Pension Law Could Mean Mass Retirements At State Universities
By Jeff Bossert
The courts will ultimately decide what happens to Illinois’ pension reform law. But, two and a half months before the overhaul is set to take effect, thousands of public university employees may soon face a choice - retire before July, or lose a substantial portion of their retirement income.
They include University of Illinois Professor Jim Barrett, who's in his thirtieth year in the departments of History and African-American Studies.
He planned to work through the next school year, and retire in 2015. That was until the pension overhaul.
Now, Barrett believes he may need to retire by the end of June or lose thousands of dollars.
"My recollection is that it reduced my monthly retirement income by something like 20-percent," he said.
So instead, Barrett's weighing whether to retire, with a slim window of time to decide.
“I’ve got graduate students, I’ve got courses I’m scheduled for our life, in other words our calendar for next year was planned around teaching for an additional year," he said. "Everybody’s different, but I’m someone invested in teaching on a day to day basis, it was aside from family, probably the center of my life.”
At issue is a benefit calculation called the ‘money purchase’ option - when eligible employees retire, they receive a monthly benefit through either the money purchase option, or a formula based on years of employment, whichever is greater.
“Now in recent years, more than half of all employees have gotten a higher benefit under the money purchase option – and that’s the one that’s changing for people that retire before or after this academic year," said U of I Finance Professor Jeffrey Brown, who said the pension law reduces the effective rate of interest when calculating a key factor in the money purchase formula.
A group advocating for state university workers suggests as many as 10,000 employees could see a cut in benefits - large enough to consider retirement - before July. That figure comes from Linda Brookhart, Executive Director of the State Universities Annuitants Association
Brown adds a word of caution. He said each person’s situation varies, depending on when they were hired, and how much they earned over the years.
“The most important thing to urge people here, is not to make any decisions based on simply illustrations and examples, because there are going to be some people not affected at all, and others that could be affected," Brown said.
The State Universities Retirement System is lining up consultations with employees like Professor Barrett. He can’t get in for an appointment until May.
SURS spokeswoman Beth Spencer said they’re swamped.
“We have increased our one-on-one counseling sessions here at the office to the max, really," she said. "We’ve just increased by as many as we can – and we are now offering group counseling sessions, which we’re going to be able to reach about 420 additional people. And we have revamped our online benefit estimator.”
SUAA has filed one of five lawsuits against state officials, seeking to block the pension measure from taking effect, on behalf of nine U of I and Parkland College employees and retirees.
Executive Director Linda Brookhart said she's concerned about what that means to the U of I and other state schools in a few months.
“I don’t want to say it could damage higher education, but it’s going to take a significant bite out of the ability – how fast can you hire people to take the place who have retired, if there’s a significant number that leave?," she said.
Brookhart also said it is possible a judge could issue a stay to temporarily block the law until the case is heard in court. She calls much of the plan ‘very ambiguous’ and says parts will have to be changed, either in court, or in the state legislature.
One of the architects of the pension plan, Rep. Elaine Netritz (D-Northbrook) calls the possibility of mass retirements from universities an unintended side effect of the measure.
She said she understands people’s anxiety, but Nekritz adds she doubts lawmakers will revisit the issue.
“We changed the bottom line number about the savings," she said. "And you know, that’s always a very delicate balance of how we were impacting workers, retirees, versus getting to something that would be significant enough to help taxpayers."
In a mass e-mail this week, University of Illinois President Robert Easter urged those considering retirement soon to take advantage of information offered by SURS.
He said administrators continue to work on a supplementary program for employees, to ensure the U of I’s retirement system is ‘competitive with those of our peers.’
Professor Brown said any supplemental plan from the U of I will likely help newer hires, and have a minimal effect on employees who are close to retirement.