Union Civil War camp in Cairo once hosted up to 5,000 freed African Americans
Efforts are underway to recognize important sites of Black history in southern Illinois. They include Camp Defiance, a Union Civil War base in Cairo which hosted up to 5,000 African Americans.
Professor of Anthropology and Director of the Center for Archaeological Investigations, SIU Carbondale
Doctoral student in history, SIU Carbondale
President, The Cairo Historical Preservation Project (TCHPP)