Mid-American Gardener: squirrels, pot ash, basil, termites, the decline of the honey bee and more

May 15, 2014

Horticulture specialist Dianne Noland and her special gardening guest panelists, Phil Nixon, Shane Cultra and Mary Ann Metz discuss squirrels, pot ash, termites, basil, Karl Forester grass, Red Twig Dogwood, the sudden decline of the honey bee, nesting plants for the Monarch Butterfly and much more. Shane Cultra showed us some beautiful ideas for the garden; Pericallis Senetti, Celosia Intent and a gorgeous Portulaca Yubi. Mary Ann Metz shared the alluring Tree Peonies and also the available colors and textures you may not have known about concerning the Japanese Maple! Mid-American Gardener and you, a perfect combination!

HELLO ALL YOU MID-AMERICAN GARDENERS.  WE ARE HERE AND HAPPY TO ANSWER QUESTIONS ABOUT ZONE FIVE AND ANYTHING THAT HAS DO WITH MIDDLE AMERICA.

I AM DIANNE NOLAND, AND I TEACH HORTICULTURE AT THE UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS IN THE CROP SCIENCES DEPARTMENT IN THE COLLEGE OF ACES.

MY AREA IS PROBABLY PERENNIALS, LANDSCAPING AND CUT FLOWERS.

HOWEVER, THERE ARE THREE EXTREMELY TALENTED FOLKS HERE WITH ME TODAY.

LET’S FIND OUT WHO THEY ARE, AND YOU CAN DIRECT YOUR QUESTIONS TOWARDS THEIR EXPERTISE.

I AM GOING TO THROW IT OVER FIRST TO SHANE CULTRA.

HI, SHANE.

>>HI.

I AM SHANE CULTRA, ONE OF THE FAMILY OWNERS OF—WHERE AM I? CULTRA NURSERY AND COUNTRY ARBORS NURSERY IN URBANA, ILLINOIS.

WE GROW AND SELL PERENNIALS, ANNUALS, TREES, SHRUBS.

I GET TO DEAL WITH THINGS OF NATURE ALL THE TIME.

THIS YEAR I HAVE ANSWERED THOUSANDS AND THOUSANDS OF QUESTIONS ABOUT DIFFERENT PLANTS.

I AM LEARNING MORE AND MORE EACH YEAR WITH THE CHANGING SEASON.

>>EXCELLENT.

WHAT IS YOUR QUESTION YOU WILL START WITH?

>> ACTUALLY, I AM GOING TO DO SHOW AND TELL FIRST BECAUSE I WANT TO GET THESE TO THE FRONT FIRST OF ALL.

I BROUGHT COLORS I THOUGHT WERE INTERESTING.

I NORMALLY DON’T GET EXCITED ABOUT COLORS, BUT THERE ARE SOME COLLARS THAT ARE ABSOLUTELY AMAZING.

THIS IS PERICALLIS, ONE OF THE MOST UNIQUE COLORS I HAVE EVER SEEN AT THE NURSERY ALL THESE YEARS.

IT IS A BLUISH PURPLE COLOR.

IT WILL BLOOM FROM NOW ALL THE WAY UNTIL AUGUST, SEPTEMBER.

IT IS JUST A BEAUTIFUL BRIGHT COLOR.

IT IS A NEW COLOR THAT CAME OUT IN RECENT YEARS.

CELOSIA, IS SOMETHING WE ALL KNOW, IT IS CALLED “INTENZ, REALLY BRIGHT COLOR THAT IS REALLY NICE AS WELL.

FINALLY, THIS LITTLE YUBIE, THIS PURPLE COLOR, IT PURSLANE, YOU CAN’T KILL THIS PLANT.

IT WILL GROW IN DRY CONDITIONS, IT HAS UNIQUE COLORS AND MAKES GREAT HANGING POT OR SOMETHING ALONG THOSE LINES.

IT IS SOMETHING I THINK IS REALLY INTERESTING, REAL EASY TO GROW, AND YOU NEED COLORS.

>>GREAT BRIGHT COLORS.

>>I LIKE BRIGHT COLORS.

>>VERY INTENZ.

DO YOU HAVE TO PRONOUNCE IT DIFFERENT?

>> YEAH.

>>(LAUGHING).

>>SHANE!

LET’S GO NEXT TO YOU, MARY ANN METZ.

>> HELLO, I AM MARY ANN METZ, HORTICULTURALIST AND LANDSCAPE DESIGNER.

PERENNIALS ARE PROBABLY MY EXPERTISE, BUT I REALLY LIKE ALL ORNAMENTALS, TREES, SHRUBS, YOU NAME IT, I LIKE IT.

I WOULD LIKE TO DO SHOW AND TELL.

>>GO FOR IT!

>>MY FIRST—ONE OF MY FIRST COLLECTIONS AS A GARDENER WAS TREE PEONIES.

I LOVE THE VARIETY VARIATIONS, COLORS, SIZES OF TREE PEONIES.

THE FLOWERS ARE SO EXOTICS, AND TREES PEONIES, SOMEONE ASKED ME, PEONIES ARE NOT BLOOMING.

HERBACEOUS ARE, BUT SOME ARE.

THEY HAVE WOODY STEMS, LOSE THEIR LEAVES.

BUT THEY BLOOM JUST BEFORE HERBACEOUS PEONIES WHICH SHOULD BE ANY TIME NOW.

BUT THE VARIETY OF COLORS AND TEXTURES.

I DON’T KNOW IF YOU CAN SMELL THEM, THE FRAGRANCE IS OUTRAGEOUS.

THE COLORS ARE TERRIFIC AND VERY, VERY UNUSUAL.

ONE OF MY FAVORITE.

>>WHAT IS THE BEST WAY, PEOPLE ASK WHAT IS THE BEST WAY TO KEEP A PEONY FLOWER IF YOU HOLD THOSE IN A VASE.

>>UNFORTUNATELY, WHEN YOU CUT A TREE PEONY, YOU ARE CUTTING A STEM, AND THAT PERMANENTLY ALTERS THE SHAPE OF THE PLANT.

IF YOU WANT TO CUT A LONG TEAM AND PUT IN A LONG VASE, YOU CAN DO THAT.

IF YOU DO THEM SHORT, YOU ARE NOT ALTERING SO MUCH THE PLANT.

IF YOU DO RIGHT UNDER THE FLOWER BUD, YOU CAN FLOAT THEM, AND, BOY, WHAT A SPECTACULAR FLOATING FLOWER.

ABSOLUTELY.

BEAUTIFUL.

>>SOME ARE SO BEAUTIFUL, YOU DON’T NEED MORE THAN ONE.

>>OH, MY GOSH, YEAH.

>>SPECTACULAR.

>>JUST THESE FOUR ARE A FABULOUS, FABULOUS ARRANGEMENT.

IT REALLY IS.

GOOD.

THANK YOU FOR SHARING THOSE.

ONE FOR EACH OF US.

>>WHAT A COINCIDENCE.

I CALL DIBS ON THE PINK.

>>THANK YOU, MARY ANN.

WE WILL GO TO A GUY WHO KNOWS ABOUT INSECTS, DR. PHIL NIXON.

>>HI.

I AM EXTENSION ENTOMOLOGIST WITH THE UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS, DEPARTMENT OF CROP SCIENCES.

LIKE DIANNE SAID, THAT MEANS I KNOW BUGS.

I AM GOING TO TALK ABOUT E-MAIL THAT CAME IN AND IT SAYS I SAW ONLY ONE MONARCH BUSTER FLY.

WHAT THE LATIN NAME FOR MILKWEED, ASCLEPIAS MILK WEEDS, THAT MONARCHS USE TO LAY EGGS.

USED TO BE FOUND IN DITCHES AND ROADSIDES ALL AROUND OUR AREA.

WHEN I LOOKED FOR THAT TO GATHER SEEDS, I COULDN’T FIND ANY.

DO SEED CATALOGS SELL THIS VARIETY?

>> PRETTY UNLIKELY YOU WILL FIND A SEED CATALOG THAT WILL BE SELLING WHAT IS CONSIDERED TO BE KIND OF A NOT QUITE NOXIOUS WEED, BUT GETTING KIND OF CLOSE TO IT.

THERE ASCLEPIAS VARIETIES OUT THERE.

IT KIND OF DEPENDS MAYBE HOW YOU HOLD YOUR MOUTH OR WHERE YOU LIVE, THE CASE MAYBE.

WE WERE JUST TALKING BEFORE THE SESSION THAT I HAD NEVER SEEN ANY CATERPILLARS IN MY YARD ON ASCLEPIAS TUBAROSA, WHICH IS A BUTTERFLY WEED.

BUT SHANE SEES THEM AROUND HIS NURSERY.

I HAVE HAD THE BEST LUCK WITH BLOOD FLOWER, ASCLEPIAS CURASSAVICA.

YOU HAVE TO START EVERY YEAR AND TREAT IT AS AN ANNUAL.

OTHER PEOPLE HAD VERY GOOD LUKE WITH INCARNATA, SWAMP MILK WEED.

OTHER PEOPLE, THE ONE THAT THE WRITER IS TALKING ABOUT IS ASCLEPIAS SYRIACA.

I HEAR PEOPLE FINDING THEM.

I HAVE 30 OR 40 PLANTS OUT BACK IN MY YARD.

IN 26 YEARS, I HAVE SEEN ONE CATERPILLAR ON THAT.

BUT PROBABLY 20 ON A BUD FLOWER.

IT DEPENDS WHICH ONE THEY GO TO.

ONE CONCERN HAS BEEN IS SYRIACA DOESN’T HAVE MUCH OF CARDIAC GLYCOSIDES, AND MAYBE NOT BE PRODUCING.

THE BUTTERFLY IS EXCEEDINGLY TOXIC.

ONE OF THE WAYS THAT MONARCHS GET AROUND IN LIFE IS BEING SUCH THAT THEY GIVE BIRDS VOMITING REACTION WHEN THEY TRY TO EAT ONE, AND THEY LEARN TO AVOID IT.

BUT THERE IS ANOTHER CONCERN, ANOTHER WRITER WANTED TO KNOW WHAT OUR TAKE ON WHY THERE IS FEWER MONARCH BUTTERFLIES.

A GOOD REASON LAST YEAR IT WAS EXCEEDINGLY RAINY THE FIRST HALF OF THE YEAR, AND FUNGAL DISEASES TAKING OUT ESSENTIALLY ALL CATERPILLARS.

THAT REALLY WOULD HAVE KNOCKED THEM OUT.

GENERALLY THOUGHT ACROSS THE COUNTRY, FACILITIES THE LOSS OF WEEDY ROADSIDES AND HABITAT FOOD PLANTS.

GARDENERS CAN PLANT SEVERAL DIFFERENT TYPES OF ASCLEPIAS, AND THERE HAVE BEEN CONCERNS ALSO, WHERE THE MIDWESTERN GROUPS OF MONARCHS OVER WINTER AND THAT IS THE IN MOUNTAINS OF MEXICO.

ONE IS ON THE WEST COAST.  THEY OVERWINTER IN CENTRAL CALIFORNIA.

ONES ON THE EAST COAST IN SOUTHERN FLORIDA, BUT THE ONES IN THE MIDWEST GO DOWN INTO THE MOUNTAINS OF MEXICO, AND LOGGING PROBLEMS DOWN THERE, TOO.

A VARIETY OF THINGS THAT ARE KIND OF CHALLENGING TO MONARCHS.

>>WOW.

THERE IS A LOT THERE.

THAT’S INTERESTING.

OKAY.

GOOD QUESTION, AND THANK YOU VERY MUCH FOR THAT.

LET’S GO NEXT TO OUR QUIZ, THE “DID YOU KNOW?”

YES, WE ENJOYED THAT ONE.

SEVERAL PEOPLE—WELL, MAYBE ONE PERSON AROUND THE PANEL SAID SHE ALREADY DOES THAT.

I DIDN’T WANT TO GIVE AWAY WHO IT IS.

>>WE WON’T SAY!

(LAUGHING).

>>LET’S GO TO THE PHONE LINES.

THERESA HAS A QUESTION FOR US ON LINE TWO.

HI, THERESA.

>>CALLER: HI.

I WAS WONDERING, I AM HAVING A LOT OF TROUBLE WITH THE SQUIRRELS.

THEY ARE EATING UP MY HENS AND CHICKENS.

I CAN’T PLANT ANYTHING WITHOUT THEM DIGGING UP LITTLE SMALL IRIS BULBS.

I HAVE SQUIRREL PROBLEMS.

WHAT COULD I DO?

>> THEY WILL BE REPELLED BY HOT SAUCE REPELLANT WHICH IS ESSENTIALLY WHEN THEY MAKE TABASCO SAUCE, THEY HAVE STUFF NASTY AT THE BOTTOM OF THE BARREL, THEY TEND TO DISTILL THAT OUT SO IT IS CONSIDERABLY HOTTER THAN TABASCO SAUCE.

MY UNDERSTANDING MUCH OF IT COMES FROM THE SAME COMPANY, MCHILHENNY, WHATEVER IT IS CALLED.

THAT IS QUITE EFFECTIVE, BUT IT WILL WASH OFF WITH EACH RAIN.

YOU HAVE TO REAPPLY IT.

AND I DON’T KNOW MUCH ELSE TO KIND OF PROTECT THEM.

I HAVE SEEN YOU CAN PUT A CHICKEN WIRE CAGE OVER THE TOP OF HEN AND CHICKENS, BUT THAT KIND OF DEFEATS THE REASON WHY YOU HAD AN ORNAMENTAL PLANT THERE IF YOU ARE HIDING IT UNDER SOMETHING NOT VERY ORNAMENTAL.

FOR ONE BEES, PARTICULARLY FOR DEEPER, SUCH AS DAFFODILS AND THINGS LIKE THAT, MANY TIMES IT IS A GOOD IDEA TO PLANT THOSE IN A PILLOW OF HARDWARE CLOTH.

THE SQUIRRELS CAN’T GET THROUGH THE HARDWARE CLOTH ON ALL SIDES OF THE BULBS, BUT THE SHOOTS CAN COME UP THROUGH IT.

THAT’S ONE WAY OF AVOIDING THAT.

FOR SOMETHING REALLY SHALLOW ROOT, SUCH AS IRIS, I DON’T KNOW WHAT YOU CAN DO ASSOCIATED WITH THEM.

>>REPELLANTS ARE THE MOST EFFECTIVE.

BUT THE REAL SECRET TO THE REPELLANTS IS KEEP AFTER THE APPLICATION.

CAN’T DO IT ONCE AND EXPECT THEM TO GO AWAIT.

AS IT RAINS, AND THE CHEMICAL OR WHATEVER PRODUCT YOU ARE USING DISSEMINATES, YOU HAVE TO KEEP USING IT, IT IS LIKE TRAINING KIDS.  YOU KEEP AT IT.

>>IT IS KIND OF FITS INTO THE IDEA HOW DO YOU KEEP SQUIRRELS AWAY FROM A BIRD FEEDER, WELL, CERTAIN THINGS WORK.

AS THEY POINT OUT, IT ONLY WORKS IF YOU HAVE DUMB SQUIRRELS.

SMART SQUIRRELS WILL DEFEAT EVERY BIRD FEEDER PROTECTION THERE IS AGAINST SQUIRRELS GETTING INTO IT.

KIND OF THE SAME THING HAPPENS IN PROTECT YOUR PLANTS.

AS LONG AS YOU HAVE DUMB SQUIRRELS, CAN YOU GET AWAY WITH IT PRETTY WELL, BUT IF YOU HAVE A SMART ONE, THEY WILL GET AWAY IT.

>>LIKE AN OLYMPIC ATHLETE.

>>RIGHT.

>>LET’S GO TO LINE THREE, TOM HAS A QUESTION AS WELL.

LINE THREE, TOM.

>>CALLER: I HAVE A QUESTION, I AVIDLY GROW—OR BURN A LOT OF WOOD DURING THE WINTERTIME.

WHAT IS THE BEST TIME TO THROW ON THE WOOD BURNING, POTASH ON TO THE GARDEN OR CAN I THROW TOO MUCH ACTUALLY ON IT?

HOW DO I KNOW EXACTLY?

>>I WAS GOING TO SAY, YES, YOU CAN PUT TOO MUCH.

DOES ANYONE ELSE WANT TO?

>> IT IS USUALLY THE RECOMMENDATION I HAVE READ IS USUALLY FIVE TO TEN POUNDS PER HUNDRED SQUARE FEET WHICH SEEMS LIKE A LOT TO ME ALSO.

BUT POTASH WILL RAISE THE PH, AND SOME PLANTS WILL LIKE THAT, AND SOME WON’T.

DEPENDS ON WHAT THE SOIL PH IS TO BEGIN WITH.

BE CAREFUL, TAKE A PH READING, PROBABLY BEFOREHAND.

BE CAREFUL.

DON’T PUT IT ALL ON, IN ONE SPOT.

>>PROBABLY FALL IS THE BEST TIME.

I HAVE ALSO READ THE FALL BECAUSE YOU CAN ACTUALLY TILL IT INTO YOUR SOIL, AND IT HAS TIME TO REACT, MAKE THE SOIL REACT.

THAT’S PROBABLY THE BETTER TIME IF YOU ARE GOING TO DO IT.

>>CALLER: THANK YOU VERY MUCH.

>>VERY GOOD.

WELL, WE DON’T HAVE MANY PHONES.

SO WE WILL GO BACK AROUND TO THE VIEWER E-MAIL, AND I WILL START WITH YOU, SHANE.

>>I HAVE GOT A GOOD QUESTION.

WE HAD VIEWER THAT SAID THEY BOUGHT TWO KARL FOERSTERS THROUGH THE MAIL WHICH I WILL SAY NOT NECESSARY.

YOU HAVE GOOD LOCAL GARDEN CENTERS.

NO REASON TO ORDER PLANTS THROUGH THE MAIL.

CHECK YOUR LOCAL GARDEN CENTERS FIRST, AND KARL FOERSTERS ARE VERY WELL GROWN IN THE MIDWEST.

WE WILL GO PAST THAT, AND THE DIRECTIONS THROUGH THE MAILING, IF THEY HAD A LOCAL GARDEN CENTER, THEY WOULD GET IT LOCALLY.

BUT THEY DIDN’T KNOW WHEN TO PLANT THEM.

IT REALLY DEPENDS WHAT THEY LOOK LIKE.

IN GENERAL, IF YOU GET A POTTED PLANT, YOU CAN PLANT THEM ANY TIME.

YOU CAN PUT THEM—THEY ARE HOUSED IN THEIR OWN LITTLE LIFE SUPPORT SYSTEM.

YOU CAN PLANT THEM.

GRASSES YOU WANT TO BE CAREFUL HOW LATE YOU PLANT THEM.

YOU REALLY DON’T WANT TO GET THEM—EVERYBODY HAS A DIFFERENT DATE.

AFTER SEPTEMBER 30, WE REALLY AVOID THEM BECAUSE THEY DON’T HAVE TIME TO ROOT IN.

THIS WINTER IS PERFECT EXAMPLE, YOU LOSE A LOT OF GRASSES.

THROUGH THE SUMMER, I TELL PEOPLE JULY IS A BAD TIME.

IF YOU PLANT IN MAY, YOU WILL BE WATERING IN JULY.

GET THEM IN THE GROUND.

GET THEM ROOTED UP AS SOON AS POSSIBLE.

AGAIN, ONLY A BAD TIME IF IT IS TOO LATE IN THE SEASON.

OTHER THAN THAT, I THINK YOU WILL BE FINE.

WATCH THE WATER, YES, GRASSES DON’T NEED A LOT OF WATER, BUT ALL PLANTS NEED TO ESTABLISH, GETTING WET, DRYING OUT, GETTING WET.

THAT’S THE ANSWER TO THE QUESTIONS, BUT YOU WOULD GET ALL THESE ANSWERS AT A LOCAL GARDEN CENTER AND YOU DON’T HAVE TO GUESS.

OR YOU CAN ALWAYS CALL HERE.

>>OR BOTH!

(LAUGHING).

>>THANK YOU FOR THAT.

NOW, MARY ANN.

>>I HAVE ANOTHER SHOW AND TELL.

I COLLECT, AGAIN, AFTER THE TREE PEONIES, I COLLECT JAPANESE MAPLES WHICH TAKE UP LOTS MORE ROOM.

I WANT TO SHOW THE VARIATION IN COLOR AND TEXTURE OF SOME OF THE JAPANESE MAPLES THAT ARE AVAILABLE.

YOU CAN SEE THAT’S ALMOST LIKE A BOUQUET, ALSO, ISN’T IT?

>> THAT’S GORGEOUS.

>>I HAVE BEEN TOTALLY ENAMORED WITH THEM.

THE TEXTURES AND COLORS.

THE FINE TEXTURE, AND ALL THE COLORS, AND THIS IS SPRING COLOR.

THEY ARE BEAUTIFUL IN THE FALL.

THEY ARE FALL COLORS ARE JUST STUNNING.

IT IS REALLY HARD TO KNOW.

>>A LOT OF DIFFERENT SHAPES.

YOU CAN’T TELL FROM THE LEAVES, BUT YOU CAN SEE THERE ARE WEEPERS AND UP RIGHTS.

>>ABSOLUTELY.

SUCH A VARIATION IN THIS PARTICULAR THING, BUT ANOTHER ONE OF MY CHECKS WHICH I JUST LOVE.

BOY, THEY DO REALLY WELL.

THEY LIKE A LITTLE MORE PROTECTION IN THE WINTERTIME.

PHIL WAS SAYING HE DOESN’T DO TOO MANY YEARS BECAUSE OF THE WIND.

HERE IN THE MIDWEST, WE HAVE A LOT OF WIND.

IF YOU HAVE PROTECTION IN THE BACKYARD, OR MICRO CLIMATE, THEY DO QUITE WELL ACTUALLY.

>>MORE IN OPEN AREAS IT IS A CHALLENGE.

>>YOU GENERALLY DON’T HAVE A LOT OF JAPANESE MAPLES.  THEY USUALLY DIE—IF SOMEBODY HAS A HUGE GARDEN, IF THEY HAVE A LOT OF JAPANESE MAPLES, THEY DON’T HAVE A GARDEN.

THAT’S INTERESTING, I HAVE A BIG GARDEN.

YOU ARE OUT.

YOU HAVE NICE EVERYTHING!

(LAUGHING).

>>VERY GOOD.

ALL RIGHT.

THANK YOU FOR BRINGING THOSE IN.

THEY ARE GORGEOUS.

PHIL, LET’S GO TO YOU NEXT.

>>THIS IS NOT A QUESTION, A GARDENER HERE IN THE MIDWEST, I WOULD VERY MUCH APPRECIATE HEARING YOUR PROGRAM ADDRESS DECLINE OF THE HONEYBEE POPULATIONS HERE IN ILLINOIS AND THE CAUSES.

WELL THE FIRST THING IS THAT WE HAVEN’T HAD AS MUCH OF A HONEYBEE DECLINE IN ILLINOIS AS MANY OTHER STATES HAVE BEEN, PROBABLY MORE THAN ANYTHING BECAUSE MOST OF OUR HONEYBEES THAT WE HAVE ARE EITHER HOBBYIST BEEKEEPERS OR THEY ARE ONES THAT ARE LOCALIZED BEEKEEPERS.

WHERE WE SEE THE DECLINE THE MOST IN HONEYBEES IS GOING TO BE ASSOCIATED WITH MIGRATORY BEEKEEPERS THAT WILL GO TO—GO ACROSS-COUNTRY ESSENTIALLY THREE QUARTERS OF ALL THE HONEYBEE COLONIES IN THE COUNTRY AND POLLINATING ALMOND ORCHARDS IN CALIFORNIA SOMETIME DURING THE YEAR.

IN THOSE TYPES OF SITUATIONS WHERE THEY ARE LOADING MANY HIVES ONTO A FLATBED TRAILER AND SEMI AND DRIVING IT DURING THE NIGHT.

THESE BEES ARE ALWAYS TRYING TO FIND A NEW SOURCE OF FOOD IN A NEW PLACE, AND THEY DON’T KNOW WHERE THEY ARE, AND ALL THIS SORT OF STUFF THAT WE SEE THE COLONY COLLAPSE DISORDER EFFECTS AND SOME OF THE OTHER EFFECTS.

BUT NATIONWIDE, AS WELL AS IN ILLINOIS, OUR—IT IS A MULTI PRONGED APPROACH.

INSECTICIDES CAN HAVE AN EFFECT.

THE INSECTICIDES AND FUNCTION SIDES BEEKEEPERS USE IN THEIR OWN HIVES HAVE BEEN SHOWN TO HAVE AN EFFECT, ASSOCIATED WITH BEEKEEPERS MIGHT HAVE AN EFFECT.

THERE IS A LOSS OF HABITAT HAVING AN EFFECT, AND ANY TIME ANYBODY COMES UP AND SAYS THE PROBLEM IS—BLANK, THEY ARE WRONG, BECAUSE IT IS A MULTI PRONGED THING.

IT IS NOT SO SIMPLE IF WE GET RID OF BLANK WE CAN SOLVE A PROBLEM.

THAT’S KIND OF LIKE SAYING WE ARE GOING TO SOLVE A POLITICAL PROBLEM BY GETTING RID OF ONE PERSON.

AT ANY RATE, MULTI PRONGED APPROACH.

MANY THINGS ASSOCIATED WITH IT.

IN ILLINOIS, WE TEND TO BE RELATIVELY BLESSED WITH RELATIVELY SMALL AMOUNT OF HONEYBEE DECLINE AS OTHER STATES, SOUTH SOUTHERN STATES, TEXAS AND STUFF.

>>MULTI PRONGED, SO DOING SOMETHING IN ALL THOSE CATEGORIES.

>>REDUCING YOUR AMOUNT OF INSECTICIDE USE PARTICULARLY TO FLOWERING PLANTS, MAKES A BIG DIFFERENCE, DOING—MAKING SURE THAT YOU ARE KIND OF SUPPORTING AND HAVING SOME BLOOMING FLOWERS THROUGHOUT THE YEAR FOR THE BEES TO FEED ON, EVEN IF THEY ARE NOT YOUR BEES AND YOU ARE GETTING THEM IN THERE, IT ALL HELPS.

IT HELPS THE NATIVE BEES AS WELL.

HONEYBEE IS AN EXOTIC BEE.

EVERYTHING RAN FINE HERE BEFORE THE PILGRIMS BROUGHT THE HONEYBEES OVER.

THERE ARE NATIVE POLLINATORS THAT NEED HELP, TOO.

>>VERY GOOD.

THANK YOU, PHIL.

WE WILL GO TO THE PHONE LINES AND LET’S START WITH LINE FOUR, ROBIN, AND SHE HAS A QUESTION.

LINE FOUR.

>>CALLER: HI.

I AM GLAD PHIL IS THERE.

I HAVE WHAT WE ARE PRETTY SURE IS TERMITES IN ONE OF MY PLANTING BEDS, AND THERE IS NO VEGETABLES THERE.

IT IS JUST FLOWERS.

BUT WHAT DO I DO TO KILL IT?

AND THE BED HAS COCOA HULL MULCH TILLED INTO IT, AND THE CLUMP THAT WE FOUND THE BUGS IN WAS CLUMP OF KIND OF CLAY WITH MULCH ATTACHED TO IT.

COULD THAT BE THE REASON WE ARE GETTING TERMITES?

BECAUSE I HAVE NEVER HAD THEM IN MY FLOWER BEDS BEFORE.

>>TERMITES ARE VERY MUCH TIED TO HAVING A LOT OF MOISTURE ASSOCIATED WITH THEM.

THEY WILL ACTUALLY GET INTO SOME OF OUR GARDEN PLANTS.

THEY WILL TUNNEL INTO THE STEMS OF RHUBARB AND GERANIUMS.

THEY WILL, OF COURSE, GET IN MULCH.

WE RECOMMEND THE MULCH BE NO THICKER THAN TWO TO THREE INCHES BECAUSE THAT ALLOWS THAT MULCH TO DRY OUT BETWEEN WATERINGS OR RAINFALLS, AND ELIMINATES FOR MOST PART TERMITES IN IT.

THEY NEED TO HAVE 97 AND A HALF PERCENT RELATIVELY HUMIDITY IN ORDER TO SURVIVE.

AS LONG AS THAT IS THE CASE, THAT GREATLY REDUCES THE PROBLEM ASSOCIATED WITH IT.

THE CLAY SOIL PROBABLY HELP KEEP THE MOISTURE IN THERE.

WHETHER YOU DO SOMETHING ABOUT IT OR NOT IS KIND OF A HECK IF YOU DO, HECK IF YOU DON’T SCENARIO.

IF YOU DO SOMETHING ABOUT THEM, AND TREAT IN THAT AREA, THEN THEY HAVE TO GO LOOK FOR ANOTHER SOURCE OF FOOD, AND THEY MAY GO TO YOUR HOUSE.

IF YOU DON’T DO ANYTHING, THAT MAY ALLOW THE COLONY TO BUILD-UP WHERE THEY THEN GO YOUR HOUSE.

IT IS WHATEVER YOU WANT TO DO.

GENERALLY, THEY ARE GOING TO LOOK AROUND FOR VARIOUS SOURCES OF FOOD.

THERE ARE BAITS THAT CAN BE USED.

THERE ARE DIRECT SPRAY APPLICATIONS CAN BE USED.

I WOULD SUGGEST WHETHER YOU DO SOMETHING OR NOT THAT YOU EITHER SEVIN OR HAVE YOUR HOUSE INSPECTED, MAYBE ON AN ANNUAL, BUT NO LESS OFTEN THAN EVERY THREE YEARS BECAUSE IF THEY ARE IN YOUR YARD, THEY ARE CLOSE ENOUGH TO HIT YOUR HOUSE.

>>VERY GOOD.

WE ARE MOVING RIGHT ALONG.

LET’S GO TO LINE TWO, AND VICKIE HAS A DOGWOOD QUESTION.

LINE TWO, VICKIE.

>>CALLER: THIS IS ON RED TWIG DOGWOOD.

I THINK IT HAS SCALES.

I HAVE HAD SCALES BEFORE, LITTLE WHITE ROUND—NOT EVENLY ROUND.  I ALSO HAVE HAD WORMS GET ON THEM.

THEY ARE PROBABLY MAYBE AN INCH LONG AND—WELL THERE IS SOMETHING ON THE UNDERNEATH SIDE SOMETIMES, AND THEN I GET WORMS ON THEM.

THEY ARE WHITE KIND OF LITTLE FUZZY WITH STRIPE DOWN THEIR BACK.

I WONDER WHY.

>>OKAY, PROBABLY WHAT YOU ARE LOOKING AT IS THE SCALES ARE PROBABLY OYSTER SHELL SCALE.

I AM LOOKING IN THE BOOK TO SEE WHEN YOU WOULD TREAT FOR THAT BECAUSE OYSTER SHELLS WON’T BE DORMANT OIL. YOU HAVE TO USE CRAWLER SPRAY.

THAT’S WHY I LOOK IT UP.

GO AHEAD AND TELL HER.

>>YOU WOULD BRIEFLY DO THAT WHEN SPIREAS IN LATE BLOOM.

WE ARE IN CENTRAL ILLINOIS RIGHT IN THE MIDDLE OF FULL BLOOM RIGHT NOW ON VAN HOOTER OR BRIDAL SPIREA.

YOU COULD USE INSECTICIDAL SOAP OR PYRETHROID AT THAT TIME WHEN THEY ARE OUT AND LITTLE GRAY CRAWLERS OUT ON THE FOLIAGE.

THE CATERPILLAR TYPE THING IS A SAW FLY.

THAT’S GOING TO BE CONTROLLED WITH YOUR EIGHT INSECT SPRAY AND WILL WORK PRETTY WELL ON THAT AS WELL AS ROTENONE OR CARBARYL, SOLD AS IN SEVIN.

>>HAVE YOU FOUND IT REJUVENATES THE RED TWIG, WHEN YOU KEEP THE OLDER BRANCHES CUT OUT?

I HAVE ACTUALLY PRETTY MUCH ELIMINATED IN MY GARDEN BY REJUVENATING, TAKING OUT THE OLDER BRANCHES AND.

>>I HAVEN’T MADE THE RECOMMENDATION FOR DOGWOOD, BUT MAKES SENSE THAT IT WOULD.

WHEN YOU ARE GROWING RED TWIG WHERE YOU WILL CUT IT DOWN.

THE SCALE IS ONLY ON THE ABOVE GROUND PARTS.

IF YOU CUT AWAY ALL OF THE TOP PART WHICH I COMMONLY WILL RECOMMEND ON EUONYMUS SCALE AND DESTROY OR REMOVE ALL THAT MATERIAL, THEORETICALLY, YOU HAVE NO SCALE LEFT.

HOWEVER, YOU HAVE TO KEEP YOUR EYE ON IT BECAUSE EVERYTHING WILL BE NICE AND FRESH AND SOFT AND EASILY ATTACKED BY THAT SCALE THAT COMES UP.

IT IS ONLY ON THE TOP GROWTH.

>>I ACTUALLY REMOVE IT WHEN IT LOOKS GOOD AND USE IT IN BIG DISPLAYS.

I DON’T EVEN WAIT—WHEN I USE IT THAT MUCH, I DON’T GET SCALE ON MY DOGWOOD, RED TWIG.

ANYWAY.

THANK YOU FOR THAT QUESTION AND PRONGED ATTACK FOR IT.

LET’S GO TO LINE THREE, PAULINE.

HI, PAULINE.

LINE THREE.

ARE YOU PAULINE?

>>CALLER: YES.

I WAS WONDERING IF SHANE COULD REPEAT THE NAME OF THE LAST PLANT THAT HE SAW, THE PURPLE.

>>PORTULACA.

THIS ONE HERE, IS THAT THE ONE YOU ARE LOOKING FOR?

>>CALLER: THERE IS A LITTLE DELAY.

>>THE ONE THAT DROOPS DOWN WITH PURPLE FLOWER IS PORTULACA.

>>PORTULACA.

>>MOSS ROSES.

>>MOSS ROSES, YEAH.

I THINK THIS VARIETY IS IN THE YUBI.

THEY HAVE GOT REALLY NICE COLORS IN THAT FAMILY.

I THINK THIS IS CALLED YUBI.

BUT IT IS SO EASY TO GROW.

IT IS ONE OF THOSE HANGING BASKETS, WHEN YOU GO ON VACATION AND ALL OF THEM DIE, THIS STAYS ALIVE.

>>I OFTEN GET THEM TO SELF-SOW.

>>OH, YEAH.

>>ABSOLUTELY.

>>YOU DON’T CLEAN THEM UP.

WE HAVE NICE ONES ON THE FLOOR OF OUR GREENHOUSE.

>>YES EXACTLY RIGHT.

>>CRACKS IN THE DRIVEWAY.

>>EASILY TO TRANSPLANT AROUND.

>>REAL EASY ONE.

>>GREAT PLANT.

>>I GOT NERVOUS WHEN I THOUGHT IT WAS A QUESTION FOR ME.

OH, NO!

(LAUGHING).

>>I WANT TO THANK OUR GREAT VIEWERS.

THANK YOU SO MUCH AND FOR YOU, FOLKS, ALL YOUR EXPERTISE.

WE HOPE YOU WILL GET OUT AND HAVE A GREAT WEEK GARDENING.

GOOD-BYE.

 

Air Dates and Times

Channel Day Time
WILL-TV, Urbana Thursdays 7 pm (live)
  Saturdays 11 am (repeat)
WTVP-TV, Peoria Saturdays 10:30 am
WEIU-TV, Charleston Sundays 4:30 pm
WILL-AM/90.9 HD2 & HD3, Urbana Saturdays 6:30 am
WSEC-TV, Springfield Saturdays 11 am
WQEC-TV, Quincy Saturdays 11 am
WMEC-TV, Macomb Saturdays 11 am
WYCC-TV, Chicago Wednesdays 1 pm

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