEMS CROWDED.
>>I WOULD LEAVE IT.
I WOULD LEAVE IT.
MINE IS STILL IN THE ORIGINAL POT.
ORCHIDS LIKE TO BE POT BOUND.
THEY WILL SEND OUT ROOTS ON TOP OF THE BARK OR MULCH THEY HAVE BEEN PLANTED IN.
THE OLDER LEAVES WILL MATURE AND GET SPOTS ON THEM AND DAMAGE—AND WILL REGENERATE WITH NEW LEAVES.
SO IT IS—
>>UNTIL IT DOES NOT FLOWER, I WOULD NOT DO A THING.
>>THE WHOLE ICE THING, IT IS A MARKETING THING.
BASICALLY TO PREVENT OVERWATERING BECAUSE THEY DO NOT LIKE TO BE OVERWATERED.
>>LET IT DRAIN DOWN THROUGH.
>>RIGHT.
>>AND POUR OFF THE EXCESS IF YOU HAVE A SOLID BOTTOM.
>>RIGHT.
YES, YOU CAN HAVE THOSE FLOWER FOR A LONG TIME.
VERY LONG LAST.
REMOVE THE OLD FLOWER, NOT JUST THE STALK, BUT THE OLD FLOWER AND LETS THE OTHER ONE FLOWER ON.
JUST ADD ICE ORCHID.
IN OTHER WORDS JUST DON’T OVERWATER I THINK IS WHAT THEY ARE SAYING.
VERY FUN.
WE WANT TO GO TO A MAG QUIZ, MID-AMERICAN GARDENER QUIZ NEXT.
RANDY THOUGHT THE ANSWER WAS B.
I WAS PRETTY SURE IT WAS!
(LAUGHING) MAYBE NOT!
BUT I DID KNOW THAT NEW DAWN IS ONE OF THE CLASSIC I DIDN’T REALIZE IT WAS THE FIRST PLANT PATENT.
THAT’S A CLASSIC CLIMBING ROSE.
WELL WORTH T I HAVE TO HAVE US CLOSE ON THIS QUESTION.
I HAVE HAD THIS ASKED MORE THIS SPRING THAN EVER.
IS IT TIME TO PRUNE ROSES YET?
>> I WOULD SAY NO.
>>I WOULD SAY NO.
>> WELL, ONLY THING—
>>DEPENDING—WE HAVE A DEPENDING HERE!
>>A LOT—THE BIG PROBLEM I HAVE ALWAYS SEEP A LOT OF PEOPLE USE THE CONES OVER THEM AND THINGS LIKE THAT.
>>OH, YEAH.
>>THEY PUT THEM ON TOO SOON AND LEAVE ON TOO LONG.
A ROSE IS NOT NEARLY DELICATE AS PEOPLE TEND TO THINK THEY ARE.
>>GET THAT KEEN OFF OF THERE.
>>BASICALLY, YEAH, YOU CAN START PRUNING THE DEAD OFF, NO PROBLEM THERE.
>>I WILL SNEAK IN AND SAY THANK YOU FOR WATCHING.
IT GOES SO FAST.
WE WILL SEE YOU NEXT TIME.
HAVE A GREAT WEEK GARDENING.
BYE-BYE.
>>

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  Saturdays 11 am (repeat)
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